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2009-2010 Project List

Project 1) Shell Canada - Calgary -

Companies that utilize steam methane reforming (SMR) for producing hydrogen are seeking ways to provide carbon capture capability. In addition, the SMR process has inherent losses and inefficiencies. This summer, Shell personal have thought of a novel way for reducing the energy and waste. The idea is a potential “game changer” in energy usage of SMR and carbon capture. It is potentially patentable, and thus will not be discussed on this website. TEAM has been asked to evaluate the concept, and if promising, to produce the necessary documentation to initiate a patent.

Discipline mix: CHEE, MECH, LAW, COMM


Project 2) Permedia -

Carbon Dioxide Storage Model Development

The solubility of supercritical CO2 in the pore waters of geological CO2 storage sites is an important aspect of the long term verification of sequestration. Permedia Research is leading a high-profile international consortium to develop software for modeling CO2 Storage.

CO2-saturated porewaters tend to be relatively dense and disperse away from a trapped plume of gaseous CO2 as a function of gravity. We wish to forward the model this convection with standard reservoir simulators and require a geochemical source term for this process. The dissolution of CO2 is dependent on a number of variables (e.g. pore water salinity, temperature, natural CO2 fugacity), and will predominantly occur at the gas-water contact associated with trapped buoyant Co2 plumes. 

(more information tba)

discipline mix (CHEM, CHEE, MECH)


Project 3) Bantrel – Toronto -

Bantrel - Toronto – Development of Strategic Relationships to Design and Build "Green" Energy Facilities

Bantrel ( is an Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) firm headquartered in Calgary (major shareholder is San Francisco based Bechtel). Our focus is on providing EPC services to major national and international energy companies.

Bantrel is committed to our environment. One of our major focus areas is working with organizations to engineer and construct facilities implementing "green" energy technologies (Waste to Energy, Clean Power Generation etc.). As part of this focus area, developing strategic relationships with green technology providers/licensors is becoming increasingly important. This investigation will identify the "best commercially available" green energy technologies (worldwide) for application in North America and will explore methods for developing effective strategic relationships with technology providers/licensors. 

discipline mix: all


Project 4) Provident Energy - Redwater, AB- (

Caustic soda, (NaOH), is used to strip the propane and butane streams of excess sulfurs at the Provident Energy Redwater Facility. After a few cycles of usage, the caustic is then replaced with “fresh” caustic and the “spent” is removed from the system and disposed of. The purpose of this project is to look at the cost of regenerating the spent caustic to 30% strength at the Redwater Facility and to see if it is economical to do so.

discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, COMM)

Project 5) Agrium - Joffre AB -

PROJECT TITLE: Water Management at Fertilizer Production Facility.

Agrium’s Joffre operation is located 23 km northeast of Red Deer, Alberta and is one of the world’s most efficient producers of anhydrous ammonia. Ammonia is a nitrogen rich compound that is primarily used for agricultural fertilizer.


Manufacturing fertilizers is an energy and resource intensive process. Agrium is encouraging each of its manufacturing facilities to implement energy conservation and emission reduction projects. For Joffre, water conservation and river discharge emissions has been identified as an area to improve on.

All water for the site originates from an underground aquifer. During treatment, charged ions and other impurities are removed to provide the steam system with a pure water source. These impurities and a select number of water treatment chemicals are discharged to holding ponds. Twice a year these ponds, along with the sewage pond on an annual basis, are discharged to the Red Deer River. We would like TEAM to evaluate treatment options for both waste water sources and identify any water conservation/re-use opportunities within the process.


-Evaluation of treatment options based on effectiveness and energy consumption
-Assess any opportunities to re-use/conserve water
-Recommendations expanded to detail a measurable reduction of Agrium’s environmental footprint.
-Establish that TEAM’s recommendation goes above and beyond current environmental regulations for river discharge.

discipline mix ()

3-4 chem eng/eng chem and an option for either a law student or biologist. The law student could look into regulations around river discharge and ensure the group's recommendations exceeds them. A bio student could look at what effect the chemicals we discharge into the river have. Maybe that would focus the students' effort around removing the most harmful ones.


Project 6) DuPont Canada - - Kingston - (

Founded in 1802, DuPont puts science to work by creating sustainable solutions essential to a better, safer, healthier life for people everywhere. Operating in more than 70 countries, DuPont offers a wide range of innovative products and services for markets including agriculture, nutrition, electronics, communications, safety and protection, home and construction, transportation and apparel.

Project Description

The use of external companies, commonly referred to as “tollers”, for manufacturing and/or development is an attractive option that can help reduce the capital intensity of developing new products and accelerate their commercialization.

The purpose of this project is to develop a database that is user friendly and provides key information about tollers across North America. The scope of the project will be 1) to design a database framework that includes fields for the information required later by DuPont to find and screen tolling candidates, 2) identify tollers in Canada and the U.S. and collect relevant information about their capabilities. 3) Populate the database created in the first phase.

This is an important tool for DuPont and will be used across the various businesses and research organizations throughout North America and may be subsequently upgraded to cover global toller selection.

discipline mix (all)


Project 7) BP - Calgary - (

Heavy Oil Energy Efficiency Project

The extraction of bitumen by Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) is energy intensive. The drive to optimize the environmental and economic performance provides a clear incentive to achieve greater energy efficiency for SAGD projects. The potential of high natural gas prices coupled with a possible future carbon dioxide cap and trade system will give the SAGD operators the economic incentive to implement new and innovative energy efficiency projects.

This project will involve students working with BP people in Houston, the UK, and Calgary to innovate and evaluate potential fuel and carbon dioxide savings associated with energy saving projects from steam production from natural gas.

The current Once Through Steam Generator (OTSG) design has been selected to minimize the capital cost and maintain operational simplicity to maximize plant reliability, this makes the current OTSG ideal for retrofitting of energy efficiency improvements technologies.

The project will consider efficient heat and power recovery from the current OTSG design and SAGD operation, ideas to include may include pre-heating of feeds to the OTSG (water, air, fuel) and recover of the substantial heat in the stacks (~190 deg C), including evaluation of the Rankine cycle with alternative working fluids to recover the energy from the flue stack.

The project output should include:

1. Description of each idea considered
2. Initial selection and ranking of best ideas (criteria and weighting to be agreed with BP)
3. Power, heat, fuel and CO2 (both indirect and direct) balances
4. Capital Costs, Economic Analysis
5. Impact upon system reliability, safety, and water usage
6. Report to include summary, conclusions and recommendations
BP will provide process description and heat & mass balance for the OTSGs.

All Intellectual Property generated in performing this project will be the property of BP Canada.

suggested discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, COMM)


Project 8) Agrium - Redwater AB (

Project Title: Helium Recovery from Purge Gas

Agrium Redwater Fertilizer Operations (RFO) is located 50 km northeast of Edmonton, Alberta. The facility produces both nitrogen and phosphate based fertilizers and industrial products for sale primarily in western Canada and the United States.

Project Description:

In the production of anhydrous ammonia, syngas is compressed and enters the ammonia synthesis loop where hydrogen and nitrogen catalytically react to form ammonia in the ammonia converter. Syngas is produced through steam reforming of methane, including the addition of air to a secondary reformer followed by the water gas shift reaction, carbon dioxide removal, and methanation reaction. To form ammonia, the nitrogen component is acquired from the air, and the hydrogen comes from the reformed natural gas. The ammonia converter effluent is cooled and chilled to separate the ammonia from the unreacted inert gases in the process stream. The ammonia product is directed to storage for shipping or is used as a feed in other production processes. The unreacted gases are recycled back to the ammonia converter.

To prevent accumulation of inert gases in the synthesis loop, a slip steam of syngas (called purge gas) is sent to the Purge Gas Recovery (PGR) system where it is scrubbed with water to recover any ammonia, dried by the molecular sieves and cryogenically cooled to recover and return additional hydrogen to the synthesis loop. After the hydrogen recovery step, the remaining tail gas is combined with scrubbed flash gas from the ammonia refrigeration circuit, and used as a supplemental fuel in the primary reformer furnace.

The opportunity to be examined by this TEAM project is to look at the potential for recovering inert gases from the tail gas, primarily helium, for subsequent purification and sale. Helium is a valuable commodity with limited natural reserves, and given the flow rate of inert gases currently exiting the primary reformer stack, a helium recovery process could prove to be both economically justified and profitable. RFO is also interested to learn about additional opportunities to recover other inert gases from the tail gas stream, i.e. purification and sale of argon, and the recovery and recycle of nitrogen back to the synthesis loop, etc.

Key Deliverables:

- Preliminary process design, economic evaluation and capital cost estimate for the installation of an inert gas recovery system
- Market opportunity analysis for the sale of recovered inert gases
- Evaluation of the associated environmental benefits for the proposed tail gas recovery system

discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, COMM)

Project 9) ExxonMobil // Imperial Oil Canada - Toronto - (

Impact of Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulation on Imperial Oil Refineries

Project Statement:

Europe has and US plans to regulate CO2 emission via a "Cap and Trade"
program. If these same regulations are adopted in Canada, what action would the Canadian refineries, specifically the Imperial Oil refineries would have to take to be in compliance?

Expected Deliverables:

- Comparison of the current Canadian Greenhouse Gas regulation and the European and US regulations.
- Technology options required to be implemented to reduce CO2 emissions.
- Possible circuit wide solution if regulation is in the form of "Cap and Trade" versus direct Carbon Tax.

discipline mix (all)


Project 10) Paramount Energy Trust - Calgary ( (Paramount Energy Trust has joined Perpetual Engergy Inc.)

Project Title: Generation of Electricity with Natural Gas

Paramount Energy Trust ("PET" or the “Trust") is an independent natural gas producer based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The Trust was launched in February 2003 with a base of shallow natural gas assets in northeastern Alberta. Concentric exploration and exploitation around these base assets sustains production while acquisitions have driven growth. Paramount Energy Trust’s entrepreneurial approach has identified and captured a number of synergistic and diversified grass-roots exploration and energy-related ventures that will provide the foundation for long-term growth and value creation. Creating value by bringing energy to market is Paramount Energy Trust's primary guiding principle.

Project Description:

Typically produced natural gas is sold via pipeline to industrial, residential and commercial consumers as a direct product with many end-users. Recent significant declines in natural gas prices have led Paramount to investigate other potential markets for natural gas such as the local generation of Electricity. In Alberta, current coal fired electrical generation makes up 50% of the province’s generating capacity and natural gas accounts for 40% with the remainder 10% comprising of wind, hydro and biomass. With new regulations regarding Greenhouse Gas Emissions coupled with the move to more electric vehicles, is there viable economics for Paramount to pursue converting the natural gas into electricity at one of the Paramount plant sites? The TEAM will need to investigate and recommend electrical generation technology, compare & forecast electricity & gas prices and provide economics on the project.

Key Deliverables:

• Evaluation of natural gas prices compared to electricity prices in Alberta both today and in the future
• Evaluation of future Alberta electrical prices compared to North American electrical prices
• Evaluation of the requirements and economics to convert natural gas into electricity at one of Paramount’s facilities in Alberta
• Evaluation of the amount of Greenhouse Gas Emissions this project would produce and options to deal with that issue.

TEAM Discipline Mix:

Chemical Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Economics

Paramount Discipline Mix:

Gas Marketing, Production Engineering, Facilities Engineering, Accounting


Project 11) Paramount Energy Trust - Calgary (

Project Title: Potential Natural Gas Markets

{see Paramount Energy Trust Company Description above}

Project Description:

Typically produced natural gas is sold via pipeline to industrial, residential and commercial consumers as a direct product with many end-users. Recent significant declines in natural gas prices have led Paramount to investigate other potential value-added markets for natural gas.

The TEAM will need to investigate and recommend new potential technologies and markets for natural gas either by direct sales, indirect marketing or different technology processes. Examples of direct sales are to industrial end users (Syncrude). Examples of indirect marketing are Natural Gas Vehicles. Examples of different technology processes are electrical generation. These are a few examples but a more in-depth review is needed to identify all potential markets.

Key Deliverables:

• Evaluation of other potential value-added markets for natural gas
• Generation of an action plan to pursue viable alternatives

TEAM Discipline Mix:

Chemical Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Economics

Paramount Discipline Mix:

Gas Marketing, Production Engineering, Facilities Engineering, Accounting

Bio and Pharma Companies / Projects

Project 12) PnuVax - Kingston -

Process and Facility Design and Production Economics For a New Proprietary Vaccine

This project combines many aspects of the engineering and business planning required in industrial biotechnology: the growth of organisms requiring containment, protein and polysaccharide production, purification, and chemical synthesis.

PnuVax is developing a new proprietary vaccine for a disease of worldwide incidence and significant medical and social impact. The vaccine has been proven at the level of laboratory and animal experiments, and a Phase I clinical trial has shown safety. To proceed with investments, PnuVax needs a preliminary process, engineering and economic analysis.

PnuVax has preliminary process and product information appropriate to the laboratory scale production of small quantities of the relevant polysaccharide and protein. The polysaccharide and protein (active ingredients) are produced by separate fermentations of pathogenic microorganisms requiring BL2 containment. After fermentation, the each active ingredient is purified by a combination of centrifugation, cross-flow filtration and chromatography. The protein and polysaccharide are then chemically conjugated, and the conjugate is purified to become the active ingredient of the vaccine.

The TEAM will determine an approach to scale up from the nominally 1 liter process to a process at 1000 liters, including all process steps. The final report will contain process flow diagrams, equipment selection, scale-up parameters, control system requirements, building and facility design, piping and utilities, production capacity estimation and an economic analysis. New manufacturing technologies are now becoming available to the biotechnology industry that involve the use of sterile plastic bags for processing, and it is intended that the TEAM analyze the relative economics of the use of standard stainless steel vessels in comparison to the new disposable technologies.

This is typical of the preliminary design specification required by any pharmaceutical company at this stage of product and process development. Because of the nature of this vaccine and the early stage of its development, PnuVax will require the TEAM members to observe confidentiality for certain aspect of this project.

discipline mix (CHEE, BIO, CHEM, ..)


Project 13) Ledgecroft Farms Inc.

PROJECT TITLE: Heat Application Opportunities

Ledgecroft Farms Inc. is a family dairy farm operation located in Seeley’s Bay. Our primary focus has been the dairy business for over 30 years. Ledgecroft Farms will be complementing its agricultural business by building an anaerobic digester (AD) that would produce renewable energy in the form of heat and electrical generation.


It is expected that with the advancement of technology and/or use of existing technology in a different application, new opportunities will arise to augment the existing AD project. A specific example of interest is the multiple uses of excess heat which can be recovered from the combined heat and power (CHP) unit. The application of excess heat has yet to be fully contemplated for the site. We would like TEAM to assess possible heat recovery options for development into complementary processes which can be financially viable.


-Research application of heat generation that may be suitable for our rural setting.
-Assess the marketability of such options.
-Prepare a preliminary design that tie into the existing AD system for the top recommended option.


The involvement of chemical, mechanical, and/or electrical engineering disciplines would be possible given the broad spectrum of specialty integration to the AD project. To address the financial considerations of the recommended approach, the involvement of commerce and business disciplines would be appropriate.


Project 14) Ledgecroft Farms Inc.

PROJECT TITLE: Environmental Performance Metrics

Ledgecroft Farms Inc. is a family dairy farm operation located in Seeley’s Bay. Our primary focus has been the dairy business for over 30 years. Ledgecroft Farms will be complementing its agricultural business by building an anaerobic digester (AD) that would produce renewable energy in the form of heat and electrical generation. 


To reasonably measure success of a project, there is benefit to identifying the performance metrics that are desired and to establish a benchmark on current practices. Of specific interest to our AD project are the environmental metrics. An environmental metric would contemplate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, among other environmental factors. An assessment of the current emissions would be necessary in order to provide a basis of comparison in future once the AD system is operational. 


-Develop a sound methodology and verification process to establish an environmental baseline for current conditions.
-Obtain data on existing practices as base inputs and future practices as comparative inputs. 
-Prepare a report that summarizes the process and findings of the environmental metrics.


All disciplines that have involvement in sustainability and renewable energy.


Project 15) Covidien - Montreal - website

{Sorry, no project for this year}

discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, ...)


Project 16) Bunge Canada – Hamilton, On. (website)

Bunge Canada is a major processor of soybeans and canola to produce soybean oil, canola oil, and meal. The plant in Hamilton Ontario utilizes steam in several process steps. It is proposed that the Queen’s TEAM review the process for opportunities to improve non-optimally utilized energy such as steam. Low or non capital solutions will be preferred, and a roadmap to improving energy efficiency for the plant would be the key deliverables.


CHEE, MECH, others possible


Project 17) Biovail – Winnipeg (website) (Biovail merged with Valeant Pharmaceuticals in 2010)

PROJECT TITLE: Minimizing Variability on Product Quality

COMPANY: The Biovail Corporation ( is Canada's largest publicly traded pharmaceutical company. Biovail's business growth since the 1990s was driven by the development and large­scale manufacturing of pharmaceutical products incorporating oral drug-delivery technologies. Today, Biovail maintains a broad portfolio of proprietary drug-delivery technologies including controlled release, enhanced absorption, taste masking and oral disintegration technologies; all while working toward a new strategic focus which targets the development of pharmaceuticals for specialty CNS disorders.


The TEAM will visit the manufacturing facility (Steinbach, Manitoba) early in the Fall season to develop a thorough understanding of the situation. After the problem has been defined, an extensive testing procedure is to be developed for use in 2010. The TEAM will have the option to revisit the site to perform the tests, or communicate remotely with Biovail to perform them. Aspects of the test analysis will include observations, statistics, and future recommendations.

{more details are pending release of confidentiality from the company}

discipline mix ()


Project 18) Ontario East Wood Centre & Eco-Industrial Park

One or two projects from the list below will be chosen based on popular bid by students.

The Eastern Ontario Model Forest is an organization that is promoting the sustainable use of mixed hardwood forest for commercial endeavors.

Project -18-1) Biomass Derived Products

TEAM has been engaged to identify the leading business opportunities that would utilize chemical transformations of wood. An identification and evaluation of the processes for transforming wood biomass into salable products should be completed with considerations for:

- business immediacy,

- the geographical opportunities that would make the Edwardsburg Cardinal Township area an ideal location,

- the technical feasibility and readiness, including the chemistry robustness (i.e. range of operating temperatures, need for controlled atmospheres, selectivity, yield, etc.), and from the chemical engineering viewpoint.

- the potential synergies that exist with existing enterprises such as Greenfield Ethanol.

Where hurdles in scientific knowledge exist, they should be identified and categorized. The final product should identify the best candidates for new chemical industry in the area.

Suggested disciplines (Chemistry, CHEE, LAW, COMM) 

Project 18-2) Quality Control Testing Upgrade

Current subjective/visual tests for fusarium mould is highly subjective and now takes 45 minutes causing delay and backup as trucks lineup to unload; use of 10X magnification – “is that fusarium or not?” Greater accuracy, speedier testing benefit to brokers, harvesters, insurance companies and port.

Suggested disciplines (CHEE/BIO, Chemistry, etc.)

Project 18-3) Feasibility study for greenhouse operation

The GreenField Ethanol facility waste streams provides an opportunity to provide necessary raw materials for a greenhouse. In keeping with true eco-industrial standards, using heat and carbon dioxide, (by-products of the ethanol from corn plant: Greenfield Ethanol effluents) determine process, capital costs, crops such as fast growing tree species, hydroponically grown foods for regional consumption Benefits of the project include the reduction in green house gas emissions, reviewing fast-growing trees for plantations on suitable lands, and lower costs for operator.

Suggested disciplines (CHEE/BIO, Chemistry, COMM, MECH, etc.)


Project 19) City of Kingston

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment

The city of Kingston have engaged TEAM to determine if the city has pharmaceuticals in the influent to the wastewater plants, and to determine if the city's new treatment process has any effect on their removal.

(more details pending)


Project 20) Toronto Renewable Energy Co-operative - Toronto - (

About TREC

Now in its eleventh year of operation, TREC is best known as the builder of the Exhibition Place wind turbine, Canada's first renewable energy co-operative and first urban turbine in North America. TREC designed the community ownership structure, raised share capital and designed and issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) to build this $1.6 million project which began producing electricity in January 2003. Since then we have initiated a second wind energy co-op in Huron County with a local partner, completed a comprehensive study for a solar energy co-operative (which we expect to implement this year) and have, for the last two years, been running the Our Power project to encourage the uptake of solar energy systems in the residential sector. Building on the success of the 2005 Riverdale Initiative for Solar Energy (RISE), TREC has helped coordinate other successful community solar bulk buy projects in West Toronto (WISE), Harbord Village (DWSEP) and most recently RISE Again. TREC has provided speakers for public meetings, RFP document templates, a vendor selection matrix and contacts with reliable local vendors. TREC also operates a highly successful energy education program for students of all ages.

Project Description: 

Under the new Green Energy Act, the Toronto Renewable Energy Co-operative (TREC) is about to embark on several new community energy projects. One project we expect to be moving forward with in the coming month is our SolarShare project, a 250 kW rooftop solar co-operative in Toronto. We are seeking consulting services to help with a range of tasks on the project. Possible tasks may include: technical site assessment, developing a business plan, developing an investor prospectus and share offering statement, marketing plan, technology procurement and installation procedures. It is our intention that this installation be the first of many and the consultant would be expected to help produce materials that can be used to inform others wishing to carry out similar projects. The consulting team would work with the SolarShare project manager to deliver the required pieces.

Discipline Mix (all)


Other Types of Companies or Projects

Project 21) - Moved to end of list (was Regional Power) 


Project 22) IAMGOLD - Africa / Toronto

IAMGOLD is a leading mid-tier gold mining company producing approximately one million ounces from 7 mines on 3 continents. IAMGOLD is focused on growth with a target to reach 1.8 million ounces gold production by 2012. IAMGOLD is uniquely positioned with a strong financial base, together with the management and operations expertise to execute our aggressive growth objectives. IAMGOLD is focused in West Africa, the Guiana Shield of South America and in Quebec where it has a pipeline of development and exploration projects, while it continues to assess accretive acquisition opportunities with a strategic fit. IAMGOLD is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (“IMG”), the New York Stock Exchange (“IAG”) and the Botswana Stock Exchange. For more information please see:

Project Description:

The aim of this project will be to design a sustainable energy plan for IAMGOLD West Africa. 

With significant interests in major mines as well as several exploration projects in the region West Africa is an area of great importance to IAMGOLD. The investigation of different sorts of sustainable and renewable energy resources such as: Jatropha fuels, Biomass Gasification, Hydro, and Solar technologies will be of interest to the company. The team will make recommendations on how to proceed with energy plans in West Africa through the investigation of existing and planned infrastructure in the region. The team will also investigate potential trade-offs between centralized and decentralized sources of power for various IAMGOLD mining operations. In formulating the final design it will be vital for the team to assess the recommended course of action from a sustainability, technical, legal/political, and economic perspective.

This project would be of particular interest to students considering work with international development organizations, and may involve international travel to company mine sites. 

Recommended disciplines: Comm, Electrical Engineering, Chem Eng, Civil Eng, Devs, Law, Mech. Eng.

Project 23) NEXEN, Calgary AB (website)

Geothermal Energy Utilization

Nexen Inc. is an independent, Canadian-based global energy company that explores for, develops, produces and markets crude oil and natural gas. Nexen has built a unique portfolio of assets and opportunities that provide high-quality production, sustainable development and long-term exploration potential. Operations are focused in key basins including the North Sea, Alberta oil sands, deep-water Gulf of Mexico, offshore West Africa, and Yemen. Nexen has a market capitalization around $10 billion and trades on the Toronto and New York Stock Exchanges under the symbol NXY. Nexen conducts business in an honest, ethical manner and adheres to the highest standards of integrity when dealing with all stakeholders. Headquartered in Calgary, AB, Canada, Nexen employs 4,200 people worldwide. Visit for more information.

The Project

Nexen explores for shale gas in Western Canada. One of its shale gas opportunities may also be associated with a geothermal anomaly. Nexen would like to support a multidisciplinary, integrated and applied research project, essentially considering what opportunities could be made of the geothermal energy in this remote area, to assist the company in its ventures or, to support the local community. We welcome any conventional or out-of-the-box ideas or concepts that the geothermal energy be put to use for.

Ideally, several disciplines make up the team for this project including a:

1. chemical engineer
2. mechanical engineer
3. geologist – to assess the geothermal potential
4. a law student – to assess regulatory concern and working with First Nations
5. environmental engineer/scientist

Engineering and geological data will be provided by Nexen in Calgary. The team will be able to discuss the project with Nexen staff members, to better understand the problem and resolve small data or conceptual issues.

Students can expect to learn about geothermal energy, Canadian unconventional shale gas, putting place potential infrastructure in an isolated cold, wet climate.


It is expected that the final deliverable will included:
1. A printed report
2. A final presentation in Calgary

discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, GEO, COMM, LAW, ...)


Project 24) Axia - Calgary (website)

Service Development Process Project

Axia is a publicly traded company (TSX: AXX) that provides Real Broadband™ solutions through designing, building  and operating no conflict Open Access Networks (OAN) in Alberta and worldwide. OAN networks enable equal access to high quality, high capacity and cost effective connectivity, regardless of rural or urban locations. In today’s progressive economy, this innovative approach allows for all residential, business and industry sectors to access enhanced and interactive applications though these high speed broadband networks. Axia’s unique business model and solution was first implemented with the development of the Alberta SuperNet, connecting 4,200 government, learning, health, library and municipal facilities. As a result of this success, Axia has been actively involved in developing the networks for some of the most internationally commercialized nations in the telecommunication business: France and Singapore.

Project Description

Many companies follow a designated process for developing and delivering new services to their customers. Axia’s procedure for implementing a new service incorporates extensive market research, product development and execution. Axia continuously drives to be a world leader in these OAN and would benefit to gain insight into how world class companies are developing their products and services, in addition to the internal processes that are followed.  This research can be compared and contrasted against Axia’s existing model to evaluate the best approach to service development processes for Axia and its unique business model.

The objective of this project is to deliver a benchmark analysis of world class service development processes and to deliver a recommendation to Axia to help re-engineer the existing process in order to implement a best in class Service Development process.  Overall, this project entails designing a suitable process for developing new business services.

Key Deliverables

  • A recommended process for developing new services at Axia
  • A benchmark comparison to the “Best in Class” of industry standard in competing telecommunications companies. Typical approaches to new service development processes should be compared and contrasted against Axia’s existing model
  •  A recommended timeframe for the service development lifecycle, to include both key steps in the initial process and service enhancements
  • A description of the roles and responsibilities of employees involved in  the new service development process
  • A proposal of how service development will be measured effectively (cost, speed to market, user acceptance)
  • A cost analysis

Discipline Mix: 


Project 25) PowerStream - Toronto

One of the three projects will be executed based on popular bidding by students.

PowerStream, the second largest municipally-owned electricity distribution company in Ontario, delivering power to more than 315,000 residential and business customers in 11 Simcoe County and York Region communities including Alliston, Aurora, Barrie, Beeton, Bradford West Gwillimbury, Markham, Penetanguishene, Richmond Hill, Thornton, Tottenham and Vaughan.

The company, jointly owned by the municipalities of Barrie, Markham and Vaughan, is committed to providing its customers with safe, reliable and efficient service. We achieve this goal by focusing on operational efficiencies and procedures in order to minimize overhead costs and maximize the use of company assets.

Each of the projects below has scope that requires a strong technical and business analysis.

Project 25-1) Solar panel review

PowerStream is currently installing a solar PV array. This project will involve students having the opportunity to visit and work with the PowerStream engineers who are doing the installation to define the project.

It is possible that the project would involve studying the efficiency of the newly installed solar panel projects at PowerStream. Likely the project will involve a business component such as reviewing the business plan and any current installations and provide suggestions for improving the design to make the panels more efficient. 

Project 25-2) Spinning Reserves

Students will complete a business and technical feasibility study on using electricity from electric vehicle batteries as a spinning reserve. Spinning reserves are required to maintain grid reliability and are defined as a source of generation that can be relied on quickly to accommodate unexpected surges in demand, or loss of generation or transmission. With the expected future release of the Volt and other electric powered vehicles, the car batteries may be a suitable potential source of spinning reserves. There is a very strong business component to this project; in which students would look at the impact to the grid, partnerships that may need to be forged with key players such as the IESO and car manufacturers and the impact of having two way flow.

Project 26) Lafarge North America - Bath Ontario (link)

Carbon Sequestration through Wollastonite

Canadian Wollastonite is a company focused on the commercial development of a high grade wollastonite deposit located north of the St. Lawrence River in the eastern part of the Canadian province of Ontario. The size of the deposit is estimated at over nine million tons, and when it is fully developed, it will be the first active source of wollastonite production in Canada. Lafarge is the world leader in building materials, with top-ranking positions in all of its businesses: Cement, Aggregates & Concrete and Gypsum. In 2009 and for the fifth year in a row, Lafarge was listed in the ‘Global 100 Most Sustainable Corporations in the World’. With the world’s leading building materials research facility, Lafarge places innovation at the heart of its priorities, working for sustainable construction and architectural creativity. Lafarge owns and operates a large cement plant in Bath, Ontario just 30 minutes west of Kingston.

These two Companies are partnering together on an assessment of the use of Wollastonite and Diopside, two minerals present in the quarry north of Kingston, in an early stage conceptual process that, if commercialized, could be an economical and novel solution to climate change and other
environmental problems. The goal of the project is to explore the
reaction of carbon dioxide with mineral ores which sequester carbon dioxide as a net result of the process, to produce products with commercial value. The close proximity of these two facilities makes this an extremely unique opportunity for the Kingston area. There are no commercial facilities using this technology and the purpose of this TEAM project will be to investigate this technology and to assist in the development of a testing program.

Specific Deliverables include:

1. Literature review to characterize the chemistry of the reactions, define important variables ,and to develop a mass balance.
2. Lab scale testing to optimize the reaction and to assist in developing a pilot scale test.
3. Design of a real world pilot scale plant experiment at the Bath cement plant including reaction volumes, procedures, and variables to be measured and/or controlled.
4. A preliminary design and business case assessment.
5. A final report.

discipline mix (all)


Project 27) Queen's - Physical Plant Services - Kingston

{one or two projects from the list will be selected based on popular vote by TEAM participants}

Queen’s University, Physical Plant Services, uses engineering, science and business consultants to help with the many challenges it faces. At any one time there may be literally dozens of outside consultants working on University problems. Through the TEAM program we are able to give you real life experiences on how we interact with consultants. 

27 -1) Geothermal Heating and Cooling

The University is interested in low temperature geothermal heating and cooling systems as a means to reduce campus energy costs. The technology usually consists of heat pumps connected to piping loops placed either vertically or horizontally in the ground. A number of these systems have been installed in Ontario educational buildings including an elementary school in Kingston. Physical Plant Services would like to understand the economics of these systems. What are the capital and operating costs? How much land/building space is required? Are there practical limits to size? Are there government incentive programs? The focus is to be on the economics with a life cycle cost analysis.

27 -2) Grey Water Use

Grey water consists of wastewater from lavatories, showers, bathtubs, washing machines, sinks and other domestic activities that do not involve human waste, food processing or the disposal of hazardous or toxic substances. How can the University use grey water as a replacement for potable water in landscape irrigation and for the flushing of toilets and urinals? What capital investment would be required? What is the anticipated savings in water and sewer costs? Is treatment necessary? How is the optimum storage determined? How is it made consistently available? Reuse systems are not currently well defined by building and health codes. What are the code requirements? What permits are required? The focus is to be on the economics with a life cycle cost analysis

27 -3) Green and Sustainable

Being green and practicing sustainability is not necessarily the same thing. For the University, being green usually means following the practices of one of the three main green building rating systems with LEED being the most popular. Also, for the University sustainability means meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. LEED is focussed on reducing energy consumption and the emissions related to its use. For the American Institute of Architects and the University the focus of sustainability is on life cycle cost analysis: considering both the capital and operating costs when evaluating solutions. PPS would like to explore the differences between “green” and “sustainable” and the impact these differences have on the University, our community and the world.

27 -4) Absorption Chillers for Air Conditioning

In 2007, the University, in partnership with Kingston General Hospital, completed the installation of a highly efficient and low emission cogeneration facility that provides both electricity and steam heat for the campus and hospital. During the warmer months when the demand for electricity is high full use cannot be made of the facility, as the need for heat is low. One option is the use of absorption chillers that generate chilled water for air conditioning using steam rather than electricity. PPS would like to explore the possibilities of providing the hospital with steam for new absorption chillers. An increase in steam production would then allow an increase in electricity generation. This is to be an economic study requiring an analysis of existing costs for generating steam and electricity and their sensitivity to changes. It would also involve an analysis of the economics of chilled water production with steam vs. electricity.

(Further details of other projects are contained in this (link))

suggested discipline mix (chem, mech, others)


Project 28) Recapture Metals - Peterborough (website)

About Recapture Metals:

Recapture produces, reclaims, refines and markets high value niche metals and their compounds which are primarily used in the wireless, LED, flat panel, solar and catalyst industries. Recapture's current commercial product lines include gallium and indium and it is in the process of commercializing a rhenium recycling operation. With operations in Canada, the United States and Germany, Recapture has approximately 65 employees. Recapture Metals has recently been acquired by Neo Material Technologies which is a producer, processor and developer of neodymium-iron-boron magnetic powders, rare earths and zirconium based engineered materials. The core technical strengths at Recapture are in inorganic chemistry and hydrometallurgy and our plants operate cutting edge processes found in few other industries.

Project #28-1:

The Peterborough plant operates several solvent extraction circuits. The aim of this project is to model the circuits so that a useful predictive tool is developed for the operations group. Phenomena that will be explored will include mass transfer, distribution coefficients, extraction isotherms, co-extraction, the effect of different leaching systems, solvent degradation, irreversible loading, mixing times etc.. As a recycler we process feeds with varying compositions and impurities that could have detrimental effects on the circuit or result in unexpected extraction chemistry. Having a predictive model will allow for ideal operating parameters to be established for feeds that have unique extraction properties. In addition the project may also look at what types of automation may assist or be required for the model – flow totalizers, flow meters, conductivity probes etc.. It is anticipated that some lab work could be required to determine the distribution coefficients of different species and potential interactions in solutions containing multiple elements. Test work can be executed by Recapture lab staff.

The deliverables for the project will include the model itself (simulation software yet to be determined) a report on methods used to prepare the model including a literature search on solvent degradation, other solvent systems and other relevant solvent extraction issues. The details on lab work performed including interpretation and conclusions should also be included.

Project #28-2:

One of the unit operations at the Napanee plant is an ion exchange column. The aim of this project is to also model the system and explore the phenomena that effect extraction performance. Issues to be taken into account in the model would include, but are not limited to mass transfer, distribution coefficients, extraction isotherms, co-extraction, the effect of leaching chemistry options available up stream of the IX columns, resin attrition, irreversible loading, etc.. The rhenium recycling process has reasonably consistent leaching chemistry but variations in feed are present and the capability to model the system performance and optimize recovery is critical.

The deliverables for the project will include the model itself (simulation software yet to be determined) a report on methods used to prepare the model including a literature search on ion exchange, leaching technology and possible recommendations for system improvements. The details of any lab work performed including interpretation and conclusions should also be included in the report.

discipline mix (CHEE, MECH, CHEM, ...)


Project 29 - Cameco Corporation - Port Hope (website)

Development of a New UF4 Production Process

Introduction: Cameco Corporation’s fuel conversion facility in Port Hope produces uranium hexafluoride, UF6, as an intermediate product in the nuclear fuel cycle. The production of UF6 requires the reaction of uranium tetrafluoride, UF4, with elemental fluorine, F2. Uranium tetrafluoride is produced by contacting uranium dioxide, UO2, with hydrogen fluoride, HF, in a ‘wet-way’ process. The ‘wet-way’ process was developed by Cameco and implemented in 1982, and it produces a UF4 powder that is amenable to fluorination and is highly efficient in its use of HF.

The Challenge: The TEAM is being asked to determine the technical and economic feasibility of redesigning the ‘wet-way’ circuit to take advantage of recent advancements in the powder characteristics of the uranium oxide feed materials. It is expected that the uranium oxides with enhanced characteristics would have improved reaction kinetics when contacted with hydrogen (UO3 to UO2, reduction) or with HF (UO2 to UF4, hydrofluorination). This would be a replacement of an existing technology in an existing, operating plant.

Potential Benefits: Reduced footprint for the ‘wet-way’ circuit, reduced material handling, improved safety and reliability, reduced operating costs, opportunity for expansion

Potential Disciplines: Chemical engineering, cost engineering, environmental science/engineering, project management, legal? (licensing technologies, code compliance, regulatory issues)

Project 30) Ontario Power Generation - Toronto (website)

As part of its plan to develop additional hydroelectric capacity, Ontario Power Generation (OPG) is considering development of the Little Jackfish (LJF) River, which is located 200 kilometres northeast of Thunder Bay. The development would consist of two new generating stations along the LJF River, with an approximate name plate capacity of 100 megawatts. See attached location map.

OPG map 


Although both generating stations will be operated remotely and will not require any permanent on-site operations staff, OPG is assessing the feasibility of constructing a separate, but permanent maintenance and administration facility that would be sited adjacent to one of the generating stations.

This would provide a functional facility for OPG staff and visitors who must long travel distances to access the generating stations from surrounding centres of Thunder Bay and Nipigon. The facility will provide a wide range of purposes that may include: meeting spaces, kitchen facilities, overnight sleeping quarters, computer room, space for maintenance work and a temporary presentation centre for staff and visitors during the initial year of commissioning and operation and as an ongoing resource for the plant group over the expected 100 year life of the project.

TEAM Opportunity:

The Queens TEAM shall assist OPG in assessing the feasibility of constructing a functional and sustainable facility that balances economic, environmental and cultural factors. The key challenge for the Queens TEAM will be in identifying and assessing specific innovations and state of the art features in sustainable building design that would be practical and suitable to the northern climate and remote environment. This includes, but is not limited to, considerations for energy and water consumption, materials sourcing and usage, full life cycle design and incorporation of Aboriginal design principles. This feasibility study shall include evaluations of technical merit, environmental performance and cultural appropriateness.

Project 31) Dynaplas - Toronto ( (

Dynaplas Ltd is a leading high-precision injection moulder of complex, plastic components manufactured using highly-engineered, specialty resins. The Company designs, engineers, tests and manufactures technologically advanced vehicle components sold primarily to global Tier I automotive suppliers.

The Company was founded in 1985 where a niche in the market was identified for an integrated, high precision plastic injection moulder that could provide state-of-the-art design/engineering, tooling and injection moulding.

Our success is driven by our commitment and close working relationships with our customers. Quick response times and the capability for real-time decision-making are other areas where DynaPlas excels. Many of our customers take advantage of our design and engineering expertise and get Dynaplas involved up-front at the conceptual design phase.

We are a world-class supplier shipping to locations such as Korea, China, Europe (Austria, Poland, Germany), Canada, USA, and Brazil, and believe that a continued investment in people, technologies, and innovative processes will contribute to our sustained growth and success. 

Project Description

dynaplas paddle

With the new Crystal X paddle we are selling we are looking at the next generation of improvements. These may be in the form of a “glowing” paddle (Lit up with LEDS), 2 colour blades, as well as optimizing blade shape, surface shape, and textures on the back and front (golf ball dimples?, macro, micro?, hydrophobic, hydrophilic coatings and effects). Drag, Torque, and Flutter, weight, strength are all important.

Paddle Dynamics

We are interested in developing surface treatments and shapes to the line of paddle products that we manufacture. These investigations are pursued in order to make paddling more efficient. The geometry of the blade design as well as the surface shape and texture (surface coatings, micro and macro textures) have an effect on how efficient the paddle propels the kayak through the water. Please see H2O Performance Paddles website for a view of the type of product we design and manufacture.

Project 32) Worldwide Logistics Specialists Inc.- Solar Farm Business Plan - Kingston

Worldwide Logistics Specialists Inc.

Worldwide Logistics Specialists Inc. was founded in 1995 in Kingston, and is a small consulting company providing training and expertise in emergency operations management, community reconstruction, capacity building and logistics support to UN agencies, peacekeeping operations, NGOs and governments. The company through its experts has provided services to the Pearson Peacekeeping Training Centre, UNWFP, and the Canadian Red Cross among others, working in Canada and abroad.

WLS Inc. would like to set the example of what is possible regarding self-sustaining business operations and evaluate the creation of renewable energy as carbon offsets for the air travel and carbon consumption of its office and experts in carrying out their business related activities. The company is planning to move with its owner to a new location in Kingston, to an off-grid building and home. The generation of power and the sale of renewable energy is a critical element of the move.

Solar Farm – opportunity?

Worldwide Logistics Specialists Inc. would like to investigate renewable energy opportunities under new Provincial legislation that would enable it to produce and sell power to Hydro One. The company needs assistance in the evaluation of the potential it has in using land available for energy production and the creation of a business plan that compiles all the financial and technical information needed to begin the process of soliciting for venture capital for the contracting of construction of a solar farm.

Challenges will be:

• Identifying the right solar technology and its availability, as well as meeting the criteria of Hydro One and municipal zoning regulations;

• Minimizing land use and maximizing energy production while meeting critical financial milestones; and
• Enabling farming activities to remain viable on the land for the tenant farmer.

discipline (CHEE, MECH, COMM, LAW..)


Project 33) Atomic Energy Canada Ltd.- CANDU Steam Supply for Oil Sands Application(website)



Alberta’s oil sands deposits are the second largest oil deposit in the world, containing approximately 174 billion barrels (bbl) of oil (28 billion m3) of economically recoverable oil, and have emerged as the fastest growing, soon to be dominant, source of crude oil in Canada. The oil sands industry currently produces about half of Western Canadian crude production.

Traditional open-pit mining has been used by the industry for many years to remove oil sands from shallow deposits. About 20% of the deposit (35 billion bbl) is believed to be surface recoverable and most of the projects in place have exploited this more easily accessible resource. However, most of the reserve is located deep underground. To increase production capacity, the industry is looking for new technology to exploit bitumen from the deep deposits. Among them, Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) appears to be the most promising approach, which uses steam to remove bitumen from underground reservoirs. This in-situ recovery process has been put into commercial operation by major oil companies. The product of both processes is bitumen that needs to be upgraded in order to achieve a quality comparable to crude oils extracted using conventional methods.

Overall, for both extraction methodologies, a significant amount of energy is required to extract bitumen and upgrade it to synthetic crude oil as the feedstock for oil refineries. Currently, the industry uses natural gas as the prime energy source for bitumen extraction and upgrading. As oil sands production continues to expand, the energy required for production becomes a great challenge with regard to economic sustainability, environmental impact and security of supply. With this background, the opportunity for nuclear reactors to provide an economical, reliable and virtually zero-emission source of energy for the oil sands becomes very important.

Project Problem Description:

ACR (Advanced CANDU Reactor) -1000 nuclear plants produce secondary steam at 6.0 MPa of pressure and 99.7% of steam quality, at the outlet steam generators (SGs). For nuclear safety reason, the steam produced in the SG has to be restricted inside the nuclear plant boundary. Therefore, intermediate heat exchangers (saline boilers) are required to use the secondary steam to produce tertiary steam that is delivered to SAGD facility. The intermediate heat exchangers are required also because of the high salinity contents contained in the feedwater. For this reason, they are called saline boilers.

The tertiary steam will be distributed to certain number of well-heads that spread in a area which could be as large as 15 km in diameter. The SAGD process requires certain steam pressure at well-heads, usually 3~3.5 MPa during normal operation.

Most SAGD Projects are developed in phases with each phase between 10,000 bpd (barrel per day) and 50,000 bpd, and SOR (Steam to Oil Ratio – Steam volume is defined as cold-water-equivalent, which means use the density of 1000 kg/m3 in determining the steam quantity) of 2.5. The returned water from the Oil Sands operation is at 170 deg.C.

The capacity of an ACR-1000 plant may not match the scale of a particular SAGD project, which requires the plant designer to consider a combined method to utilize the ACR-1000 capacity properly (e.g. steam and electricity co-generation).

The design of saline boilers, including their type and design conditions (the tertiary steam pressure at the outlet of the saline boilers), have impact on the economics of the project.

Primary Objectives:

1. For a SAGD project chosen by students, to decide a combined method to utilize nuclear energy from an ACR-1000 plant;
2. To select a saline boiler design which fits the requirements of the application and tolerates high salinity in the feedwater;
3. To determine the impact of the steam pressure at the outlet of saline boilers on the plant cost.


When choosing a combined utilizing the nuclear energy from an ACR-1000 plant, the phased development of the SAGD facility has to be taken into consideration.

When decide the impact of the steam pressure at the outlet of saline boilers on the cost, the following aspects must be considered:
1. The cost of the steam distribution line;
2. The cost of the saline boilers and potential suppliers;
3. A search for any relevant designs and operating experience at other industrial plants worldwide
4. Any other aspects that have considerable impacts on the cost;
5. A case comparison between at least two steam pressures is expected.

Optional Assessment Aspects:

Other plant users for CANDU generated steam or electricity
Means of utilizing waste heat for industrial or residential heating in the vicinity of the plant.

AECL Inputs:

Plant configuration and steam cycle conditions of ACR-1000
Other information will be provided as required.


A proprietary report to AECL that encompasses design requirements, an assessment of aforementioned aspects with options, analysis of key variables and how they affect cost, proposed design and layout of steam distribution system and components.



Project 34) Atomic Energy Canada Ltd.- Nuclear District Heating (website)


Nuclear District Heating


It is known that common nuclear power plants have an efficiency coefficient of only about 30 percent (newer power plants may increase this up to middle 30s%). This means that twice the amount of electrical energy that it produces is lost to the environment. 

In nuclear reactors, water is heated to power first high pressure turbines, followed by low pressure turbines, where a part of the energy is converted into electricity. Extraction steam from turbines can be used as the heating source of a district heating network of residence and office buildings. This will have the following advantages:

1. Reducing the CO2 emission by replacing the fossil fuel with the emission-free nuclear energy;
2. The heat/electricity cogeneration will increase the thermal efficiency of nuclear plants.

A district heating network using nuclear energy is the same as the conventional heating networks in general. Due to the rigorous safety requirements for the nuclear industry, there may be additional issues need to be taken into the consideration. The whole system may need to be backed by an emergency heating station and a connection with the neighbouring district’s heating system because of the possible un-planned shutdown of the nuclear plant. This guarantees the availability of energy even in the case of nuclear reactors being switched off.

Project Problem Description:

The technical feasibility and economics of a district heating network project depends on many factors, for example, the heating load requirements, the heating source’s flexibility to meet user’s requirement in various time periods. A successful project must take all the major factors into the consideration at the onset of the project. As nuclear district heating is still in its infant stage in Canada, there is no existing standard to guide the selection of both the user and the nuclear reactor type.

This project will aim at establishing criteria in selecting the suitable customer and nuclear power reactor for district heating network.

This study would assess various types of nuclear reactors (CANDU 6 reactors, Advanced CANDU reactors (ACR), etc.) for district heating purposes.

Primary Objectives:

• Doing a survey regarding residence and office building heating requirements, with respect to:
i. heating duration in a year
ii. typical required capacity (thermal power)
iii. the typical method used by district heating (hot water or else) and their specific requirements on heat media (e.g., water temperature)

• Establishing criteria to select a site for nuclear district heating, which should include, but is not restricted to:
i. Environmental consideration
ii. Nuclear safety consideration
iii. Economic consideration

• Establishing criteria to select a nuclear reactor for district heating, which should include, but is not restricted to:
i. Capacity of reactor
ii. Type of reactor
iii. Category of nuclear plant (heat only of co-generation)
iv. Licensibility
v. Economics

• Performing a literature survey regarding the nuclear reactor (licensed or under development), and based on the criteria, recommend them in an order of preferred technologies.
• Using the established criteria, select a community as a potential user of nuclear district heating, and a reactor as the source of the heating.
• Assess the technical feasibility, environmental impact, and economics of the recommended project.
• The criteria have to be provided in the order of relevance;
• The final recommendation of the nuclear district heating project has to cover all the concerns listed in the criteria.

AECL Inputs:

General technical information of CANDU 6 and Advanced CANDU Reactors will be provided as required.


A proprietary report to AECL that encompasses design requirements, an assessment of aforementioned aspects with options, analysis of key variables and how they affect cost, proposed design and layout of district heating system and components.


Project 35 ) Canadian Wollastonite - (

discipline (CHEM, CHEE, MECH, COMM, ...)

Project 36) Casco - Cardinal (

Heavy Steep Water Drying Process – Front End Loading (FEL)


Casco Cardinal is looking to develop and front end a project to dry heavy steep water into a powder. The project needs to investigate to determine the most cost effective method for achieving steep water powder, for example freeze drying, spray drying etc. Once the different methodologies have been selected and validated by lab testing, then the team will take the project through Casco’s front end loading process (FEL). This is a rigorous method for scoping, defining and estimating a process project.


The first stage in a corn wet milling facility is steeping the corn. The steep water left over from this process is very high in protein but difficult to handle or turn into an readily useable protein substance – powder. An efficient cost effect process for creating steep powder would expand Casco’s options for turning this high protein into revenue.


1. Evaluation of options based on effectiveness, energy consumption, and operating and capital costs.
2. Validate the top couple of options using lab testing or suitable piloting.
3. Perform the scoping study and front end loading to confirm the economic viability of the project.


1. Process investigation and design using evaporators, condensers, spray dryers, freeze dryers etc.
2. Process analysis in the lab or small pilot plant.
3. Capital cost engineering using a rigorous front end loading methodology and following accepted association for the advancement of cost engineering (AACE) practices.



Project 37) Petrobank - Calgary & Weyburn, Saskatchewan

The current gas plant is processing approximately 220 e3m3/d of raw, liquids rich, gas at the inlet. The natural gas liquids are stripped out and trucked to market, the dry gas sent via pipeline to sales. Under the existing plant configuration the plant is full and the liquids product is off spec due to excess ethane. The purpose of the project is to look at modifications or expansions of different parts of the process to allow for processing of 350 e3m3/d of raw gas at the inlet and still make a spec liquids product.


Project 38) Regional Power - Toronto - ( )

Regional Power Inc., a subsidiary of Manulife Financial, has been in the business of developing, building, refurbishing and operating hydroelectric power plants for over 20 years.

Currently, Regional operates six hydro plants with a total generating capacity of 36 megawatts. Regional has six hydroelectric development sites with associated power purchase agreements at various stages of development, three of which are located in British Columbia (Bear Creek, Long Lake and Ucona River), one in Quebec (in the Town of Anglier) and two located on White River in Northern Ontario (Gitchi Animki Bizhig and Gitchi Animki Niizh). When completed, the aggregate capacity of the six developments will total 123.5 MW

Project 38 -1)

Green Power Study - Investigate the development environment surrounding green power in North America, with a focus on hydroelectric; including initiatives, requirements (including permitting), challenges, etc.

Project 38-2)

Older Hydroelectric Facilities Study - Investigate and compile a list of older hydroelectric facilities in North America (private, utility owned, [small] public, etc.) and opportunities for redevelopment and/or expansion (including adding pump storage capabilities); and investigate suitability with respect to green power initiatives.

Project 38-3)

Hydroelectric Flow Loss Modelling - Develop a program to compute total system headloss for an intake channel, intake structure, tunnel (various configurations, excavation methods, etc.) and/or penstock (various sizes, bends, etc.), powerhouse, and tailrace; with an interface for easy manipulation of inputs.

Project 38-4)

Hydroelectric Energy Modelling - Develop a program to compute total system energy generation for a facility with storage (i.e. a reservoir), buffering (i.e. discharge collection and controlled release), given headloss curve, turbines (inputs to be obtained as part of project), generation, and transmission; with a interface for easy manipulation of inputs.

Project 38-5)

Bear Hydroelectric Project Intake Sedimentation - Build a scale model and/or computer simulation model to predict/determine headpond and intake channel sedimentation amounts and deposit zones, and amounts and characteristics of sediments passing though the conveyance.

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