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2010-2011 Project List

Project 1) Shell Canada - Calgary -


Shell has been operating in Canada since 1911, and is now one of the country’s largest integrated oil and gas companies. Headquartered in Calgary Alberta, Shell Canada employs more than 8,200 people across Canada and represented nearly a third of all global recruitment in 2008. Currently, Shell Canada holds approximately 30% of Royal Dutch Shell’s global resource base and is continually looking for innovative ways to increase energy supplies while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. ( )

2010/2011 PROJECT

Consistent with Shell’s history of pursuing innovative energy supplies, this project will examine the possibility of using a surprising alternative fuel. There are abundant supplies of the candidate fuel, a fuel that does not contain carbon. Use of this compound as a combustion fuel presents environmental challenges that currently preclude its use. Use of this candidate fuel in an environmentally and socially acceptable manner could be a “game changer” in energy use for some heavy industrial sectors. Potential advantages of this fuel include virtually zero GHG emissions, low energy cost and potentially marketable by-products. Resolving the challenges inherent in this candidate fuel will require the application of existing and proven technologies as well as emerging technologies along with innovative thinking on behalf of the TEAM participants. Shell will identify technologies that could conceivably be used to mitigate all of the issues that prevent this fuel from being used today.
This concept is potentially patentable therefore details will not be discussed on this website. 


Prepare a written report and accompanying presentation providing a screening level engineering, economic (CAPEX/OPEX) and regulatory analysis of the idea and discusses:

• A review of the technologies identified by Shell as well as additional innovations provided by TEAM that could facilitate the use of the candidate fuel in a sustainable manner
• A design for a commercial scale unit using the candidate fuel, likely a steam generator 
• Potential markets and capacity of the potential markets to absorb the by-products generated by use of the candidate fuel and conceptual understanding of related economics
• Disposal options should the study determine by-product markets do not exist or lack capacity
• The patent prospects for the idea
• Identify and recommend next steps

Discipline mix: CHEE, MECH, LAW, COMM


Project 2) Perpetual Energy (formerly Paramount Energy Trust) - Calgary - (

Perpetual Energy Inc 
Project Title: Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV)

Perpetual Energy Inc. is an independent energy company producing primarily natural gas with growing volumes of oil and liquids from properties in Alberta, Canada. Perpetual Energy launched on July 1, 2010 through the corporate conversion of Paramount Energy Trust, a royalty trust with a seven-year history as a premium-yielding investment in the royalty trust sector.

Stability Bold New ventures 

Perpetual Energy exists to be the energy investment of choice, generating sustainable, premium after-tax returns. Our asset base is well suited to the distribution of cash flow in the form of dividends, while reinvesting to sustain production and to generate growth from resource-style plays where evolving technologies are unlocking vast new sources of oil and natural gas.

Project Description: 

Typically, produced natural gas is sold via pipeline to industrial, residential and commercial consumers as a direct product with many end-users. Recent significant declines in natural gas prices have led Perpetual to investigate other potential value-added markets for natural gas. 
The TEAM will need to investigate and recommend the costs and benefits for PEI to convert its fleet vehicles to Natural Gas. This analysis includes: NGV in North America, PEI’s fleet, companies with NGV fleet vehicles, user satisfaction surveys. This TEAM project is a follow-up to a Queen's TEAM project in 2009/10. Perpetual is looking for a more detailed analysis plus feedback from actual users on the pros/cons of NGV.

Key Deliverables: 

• Survey of companies that have NGV 
• Survey of advantages/disadvantages of NOV from the people who drive NGV at the companies 
• Survey of PEI field personnel on pro/cons and concerns 
• Conversion Costs, Analysis of PEI fleet 
• Filling Station Design at a public place and PEI facility

TEAM Discipline Mix: 

Chemical Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Economics, Marketing,

Law (Probably, need to confirm with client)

Perpetual  Discipline Mix:

Gas Marketing, Production Engineering


Project 3) - Placeholder


Project 4) - Placeholder


Project 5) Chemistry Industry Association of Canada - Ottawa (

Marketing Plan for Applying Responsible Care to the Canadian Bio-economy

The Chemistry Industry Association of Canada (formerly the Canadian Chemical Producers' Association - CCPA) is the voice of Canada's business of chemistry. The Association represents over 50 companies and Responsible Care® partners ranging from five to 5,000 employees that operate in the chemistry industry.

Historically representing the interests of Canada’s chemical producers, CIAC (formerly the Canadian Chemical Producers Association) now places an emphasis on representing the needs and interests of companies across the entire chemistry value chain. For the past 25 years, Responsible Care® has formed the foundation for CIAC’s efforts on behalf of the industry. The chemistry industry's commitment to sustainability - the betterment of society, the environment and the economy, and the ethic and principles of Responsible Care compels companies to innovate for safer and more environmentally friendly products and processes, and to work cooperatively to identify and eliminate harm throughout the entire life cycle of their products. These emphases - on new players in the chemistry value chain, and on innovation in support of sustainability – point to an increased importance for biotechnology in CIAC’s future activities. And, although it is well understood in the context of traditional organic and inorganic chemical production, the applicability and benefits of Responsible Care have not yet been fully analysed and articulated in the context of existing and emerging biotechnology production processes and activities.

The project will deliver, to CIAC, a marketing plan for extending the application of Responsible Care to relevant components of the Canadian bioeconomy and as a tool to support member recruitment as CIAC seeks to extend its representation across the entire chemistry value chain.

discipline mix: CHEE, COMM, BIO, LAW


Project 6) Polycorp - Elora On.

Development of New Rubber Compounds:

Polycorp Ltd is a privately owned Canadian Company that specializes in the design and manufacture of engineered elastomeric parts that provide our customers with cost effective solutions to their corrosion, abrasion, impact, noise and vibration problems in the Mining, Transportation and Protective Linings industries.

To service the Transportation sector, Polycorp produces a wide variety of polymeric embedded track isolation systems that prolong the lifespan of a road surface while reducing the effects of destructive impact and vibration, stray electrical currents and excessive rail noise. Shaped to match the exact contours of the rail, Polycorp’s Epflex Railseal also protects the crossing against surface water and other contaminants. 
Polycorp guarantees Epflex Railseal to be usable for at least two crossing rehabilitations, which translates to a lower cost per year in crossing maintenance when amortized over the life of the product.

These products are produced using an EPDM based rubber compound. In the past year, raw material prices have increased by over 20%. A major concern for the company is that as raw material prices increase, other not in kind solutions become more competitive.
The company is interested in reducing the cost of the Epflex Railseal formulation it is currently using, while at the same time maintaining product performance and physical properties. Therefore, the project involves the development, evaluation and costing of alternate railseal formulations. In addition to working with Polycorp personnel, students will collaborate with J.S. Parent and R.A. Whitney of Queen’s University to mix, cure, and test these formulations using the newly commissioned Polymer Processing Laboratory in Dupuis Hall. This compounding and physical testing data, coupled with detailed cost estimates, will be used to assess the commercial viability potential new Polycorp technology.

Discipline mix: CHEE, MECH, No Law

Project 7) Cameco - Port Hope - (

Options for Waste Heat Rejection In Nuclear Fuel Conversion Facility

Introduction: Cameco's Port Hope conversion facility is one of only four uranium conversion facilities in the western world. The facility converts purified uranium trioxide (UO3) to uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and uranium dioxide (UO2). These are intermediate products required in the production of fuel for light water and CANDU type heavy water nuclear reactors. One of the requirements of the operations at the site is a cooling water stream used to cool process streams and equipment.

The cooling water is supplied from both Lake Ontario surface water and from the local municipal water treatment plant. Both sources of cooling water are used on a on a once through basis, monitored and discharged back into the lake. To reduce the effect of the operations on the environment, one of the key areas to focus on is to reduce the discharge temperature of this cooling water.

The Challenge: The TEAM is being asked to provide design options with cost/benefit analysis to provide waste heat rejection capacity for the process equipment on site. Current and proposed legislated discharge criteria will need to be met as well as any location constraints.

Potential Benefits: Reduced environmental impact and improved plant operation.

Potential Disciplines: Chemical/civil/mechanical engineering, law (licensing technologies, code compliance, regulatory issues)


Project 8) 3M Canada – Occupational Health & Environmental Safety Division - Brockville, ON

Development of a Process to Manufacture Respiratory Filter Material

3M is a global technology company that has operations in more than 60 countries with laboratories in 34.  3M’s Occupational Health & Environmental Safety Division is a leading designer and manufacturer of respiratory protection products for the health care, industrial, first responder and the military markets.  Our Brockville Site houses a research and development laboratory, quality assurance laboratory, a filter manufacturing plant and a carbon treatment plant.  Treated activated carbon is used in respiratory protection products to remove toxic gases and vapours from air. The carbon treated in Brockville is used in 3M plants globally to manufacture such respiratory protection filters.

Today, 3M’s carbon treatment plant relies primarily on batch processing. The purpose of the proposed project is to develop a new continuous carbon treatment process that would be capable of handling potentially hazardous chemistries different from those employed in our plant today.  To be successful, the new process must be capable of making high quality treated carbon with very low process variability at a competitive price. In addition, the process must be compliant with 3M’s safety and environmental policies. At the end of this project it would be desirable for 3M to have the information necessary to assess whether or not to fund installation of this new facility as designed by the project team.

The project output should include:

1. Layout & Specification for the new carbon treatment process

2. Description and ranking of each idea considered

3. Energy requirements of the new process.

4. Type and quantity of waste generated

5. Capital costs

6. Estimated cost of the final treated carbon product

7. Summary, conclusions and recommendations.

No Law


Project 9) DuPont Canada - Kingston - (

DuPont R&D in Kingston, Ontario has a long history of process development and scale-up for many businesses in the global DuPont corporation. 
There is an opportunity to further improve our process development capabilities by adding fully contained solids handling to existing or new pilot plant facilities. TEAM is tasked with reviewing process equipment available on the market and relevant for pilot scale equipment in the areas of dispensing, reactor charge preparation, charging / unloading reactors, filtration, drying and packaging. In order to rank several technologies, a list of factors should be developed in collaboration with DuPont. Such factors could include for example: The cost of the equipment, the containment class ,whether it can be scaled to larger vessels, etc...Once this review is complete, TEAM will be expected to recommend a design.

discipline mix (all, no Law)


Project 10) Agrium - Fort Saskatchewan AB - ( )

One of the two Agrium projects will be run this year. Selection will occur through the bidding process.

Project #1 - Agrium Fort Saskatchewan TEAM Project

Agrium’s Fort Saskatchewan Nitrogen Operations (FNO) is located approximately 20 km northeast of Edmonton, Alberta. The site produces 1200 mtpd of anhydrous ammonia, 1250 mtpd of granular urea and approximately 300 mtpd of aqueous ammonia.

There is an opportunity for a TEAM group to investigate opportunities to reduce water consumption at Agrium’s Fort Saskatchewan Nitrogen Operations. This project is directly aligned Agrium’s current Emissions Reduction & Energy Conservation (ER&EC) initiatives.

Water is supplied from the North Saskatchewan River and used in the nitrogen based fertilizer production processes. There is increasing political pressure in Alberta for industry to reduce the amount of water removed from the North Saskatchewan River, as well as the amount and quality of the effluent returned, however there have been no official water use regulations implemented to date. The goal of this project is to evaluate potential water conservation project opportunities to reduce the site’s overall water usage.

Project Objectives:

• Validate the existing FNO Water Balance
• Identify feasible water conservation opportunities
• Complete Economic and Life Cycle Cost Analyses for the water conservation opportunities identified

Possible Areas of Focus:

• Jacket Water Recovery – BFW quality stream used as a cooling utility, currently overflows to the process sewer system
• Lime Sludge Pond – reduce the flow rate and contamination of the incoming waste streams, to ultimately reduce flow of treated wastewater to the river
• Deepwell Disposal Effluent – reduce (or eliminate?) flow of contaminated water to the deepwell
• Cooling Water Blowdown – currently discharges to the process effluent sewer
• Alternate water supply and/or reuse opportunities

CHEE, MECH, Law = probably not


Project 11) Agrium - Fort Saskatchewan AB - ( )

One of the two Agrium projects will be run this year. Selection will occur through the bidding process.

Project #2 Agrium Corporate TEAM Project

Agrium has several fertilizer production plants located in Alberta. All of the fertilizer manufacturing processes generate wastewater streams that must be dealt with prior to being re-introduced to the environment. One method the plants currently use to dispose of the wastewater is to deepwell the contaminated water streams. This method is used by both the Fort Saskatchewan and Redwater plants, while the Carseland plant uses several evaporation ponds and irrigation fields to dispose of their wastewater. This project will examine alternatives to sending these contaminated water streams to either the deepwells or evaporation ponds.

Project Objectives

• Evaluate alternative technologies to reduce the amount of wastewater directed to the deepwells and evaporation ponds
• Complete economic and life cycle analyses of all suitable processes identified

All, Law = future regulations.

Project 12) Nexen - Calgary - (

Power Generation For Electromagnetic Oil Sands Process

Nexen is a Canadian-based energy company with operations in strategic locations around the world including the North Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, offshore West Africa, Canada, Yemen and Colombia. With more than 4,000 employees worldwide, our primary offices are located in Calgary, Dallas, Uxbridge and Aberdeen.

Nexen is currently conducting research to investigate the use of electromagnetic heating to recover insitu oil sands in Northeastern Alberta. This alternative approach would eliminate the requirement to generate steam using water and natural gas resulting in a significant reduction in GHG. Should this technology be proven to be techncially viabile, its application would require a significant change or modification to the current industrial infrastructure including power generation and/or distribution.

A feasibility study is required to investigate the technical, economic, environment, socio-economic and regulatory impact of various electrical power generation sources that could be considered to sustain commerical-scale electromagnetic heating. The sponsor will provide all required technical guidelines for undertaking the study.

Disciplines: All


Project 13) Provident Energy - Sarnia / Calgary- (

Salt Cavern Brine Handling

Provident Midstream is a world class Natural Gas Liquids and commercial services business that operates world class extraction, gathering, transportation, storage and fractionation facilities, primarily located in western Canada. 

Provident Energy's Corunna Terminal (Sarnia area) uses salt caverns to store Natural Gas Liquids (NGL's) underground. This type of storage involves storing the NGL in a layer of salt, deep underground. The hole underground, or cavern, has to always be liquid filled- either the cavern is full of propane (or another NGL) or brine. When filling the cavern with NGL, the brine present in the cavern is displaced to surface ponds. In southwestern Ontario, rainfall exceeds evaporative weather; this means that in any given year, the volume of brine in surface ponds increases. Provident needs to find a way to deal with this increase in volume- one can simply not construct more ponds, as the problem just becomes worse. The project will entail doing research and evaluation of various water treatment options to desalinate a volume of brine, to allow Provident to deal with the increasing volumes at site.

Disciplines: CHEE, GEO, MECH, Law = unsure


Project 14) IGI International - Toronto - (website)

Design of a Polyethylene Wax Labscale Pilot Plant

The International Group Inc, in Toronto is a private company that refines and manufactures waxes and wax coatings. These products are used in a wide range of applications including packaging, candles, cosmetics, printing and copying, and plastics and rubber.

More information can be found on

We wish to install a laboratory facility to synthesize polyethylene waxes in experimental quantities.

Polyethylene waxes have unique properties of hardness, high crystallinity and low melting viscosity. They are specialty products used in a range of applications, including adhesives, printing inks, polishes and xerographic toners.

The International Group has an outline for a process to synthesize waxes by ethylene polymerization.

The scope of the project would include the evaluation of the existing facility, and recommendations for equipment and site modifications to accommodate the equipment. The team would also source equipment for the project.

Finally, the project team could develop a manual for the safe use, handling, and operation of the facility.

discipline mix: CHEE, MECH, No Law


Project 15) Placeholder


Bio and Pharma Companies / Projects

Project 16) PnuVax - Kingston -

Process Fit Analysis for a Proprietary Vaccine In an existing Canadian Biopharmaceutical Production Facility

This project combines many practical aspects of the engineering and business planning required in industrial biotechnology. The Project combines both technical, operational and management issues in the solution to a problem that is common in the biotechnology industry: How best to use an existing facility for manufacturing a new product.

The technical aspects include the growth of organisms requiring BL2 biological containment, protein and polysaccharide production, purification, and sterile operations.

PnuVax has a process that has been analyzed for a different manufacturing facility concept, and wishes to revise, improve and adapt it to an existing facility located near Kingston. The existing facility has the basic requirements of the process, but PnuVax requires a detailed process fit analysis in order to accurately assess the issues, costs and time schedule for adaptation, start-up and ongoing manufacturing. The types of unit operations involved will include sterile pharmaceutical operations, fermentation, continuous centrifugation, tangential-flow filtration, and large scale chromatography. The scale of operation is primarily defined by the largest fermentor: 3500L. Restart and adaptation of an existing somewhat out-of-date control system will also be required. In addition, an analysis of utilities requirements and availabilities will be required to ensure appropriate manufacturing scheduling to avoid existing pinch-points and to suggest utilities improvements that would eliminate restrictions on manufacturing capacity.

The TEAM will be involved in developing a restart plan, and upgrade plan, including a re-validation of all equipment, and developing a schedule for ongoing manufacturing once the facility is ready. The process is complicated by the requirement for the production of over 20 individual intermediate products in order to fully prepare the final drug product.

This project affords the students an opportunity to learn about the details of biopharmaceutical processing, pharmaceutical engineering, drug regulatory requirements, and the practical economic realities of making the best of available opportunities in a real-world manufacturing setting.

Discipline Mix: CHEE, Bio, COMM, Law = unsure


Project 17) Greenfield Ethanol - Johnstown (

Greenhouse & Energy Integration Assessment

Location: GreenField Ethanol, Johnstown, Ontario

GreenField Ethanol Inc. is Canada’s largest ethanol company producing over 600 million liters in fuel ethanol annually. Sold at 1,300 gas stations, the company’s ethanol reduces fill-up costs and cuts harmful greenhouse gas emissions. GreenField is one of North America’s leading green fuels suppliers. Blending a pioneering spirit with demonstrated business expertise, GreenField is leveraging its expertise in commercial alcohols and grain ethanol in order to develop a vibrant and sustainable cellulosic ethanol business.


GreenField Ethanol’s production facility in Johnstown is the culmination of over 20 years of design development.  The result is a robust, simple to operate, fully integrated facility featuring low energy consumption, high efficiency and zero effluent discharge.

Industry leading energy efficiency is achieved through multiple effect steam economy, vacuum distillation, multiple process to process heat exchangers, multiple recycles and heat recovery steam generation.


The objective of this project will be to assess the feasibility of integrating both a greenhouse and a CHP (Power generation) into the existing facility.

The final product will be a report that is transparent with GreenField’s capital planning requirements and will meet the Business Case documentation requirements.


In assessing the overall feasibility of constructing a CHP on site and a greenhouse in the adjacent industrial park, the following items will need to be considered;

  • Overall feasibility, including estimates of upper-lower limits of opportunity
  • Environmental constraints or requirements
  • Regulatory, zoning or other requirements
  • Estimate of benefits
  • Estimate of capital costs
  • Scope of work
  • Major milestone timelines

discipline mix: CHEE, MECH,COMM, LAW


Project 18) Greenfield Ethanol - Johnstown (

Predictive Model Based Controller for Fermenter Coolers


Fermentation is the process operation where yeast convert simple sugars into ethanol and is performed in one of four batch reactor vessels over a fermentation period of approximately 56 hours. The yeast also produce heat in stoichiometric relation to the ethanol produced and/or the sugar consumed. This generated heat needs to be removed or the temperature within the fermenter will rise to levels that will kill off the yeast cells. A recirculation pump forces mash through the process side of a plate and frame heat exchanger with cooling water on the other side. The water flow through the exchanger is currently controlled via a Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) control loop that uses the fermenter temperature as the process variable and the flow control valve on the cooling water header as the controlled variable. Each batch in fermentation follows a non-linear generation of alcohol and heat with a peak generation rate occurring during the 14 to 22 hour mark. The current PID control loop has been tuned to optimal conditions; however the controller still overshoots in order to ‘catch-up’ when the temperature begins rising at the beginning of the peak heat generation.


We would like to develop a predictive model based controller for the fermenter coolers based on the historic data of the plant. This would involve developing a detailed heat generation model and finding a suitable controller package for use in the plant. This would allow more efficient cooling water flow through the fermenter coolers with the remaining cooling water available to use in other parts of the plant.


The solution would be implemented on all four of our fermenter coolers. To avoid any process upsets or changes that would alter the model the solution should also include PID control on top of the predictive model to ensure the fermenter temperatures stay on set point.



Project 19) Baxter Manufacturing

note: The Project Sponsor will support one of the two Baxter projects. The project will be selected through the bidding process by students.

Baxter Corporation Alliston Manufacturing Facility Projects

As a subsidiary of Baxter International Inc., Baxter Corporation manufactures and markets products that save and sustain the lives of people with hemophilia, immune disorders, infectious diseases, kidney disease, trauma and other chronic and acute medical conditions. As a global, diversified healthcare company, Baxter applies a unique combination of expertise in medical devices, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology to create products that advance patient care worldwide. For more than 50 years, Baxter Corporation’s Alliston facility has been manufacturing life-sustaining intravenous (IV), nutritional, peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis solutions for the Canadian market.

Two projects have been identified to support improved operational excellence at the Baxter, Alliston facility.

Assessment of Cogeneration Technology:

The first project would be to conduct a feasibility study for implementation of cogeneration technology at the facility. A key strategy for the organization is to reduce energy costs as these costs are significant and are predicted to increase in the future. The facility has successfully implemented numerous energy reduction initiatives resulting in improved energy cost performance. The cogeneration feasibility project is important for understanding future potential energy cost breakthrough opportunities.

The project goal would be to conduct a comprehensive study to document and communicate the economic feasibility of cogeneration in the facility, considering technology options, investment required and potential energy cost reduction opportunity.


Project 20) Baxter Manufacturing

note: The Project Sponsor will support one of the two Baxter projects. The project will be selected through the bidding process by students.

Baxter Corporation Alliston Manufacturing Facility Projects

As a subsidiary of Baxter International Inc., Baxter Corporation manufactures and markets products that save and sustain the lives of people with hemophilia, immune disorders, infectious diseases, kidney disease, trauma and other chronic and acute medical conditions. As a global, diversified healthcare company, Baxter applies a unique combination of expertise in medical devices, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology to create products that advance patient care worldwide. For more than 50 years, Baxter Corporation’s Alliston facility has been manufacturing life-sustaining intravenous (IV), nutritional, peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis solutions for the Canadian market.

Two projects have been identified to support improved operational excellence at the Baxter, Alliston facility. The first is directly above this one.

Modelling and Optimization of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Plant:

The second project is a manufacturing process optimization opportunity. As part of the manufacturing process, products are steam sterilized after being filled and prior to being packaged. The sterilization process can be a bottleneck that impacts the flow of products through the manufacturing process and as a result creates additional costs through additional material handling and volatile demand that impacts critical services such as steam and compressed air production. The project is important for reducing overall product costs in the interest of and improving profitability.

The goal of this project is to develop a production planning and management approach that improves product flow throughout the Filling, Sterilization and Packaging operations.



Project 21) Green Centre Canada - Kingston (website)

Use of Switchable Solvents for Seed Oil Processing

GreenCentre Canada brings leading Green Chemistry researchers, international industry partners and commercialization expertise under one roof with a common goal of advancing Green Chemistry innovations out of the lab and into the marketplace. Working together, we transform breakthroughs in Green Chemistry into green products and industrial technologies that benefit the world.

The processing and refinement of seed oils (e.g. soybean oil, palm oil, grape seed oil) is a multi-billion dollar industry whose outputs are found in many facets of modern day life. At present, all large scale installations rely on the use of hexanes to extract the target oil from the bio-matrix. While effective, the use of hexanes has several drawbacks including high energy utilization and environmental loss. In fact, the seed oil industry is the single largest emitter of hexanes into the environment. Given the neurotoxicity of hexanes, an alternative process technology is urgently needed.

GreenCentre Canada has been actively developing applications for a proprietary class of switchable hydrophilicity solvents (SHS). In their intrinsic state, our SHS systems behave like typical oleophilic solvents (e.g. hexanes). As such, they are equally effective in the extraction of seed oils. On exposure to water and carbon dioxide, we are able to reversible "switch" the SHS into a highly polar analogue. This causes the SHS to release any dissolved oleophilic compound. Through this TEAM project, we would like to explore the feasibility of using our SHS system in seed oil manufacturing. The results of this project would ideally provide us with:

- initial economic assessment of using SHS technology in seed oil manufacturing
- benchmarking of SHS system in light of key performance requirements
- market survey of key seed oil manufacturers with an emphasis emerging organization with little or no deployed assets
- initial design concept for processing unit

Suggested disciplines (CHEE,COMM, MECH, Law = unsure)


Project 22) BUNGE - Hamilton -

Canola Oil Plant Capacity Increase

Bunge Limited (, NYSE: BG) is a leading global agribusiness and food company founded in 1818 and headquartered in White Plains, New York with integrated operations that circle the globe, stretching from the farm field to the retail shelf. Bunge's 22,000 employees at over 450 facilities in 32 countries participate in the global agribusiness and food production industries by:

• Manufacturing fertilizer and animal feed for farmers. 
• Originating oilseeds and grains from the world's primary growing regions and transporting them to customers worldwide. 
• Crushing oilseeds to make meal for the livestock industry and oil for the food processing, food service and biofuel industries. 
• Producing edible oil, mayonnaise, margarine, shortening and other food products for consumers and foodservice industries. 
• Milling wheat and corn for food processors, bakeries, brewers and other commercial customers. 

Hamilton Plant is a “Swing Plant” that produces both Soybean and Canola meals and oils. The oil is extracted from soya flakes or canola cake in a chemical process known as extraction.

Solvent extraction is a highly efficient means of oil recovery from oil seeds such as canola. The processing of the canola seeds begins with pre-heating followed by flaking. The seeds are flaked to break them open and they are conveyed to the conditioners. The conditioners are of the same design as pre-heaters and they elevate the temperature of the flaked seeds to the required temperature for proper pre-pressing and extraction processes (freeing-up the oil for removal). The flakes are then conveyed to the expellers to remove some of the oil (virgin). Up to 70% of the oil is removed from the flakes in the expelling process. The flakes discharging are a firm cake with a residual oil content of 16% to 20%. The cake is conveyed to the extraction plant to remove the remaining oil.

Project Statement:

Increase the canola crush capacity with minimal capital investment.

Expected Deliverables:

To analyze the existing canola production/ operation and to provide an engineering study leading to the in-step increase of current production capacity by 25%, 50% up to 150%.

The proposal should include:

• Energy requirement (steam and hydro).
• Cooling water requirements.
• Layout.
• Equipment selection and pricing.
• Installation cost estimates.
• Schedule.

Suggested disciplines (CHEE, COMM, MECH, Law = unsure)


Project 23) Ontario East Wood Centre & Eco-Industrial Park - Eastern Ontario

Value Proposition Development

The Ontario East Wood Centre is at a pivotal point in achieving its goals, and the commercial development of woody biomass forest products. It is believed the contribution of a bio-economy based industry could be a $1B economic stimulus in the near Kingston area. In order to make the next leap forward their immediate goal is to build a Demonstration plant for converting wood biomass into sugars based on a technology developed in SUNY. The expectation is that this crucial step will illustrate the technologies are commercial, and it will pave the way towards a bio-refinery and a revitalized bio-economy in the area. The challenge is that investors need to be attracted, and thus this TEAM project is about developing a document that will be used to draw large capital investors into the enterprise.

This project will develop a package that will be aimed at attracting investors. Adeptly named a ‘Value Proposition’, it will include a review of potential economic benefits and business risks to prospective investors, as well as technologies. Students will be responsible for:

  • Working with business, engineering and scientific, and politicians to coalesce information into a document suitable to obtain investors.
  • They will be working with business people to determine the needs and format of the document.
  • They will work with engineering and scientific people to review and create a business friendly summary of the technologies and products that are believed to strong first candidates.
  • They will provide enough information that investors can develop their own economic analysis.
  • The will work with policy and government to determine the provincial and federal support levels and the information requirements to achieve that support.
  • They will work to identify gaps in the existing information that are required to fulfil the needs of a compelling Value Proposition document. If possible, they will fill those gaps.

Through this experience, students will gain insight into the corporate strategic planning and capital funding process in the context of leading edge technologies in the bio-economy.

Suggested disciplines (CHEE/BIO, Chemistry, COMM, MECH, Law for Policy)


Project 24) City of Kingston

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Utilities Kingston has been providing the residents of Kingston safe utility services for over 100 years. Over the years the name and corporate structure has changed but one thing remained constant that is We are a City owned Utility Company accountable to the City Council and the residents of our Community. Utilities Kingston is an environmentally responsible company, this is reflected in our day to day activities as well as in our long range planning for infrastructure improvement and rehabilitation.

In keeping with our Mission of being a company based on being dedicated to responsible management of the service we provide and protecting the environment, we would like to take a proactive step in determining what is entering our Wastewater Treatment streams and how to effectively treat Microconstituents that are not currently part of the regulatory requirements. As a proactive Utility we would like to determine if our current processes reduce Microconstituents that enter our Treatment facilities such as caffeine and pharmaceuticals.

In 2009 a project through TEAM was completed at our Cataraqui Bay Wastewater Treatment Facility. This project started the process of identifying some Microconstituents and determine removal efficiencies at that above mentioned facility. For 2010 Utilities Kingston would like to continue with this work to identify Microconstituents entering our second Wastewater Treatment Facility Ravensview located at the East end of the City. We would like to determine what is entering Ravensview and being discharged from Ravensview and compare those results with those from Cataraqui Bay.

CHEE, Mech, No Law

Project 25) Covidien - Montreal (

About Covidien

We're passionate about making doctors, nurses, pharmacists and other medical professionals as effective as they can be. From Autosuture to Valleylab, from Kendall to Mallinckrodt, our industry-leading brands are known worldwide for uncompromising quality.

Through ongoing collaboration with medical professionals and organizations, we identify clinical needs and translate them into proven products and procedures. Over the years, we've pioneered a number of medical advances including contrast media, pulse oximetry, electrosurgery, surgical stapling and laparoscopic instrumentation.

Offering an extensive product line that spans medical devices, pharmaceuticals and medical supplies, we serve healthcare needs in hospitals, long-term care and alternate care facilities, doctors’ offices and in the home.

International in every respectCovidien is part of the local fabric of the communities where we operate. Deriving more than 40% of our sales from outside the United States, Covidien's success wouldn’t be possible without the dedication of our 42,000 employees, who live in more than 60 countries. Nearly two-thirds of our colleagues work in 58 manufacturing facilities located in 16 countries. In addition, more than 5,000 sales representatives in more than 60 countries meet our customers’ needs every day.

About the Project

Currently as identified in a previous Queen's project, our plant uses city water for process cooling and a substantial amount of heat is sent to the waste stream. For this project we are looking for one concrete solution to implement with the goal of reclaiming some of that heat, resulting in energy savings. The project would consist of evaluating assumptions concerning the current state, propose and implement a solution. The project involves field work and will allow team member to put in practice their engineering, financial and project management skills in a real life environment.

Disciplines: ENG, COMM, No Law


Project 26) Natural Capital Resources (

Bioprocessing System Design Project

To be sponsored by 
A Small Business in Belleville-Kingston Area

Project Objective: Design a closed loop, small-scale , multi-feedstock , multi-product bio-processing system to be established in the Belleville-Kingston area, serving primarily provincial markets. The design outcome could well be a “mini-mill” concept which could be replicated across Ontario and perhaps beyond. This will be a highly multi-disciplinary project and one which absolutely requires an integrated approach with significant teamwork on a week by week basis. While building on past work by the SME and others, students should be prepared to challenge conventional assumptions. 
Project Focus: Processing and bringing to market solid biomass from four identified target feedstocks (three agricultural, one non-agricultural). The market focus is on two construction material opportunities and one consumer products opportunity (all three already identified but not validated). Note that products will be primarily solids with some liquid fraction. Also note that the product scope specifically excludes solid fuel pellets as a target market but pellets could be an intermediate form of biomass.

Project Rationale: There are five reasons for undertaking this project:
• To identify a market entry strategy that is realistic for SMEs who do not have or cannot access +$100M in capital for a large-scale bioprocessing facility
• To determine the best way to complete the value chain for bio-based products which will be part of our transformation to a green economy
• To provide a stepping stone to launch a new sustainable industry in Ontario/Canada
• To create a intermediate business model that will ultimately lead to implementation of the biorefinery concept in Eastern Ontario.
• To capitalize on local assets and capabilities.

Project Objectives: There are five objectives:
• To identify a market entry strategy that is realistic for SMEs who do not have or cannot access +$100M in capital for a large-scale bioprocessing facility
• To determine the best way to complete the value chain for bio-based products which will be part of our transformation to a green economy
• To provide a stepping stone to launch a new sustainable industry in Ontario/Canada
• To create a intermediate business model that will ultimately lead to implementation of the biorefinery concept in Eastern Ontario.

Disciplines: There are eight major components to the project, each of which is shown below with the desired (student) academic program noted. The sponsor is open to suggestions for changes on the expectations for the Desired Academic Programs described below (eg. some students may want to develop expertise in a related academic area).


Desired Academic Program (Suggested)

Market Analysis and Specification


Materials Characterization

Chemical and/or Civil Engineering, Biology, Chemistry

Feedstock Supply Analysis

Business, Environmental Science, Biology

Processing Line Design

Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering

Transportation and Logistics

Business, Mechanical Engineering

ICT and Microsystems

Electrical Engineering

Business Model and Feasibility Analysis


Policy and Legal

Environmental Engineering, Policy Studies, Environmental Science, Law


Project 27) Biovail - Winnipeg -( Biovail merged with Valeant Canada in 2010)

Pharmaceutical Wastewater Treatment & Disposal

Biovail Corporation is Canada's largest publicly traded pharmaceutical company. Beginning in the early 1990s, Biovail strategy was to apply advanced drug-delivery technologies to improve the clinical effectiveness of medicines. Since that time, Biovail has been engaged in the formulation, clinical testing, registration, manufacture and commercialization of pharmaceutical products. The Company's primary markets are the U.S. and Canada.

The Biovail manufacturing facility in Steinbach, MB compounds tablets which are granulated using a combination of active pharmaceutical ingredients and excipients.

Following the batch production of pharmaceutical tablets, the equipment used during manufacturing is washed as per site cleaning procedures. The waste water is held prior to discharge, and treated to ensure environmental compliance. As part of a continuous improvement initiative, Biovail is looking into additional treatment opportunities for the company's pharmaceutical waste water to exceed the local, Provincial and Federal regulations, rising above the industry standards.

Project Objectives:

• Assess potential impact of Biovail's pharmaceutical wastewater on the environment.
• Research existing technologies that could be used to enhance treatment of wastewater on site or downstream.
• Assess feasibility of any applicable solutions for Biovail's use.

Discipline Mix:


Project 28) City of Kingston #2- Kingston -(

Sustainable Purchasing Toolkit

The Corporation of the City of Kingston provides municipal services for the City of Kingston and employs approximately 1300 people. The City of Kingston undertakes operating and capital purchasing on an annual basis in the magnitude of tens of millions of dollars and on occasion makes purchases for large capital infrastructure projects that can be in the hundreds of millions of dollars. The City of Kingston is the sole shareholder of the company that contains Utilities Kingston and Kingston Hydro. The City of Kingston has recently embarked on a direction that is supportive of community and corporate sustainability and is presently identifying ways to implement the themes and goals of community sustainability into its business practices.

The City of Kingston has made the link between improving the sustainability of our business practices and how we purchase goods and services. Although “buying green” sounds simple and in many ways is, truly sustainable purchasing for a diverse corporation such as the City of Kingston involves not only awareness of what makes one product or service more virtuous than another but also requires policies that describe the various types of value (not just purchase cost) that can be evaluated and how these different bottom lines can be evaluated. It also requires the tools that will allow busy administrators to ask the market for goods and services with the attributes of the various bottom lines – things like standard Request for Proposal or Tender templates and guides for how to ask for sustainable goods and services. It also requires tools that will enable awareness and sharing of experience within the corporation itself.

This project will require the delivery of a package of general purchasing policies that link purchasing practice to the themes and goals of Kingston integrated community sustainability plan (Sustainable Kingston), tools for querying the market and an on-line style of dynamic receptacle for sustainable purchasing information, tools and experience. A decision will need to be made about whether such an on-line tool should be internal to the corporation or if it can be open to a broader community of purchasing practitioners.

Presently the City of Kingston has policies (the Purchasing By-Law) that guide all purchasing decisions but they are of the highest level and do not contain specific advice or direction with respect to the link between purchasing and corporate and community sustainability. The City also has many individual policies and procedures that are not at the “by-law” level of hierarchy that guide purchasing with respect to very specific types of goods and services such as the Green Building Policy and the Green Fleet Policy. However these subordinate policies are not as widely known or followed within the corporation. This project will provide the City of Kingston with important tools that can be used by municipal project managers and administrators to achieve a more consistent and higher performing approach to purchasing that results in the procurement of goods and services that contribute to our corporate and community sustainability goals.

  • Research purchasing practice and process at the City of Kingston and compare and contrast with leaders in sustainable procurement.
  • Research the basic legal obligations of Ontario municipalities in their purchasing practices and apply this to the project.
  • Analyze purchasing policies and identify gaps that may be contributing to Kingston underperforming in the field of sustainable procurement.
  • Research purchasing practice at the City of Kingston and identify areas where positive change will have the greatest impact on sustainability outcomes such as:
    • Greenhouse gas emissions and pollution (locally and at point of manufacture)
    • Purchase and operating cost
    • Reductions of hazardous materials in the workplace
    • Reductions in solid and liquid waste generation
    • Sustaining local economic development
    • Supporting local innovation and entrepreneurship
    • Avoiding unfair, inequitable or dangerous working conditions and practice (locally or at point of manufacture)
  • Research, compare and contrast examples of on-line tools that support sustainable procurement organizationally and at a community level through:
    • Providing access to administrative purchasing tools (forms, templates, etc.)
    • Providing access to sustainable purchasing information (what makes one product or service better or worse than another)
    • Providing opportunities for practitioners to share positive or negative purchasing experiences and collaborate to make purchasing more efficient and consistently excellent.
  • Recommend policies, practices and administrative tools to improve the Corporation of the City of Kingston’s ability to make sustainable purchasing choices.
  • Recommend architecture, content and style for an on-line sustainable purchasing tool available to City employees and identify the pros/cons and risks associated with making the tool available to a broader community (public).
  • Present and discuss findings, recommendations and any on-line product recommendation.

Disciplines: All


Project 29) Queen's University - Physical Plant Services - Kingston

Geothermal Heating and Cooling

Queen’s University, Physical Plant Services, uses engineering, science and business consultants to help with the many challenges it faces. At any one time there may be literally dozens of outside consultants working on University problems. Through the TEAM program we are able to give you real life experiences on how we interact with consultants. Attached there are eight problems that you can help us with. Based on our experience, the TEAM/PPS project will involve regular interaction and include the following three milestones:

- preliminary meeting with discussion of the problem, goals, and process;
- ongoing review of results, including an informal presentation and discussion to insure goals are met;
- formal presentation with submission of a report.

The University is interested in low temperature geothermal heating and cooling systems as a means to reduce campus energy costs. The technology usually consists of heat pumps connected to piping loops placed either vertically or horizontally in the ground. A number of these systems have been installed in Ontario educational buildings including an elementary school in Kingston. Physical Plant Services would like to understand the economics of these systems. What are the capital and operating costs? How much land/building space is required? Are there practical limits to size? Are there government incentive programs? The focus is to be on the economics with a life cycle cost analysis.



Project 30) Queen's University - Physical Plant Services - Kingston

Absorption Chillers for Air Conditioning

Queen’s University, Physical Plant Services, uses engineering, science and business consultants to help with the many challenges it faces. At any one time there may be literally dozens of outside consultants working on University problems. Through the TEAM program we are able to give you real life experiences on how we interact with consultants. Attached there are eight problems that you can help us with. Based on our experience, the TEAM/PPS project will involve regular interaction and include the following three milestones:

- preliminary meeting with discussion of the problem, goals, and process;
- ongoing review of results, including an informal presentation and discussion to insure goals are met;
- formal presentation with submission of a report.

In 2007, the University, in partnership with Kingston General Hospital, completed the installation of a highly efficient and low emission cogeneration facility that provides both electricity and steam heat for the campus and hospital. During the warmer months when the demand for electricity is high full use cannot be made of the facility, as the need for heat is low. One option is the use of absorption chillers that generate chilled water for air conditioning using steam rather than electricity. PPS would like to explore the possibilities of providing the hospital with steam for new absorption chillers. An increase in steam production would then allow an increase in electricity generation. This is to be an economic study requiring an analysis of existing costs for generating steam and electricity and their sensitivity to changes. It would also involve an analysis of the economics of chilled water production with steam vs. electricity.


Project 31) - Placeholder


Other Types of Companies or Projects 

Project 32) M.A.C.Cosmetics (Estee Lauder) - Toronto -(

Kettle Rotor Guard Design

An unprotected homogenizer rotor/ stator assembly in 1000 kg vacuum kettle(s) is failing. In addition the pigments that are commonly used in the batch process cause ‘quick’ degradation of the parts.

Challenge: come up with options whether through mechanical design or process revisions to ensure that ‘foreign’ material is not able to make its way to the rotor stator. Note: there may have been a patent issue that prevented the manufacturer from addressing this issue in the original design. (kettle was manufactured in Germany). Mechanical drawings and specifications are available. In addition investigate potential hardening or coating of the parts that would extend their useable lifespan.


1. Any alterations to the rotor stator head must take into account the potential impact on energy/ sheer imparted on the processes. Every effort should be made to minimize these effects.
2. there is an effort underway to machine the rotor stator parts at one of our US facilities.

Disciplines: CHEE, MECH, LAW = unsure


Project 33) H. H. Angus Consulting Engineers - (website)

Trends in Increasing Litigation Against Architects and Engineers in Ontario:

Analysis and development of recommendations for improving the technical and project execution components to minimize litigation exposure.

More information pending.

Suggested disciplines: All ENG, LAW, COMM


Project 34) H. H. Angus Consulting Engineers - (website)

Development of an Evaluation Template for OPA FIT program:

Involves legal aspects (20 year contract, property impact, etc., legal address and LDC implication), financial viability and tax implications (corporate and individual homeowners), and engineering viability (panel efficiency, shading, etc.).

More information is pending.

Suggested disciplines: All ENG LAW, COMM

Project 35) Dynaplas and H2O Paddles- Toronto - (Dynaplas website) (H2O Paddles website)

Design of Experiments Capability Improvement:

The Company:

Dynaplas is a world leader in the production of precision plastic components. As an established Canadian precision molder with over 20 years of experience, we have the reputation of providing innovative engineering, superb product quality and outstanding customer service.

The Project:

We believe we are leaving money on the table involving mould cycle time. There are many parameters involved. It would be beneficial when we are developing a new mould/process that we thoroughly model and optimize the process to ensure we are delivering parts that meet the drawing in the minimum time. Other variables targeted could be strength or to keep a certain critical dimension in control.

Design of experiments (DOE) provides information about factors and their interactions in systems as varied as aluminum welding and zoo-animal cholesterol. It points out breakthrough solutions by thoroughly evaluating multiple elements within a process and has become a useful tool for quality, design and process professionals. There are many DOE systems available but the one selected needs to be a great fit for us. It needs to be easy to use so it WILL be used. 

DOE now offers a highly versatile technique useful to industries as diverse as textiles, tires, advertising research and human resources. In fact, it works anywhere people need to learn about a system's inputs. Because of DOE's incredible efficiency, and its ability to uncover synergistic interactions, its potential is virtually unlimited.

Initial Project Activities and Objectives:

• Work with plant engineering and operators to conduct a thorough review of Dynaplas needs in terms of DOE Software.
• Conduct a thorough review of DOE software.
• Compare and select models for testing
• Evaluate the models that provide the best fit for Dynaplas’ needs with real-life testing on Dynaplas equipment and products.
• Recommend areas of use for Dynaplas
• Recommend purchase decision and provide payback analysis. 

Discipline mix: Students participating in CHEE 418 would be strong candidates for this project, but other students should consider the project.


Project 36)Ontario Power Generation (

Ranney Falls Hyrdro Project

Ontario Power Generation is an electricity generating company whose principal business is the generation and sale of electricity in Ontario. OPG operates 65 hydroelectric, 3 nuclear, 5 thermal generating stations and co-owns two gas-fired generating stations. OPG generating facilities have in-service capacity of 21,729 MW and produce two-thirds of Ontario’s electricity. Ontario Power Generation promotes the generation of clean, renewable power as an enabler to advance Ontario’s clean energy goals. 

The Ranney project proposes to utilize the available water in the Trent River at a run of the river generating station. The project mainly expands the existing station by replacing the 0.75 MW old unit with an 8 MW new unit at the existing site.

The Queens University TEAM will get involved in optimizing the hydraulic study of the proposed new powerhouse, and apply previous project findings to a greener new powerhouse. Their goal is to propose options will help minimize the impact of the station on the environment.

Disciplines: 1 law, 1 mech, 1 civil, 1 COMM (finance) and 1 chem (enviro).


Project 37) Ontario Ministry of Labour - Toronto - (

Note due to the confidentiality required by this project only limited information is published here.

Project Title: Scaffolding

The Ministry of Labour

The Ministry of Labour and its agencies play a key role in Ontario in promoting safe and healthy workplaces.The Ministry of Labour enforces the occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) and a various regulations.


Workers in Ontario perform work at heights on construction sites using a variety of equipment such as ladders, scaffolds, elevated work platforms and Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP). A variety of scaffold types exist in the market place

The Assignment

  1. To review the different types of scaffold and their stability relative to their height.


The deliverables for this project are the following:

An engineering report addressing the height stability issue stated above with computer modeling if required.

Disciplines: ALL


Project 38) Ontario Ministry of Labour - Toronto - (

Note due to the confidentiality required by this project only limited information is published here.

Project Title: Equipment for Work at Heights

The Ministry of Labour

The Ministry of Labour and its agencies play a key role in Ontario in promoting safe and healthy workplaces.The Ministry of Labour enforces the occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) and a various regulations.


Workers in Ontario perform work at heights on construction sites using a variety of equipment such as ladders, scaffolds, elevated work platforms and Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWP). A variety of scaffold types exist in the market place

The Assignment

To provide recommendations on the appropriate design criteria that should be applied to selected types of equipment used to perform work at heights.  The recommended criteria shall be based on codes and standards, and generally accepted good engineering practices as related to this equipment with consideration to economic impact.


The deliverables for this project are the following:

A report covering the engineering, economic, and other factors covered in the assignment.

Disciplines: ALL


Project 39) Bombardier - Kingston (

Note: The following project is not a design project. It is a technical, business, and legal feasibility and risk analysis of Bombardier's design.

Evaluation of New Battery Technology

Bombardier Transportation is the global leader in the rail equipment manufacturing and servicing industry. Its wide range of products includes passenger rail cars and total transit systems. It also manufactures locomotives, freight cars, propulsion & controls and provides railcontrol solutions.

The Kingston facility is home to the Centre of Expertise for Mass Transit and ART vehicles for the Systems Division. We are currently active with two product lines; our state-of-the-art driverless vehicle, referred to as the Advanced Rapid Transit (ART) vehicle, and our Monorail vehicle, which is also driverless.

The proposed project will involve the evaluation of battery technology that is new to the rail industry and has recently been selected by our engineers for use on both of our products. This evaluation will involve the comparison of the current selection vs. other existing technologies in consideration of the unique operating environments and customer cultures that are present in the wide array of locations where this technology will be implemented. It is expected that, as a minimum, the following areas will be included within the scope of this project:

• Technical evaluation of battery life, power, and various other function and performance aspects.

• Review and analysis of the safety aspects of the available technologies.

• Review and analysis of the environmental impacts of the available technologies, considering the complete lifecycle of the technology.

• Analysis of the Life Cycle Cost (LCC) of the selection.

• Market analysis to predict the future costs for the various technologies and how they may influence the present selection.

• Evaluation of potential hazards of the current selection and possible exposure to litigation.

Please note that the commencement of this project is dependent upon the signing of a nondisclosure agreement between Bombardier and Queen’s University. A copy will be provided to the involved parties upon selection of this project.

Disciplines: ALL, Law = Probably, but need to check with client


Project 40)Ledgecroft Farms

PROJECT TITLE: Liquid Fertilizer Market Analysis

Ledgecroft Farms Inc. is a family dairy farm operation located in Seeley’s Bay. Our primary focus has been the dairy business for over 30 years. Ledgecroft Farms has complemented its agricultural business by building a biogas system that would produce renewable energy in the form of heat and electrical generation from organic inputs both on and off the farm.


In addition to the development of renewable energy, Ledgecroft Farms is interested in producing and marketing liquid organic nitrogen from the digestate (end product of the anaerobic digestion process) to the commercial, organic fertilizer market. In order to address the viability this product, Ledgecroft Farms is interested in gathering knowledge on the process, feasibility and marketability of creating organic nitrogen in liquid form.


- Understand the process necessary to produce liquid organic nitrogen, including the equipment required, labour input, time, other.
- Assess the capital investment necessary to the existing biogas system to create the organic nitrogen.
- Gather market data to assess if a market exists, potential competition, and need/demand.
- Complete a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis. 
- Develop an economic model with short/long term projections.
- Prepare a report that summarizes the findings.


The involvement of chemical, mechanical and/or civil engineering disciplines as well as a strong compliment from the commerce and business disciplines.

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