TEAM

Banner Image

Projects Archive

Current Projects List (2018-2019)

(updated: August 01, 2018)

Electronic Bidding - link - closed.

Many projects will be cross boundaries of categories (i.e. an sustainable development or environmental project within the Oil and Gas industry). It's advisable to read all the project descriptions.

Index:

CompanyDiscipline Mix (Suggested, not set in stone)Project (click on the link to jump to the description)
3M Canada Company
CHEE, MECH
Continuous Drying Methods for Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
DuPont Canada
CHEE
In-line separation of solid suspended particles from liquid stream
Utilities Kingston
CHEE, MECH, COMM, LAW, BIO
Microplastics Presence in Municipal Water Treatment Plant Source Water
BlueGreen Innovations Group
CIVL, CHEE, ENSC, BIO, ECON, LAW
Plastics Pollution in the Great Lakes and Engineering Options to Mitigate Impacts
Bowman Centre for Sustainable Energy
CHEM, MECH, ENSC, COMM, LAW
Comparative GHG Life Cycle Assessment; Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen vs. Other Feedstocks
Canadian Wollastonite
MINE, CHEE, COMM
Creating economic products from mine tailings and by-products
ENCANA
ELEC, MECH, CHEE, COMP, COMM
Drilling Rig Power System Efficiency Improvement
Ontario East Wood Centre
CHEE, BIOCHEM, COMM
Soybean Processing for World Markets
Ontario Power Generation
CIVL, CHEE, ELEC
Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project – Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
Ontario Power Generation
CHEE, COMM, MECH, ELEC
Power-to-Gas Evaluation for the OPG Renewable Generation Business
Perpetual Energy Inc.
CHEE, CHEM, BIOL, COMM
Using Algae to Improve the Quality of Heavy Oil
BASF Corporation
CHEE, COMM, CIVL
Primary and secondary technical market research on market opportunities related to the management and containment of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) at existing infrastructure sites, construction sites and in the water supply
32 Degrees Ventures Inc.
MULTI
Quantifiable understanding of water waste in ice production
Fluor Canada Ltd.
CHEE, COMP, ELEC
An Integrated Platform for Augmented Reality in the Oil & Gas Sector
Fluor Canada Ltd.
ENG, COMM
Optimized Design and Economic Model for Direct Contact Steam Generation for Power Generation
Young Pipeliners Association of Canada
ENG, COMM
Minimizing Ground Disturbance for Pipeline Construction
ENCANA
CHEE, MECH
Remote Wellsite Design and Optimization
Veresen Midstream 
CHEE, MECH, COMM
Sulphur Receipt, Preparation and Transportation
Veresen Midstream
CHEE, MECH, COMM
Methanol Production

Full Project Descriptions:

Company Name
3M Canada Company - Personal Safety Division
Industry/Sector
Manufacturing
Location
Brockville
Project Title or Summary
Continuous Drying Methods for Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
Company Description /Background
3M is a global technology company that has operations in more than 60 countries with laboratories in 34.  3M’s Personal Safety Division is a leading designer and manufacturer of respiratory protection products for the health care, industrial, first responder and military markets.  Our Brockville Site houses a research and development laboratory, quality assurance laboratory, a filter manufacturing plant and a carbon treatment plant.  Treated activated carbon is used in respiratory protection products to remove toxic gases and vapors from air. The carbon treated in Brockville is used in 3M plants globally to manufacture such respiratory protection filters.
Project Description and motivation
Our typical production process for drying adsorbent materials is a relatively inefficient batch process that involves vacuum and thermal heating. In addition, we have a continuous process that, while able to generate some low moisture materials, remains underutilized due to the absence of a continuous drying process within our facility. It is thought that a continuous microwave drying process may provide the suitably small footprint and rapid moisture drying capabilities coveted by our manufacturing plant. Other drying technologies should also be considered and compared as part of this project.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
The project output should include:
1. Layout and specification for proposed drying equipment
2. Description and ranking of several equipment installation options
3. Energy and labour requirements of the new process
4. Hazard assessment, including dust containment
5. Estimated capital costs
6. Estimated cost of the final product
7. Summary, conclusions and recommendations
Suggested number of students and Discipline
3 Chemical or Mechanical Engineering, open to suggestions.
Company Name
DuPont Canada
Industry/Sector
Transportation & Advanced Polymers
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
In-line separation of solid suspended particles from liquid stream
Company Description /Background
DuPont is a science company, working across multiple industries to deliver real-world products and smart solutions.
The Transportation & Advanced Polymers division is focused on delivering essential advances to our customers in automotive, electrical and electronics, consumer and industrial and healthcare segments
Project Description and motivation
As part of an industrial polymerization process, an effluent of waste salty water is produced, containing small suspended solid particles of polymer. The solid polymer particles (~10%wt) are valuable and worth recovering from the waste stream.
An in-line system to separate the suspended solids from the liquid should be studied and selected; many available technical options exist in the open literature AND are offered by industrial equipment manufacturers (no invention needed)
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Study the liquid-solid suspension (lab scale sample can be provided)
• Theoretical study of relevant technologies for in-line separation of solids from liquid and assess feasibility for the system in question
• For the identified optimum technology
     o build small scale prototype to be tested
     o OR Contact manufacturer to cost pilot scale equipment (small        scale)
Suggested number of students and Discipline
3 Chem. Eng. students.
Company Name
Utilities Kingston
Industry/Sector
Utilities
Location
Kingston
Project Title or Summary
Microplastics Presence in Municipal Water Treatment Plant Source Water - This project will explore the presence of microplastics in source water to Kingston’s two municipal water treatment plants.
Company Description /Background
The City of Kingston is a municipal government organization for a population of approximately 120,000 that also is the sole shareholder in a utilities corporation that provides local distribution of electricity, natural gas, water and waste water collection, as well as the associated water treatment and waste water treatment plants.Dedicated to the responsible management of integrated services, Utilities Kingston provides the following core utility services:
• An assured clean drinking water supply to 36,000 residential, commercial and institutional customers,
• Collection and treatment of waste water,
• Safe and reliable gas services to nearly 14,000 customers
• Asset management, billing, and operational services to Kingston Hydro, which in turn provides electricity services to 27,000 customers in central Kingston
• Reliable maintenance of over 10,000 street lights and traffic signals at 200 intersections
• Specialized fibre optic broadband networking services. A major benefit is the cost-effective and highly-reliable monitoring of the City’s utility infrastructure.
Project Description and motivation
Cosmetic and personal care products can contain plastic Microbeads, which after use end up in the wastewater stream, and potentially in our lakes and oceans. Further, macro-plastics (those larger than 2mm) can degrade and breakdown creating microplastic particles. This matter has become a controversial topic in the news  and includes work such as a study on the St. Lawrence River by researchers at McGill University.
The prime question that applies to Kingston and others with this issue is:
• Are microplastics present in the source water?
Further the industry may need to consider if plastics are present, what is the concentration and do they pose potential harm to the drinking water produced or the plant waste?
There are a number of goals for this project(s), which will be focussed on one or two of the deliverables, which are:
• Develop sampling, testing and analysis procedure for microplastics within the raw water,
• From literature, determine origin and fate of the plastics,
• The potential opportunity  to evaluate and contrast the presence of microplastics from different water treatment processes.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Literature review to develop technical briefing on area of the project (ie – is there an accepted method of sampling/analysis, what research has been conducted to date on origin and fate, what information is portrayed in media compared with scientific research, etc.)
• Develop and test sampling and analysis procedure(s)
• Evaluation of the effectiveness of the testing method
• Quantitative resultsGiven the potential sensitive nature of the findings, the project findings will be deemed confidential pending review by Utilities Kingston.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
This project would be suited to students in many Engineering disciplines, Aquatic Biology, Public Policy and Industrial Design.

Company Name
BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc.  (working in conjunction with the Royal Bank of Canada – Blue Water Project)
Industry/Sector
Environmental and Energy Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Plastics Pollution in the Great Lakes and Engineering Options to Mitigate Impacts
Company Description /Background
BlueGreen Innovation Group is a multidisciplinary team of professionals linked by a mutual desire to deliver products and services that further environmental, social and economic sustainability.
Our Areas of Focus:
• Innovative technology
• R & D, discovery, evaluation, integration and commercialization
• Renewable energy, biofuels & bio-products
• Energy efficiency & conservation
• Clean water, wastewater, air and solid waste technologies
• Sustainability audits
• Low- energy building systems
• Energy storage technologies
• Manufacturing Systems
BlueGreen Innovation Group will partner with The Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) in support of RBC’s “Blue Water Project2. 
Project Description and motivation
Study and consolidate available information on Plastics Pollution in the Great lakes, including projected impacts and engineering options available to mitigate impacts on the Great Lakes.
BACKGROUND:
Plastic pollution in the oceans has been an observable, studied, reported and understood issue for several years.  That body of knowledge has led to programs and efforts to undue the damage.  Because the problem is well established, it will take years and a lot of resources to resolve the issue.  Some may argue that it is too late to completely undue the damage.  But little seems to be reported around plastic pollution in the Great Lakes.  Is that because there is no issue? Or is there is an issue, which remains unreported?  Or, is there an emerging issue where future impacts could be mitigated if legislative action or best practices and engineering steps were taken before a problem occurs?   
STUDY SCOPE
Conduct a state of the science study into current and potential future impacts to the Great Lakes due to plastics pollution. The study scope includes:
• Sources and types of plastic flows into the Great Lakes.  These flows may occur via several pathways including direct deposition (litter, debris from fishing and shipping, treated effluent discharges including industrial and municipal discharges) as well as indirect, i.e. runoff from surface waters and basins that empty into the Great Lakes. 
• Fate of the various types and physical state (macro/micro/nano) of these plastic flows
• Macro impacts  including esthetic (litter), aquatic creatures becoming entangled in abandoned fishing lines, nets etc., as well as impacts due to micro and nano sized plastic particles.  Note; much of our clothing is made from synthetic materials.  When washed small particles of the fabric are abraded and released into the wash water discharged to municipal waste water treatment plants.  Other sources include ‘micro beads’ added to detergents, cosmetics and even toothpaste. 
• Investigate whether natural processes such as deposition, or biological processes such as zebra mussel filtering activity are removing plastic material.
• Comment on capability and capacity of existing treatment plants to remove these contaminants from municipal water systems as well as identify and suggest, at a conceptual level, engineering upgrades to conventional effluent treatment plants to allow them to more effectively remove micro and nano plastic particles.  In addition to ‘hard’ engineering solutions, ‘soft’ engineering solutions i.e. source control should be identified.  Source control from consumer (beyond simply banning single use plastic straws) and product design and applications perspectives should be considered.
• Investigate steps being taken by governments and institutions to minimize plastic discharges into oceans and applicability of those measures to the Great Lakes.
Scope includes developing health, environmental, ecological and economic impacts as well as costs associated with controls.  Economics associated with impacts as well as cost to implement controls is important for two reasons.
1) It costs nothing to release plastics into the environment, directly or indirectly and society is not requiring removal in treatment plants.  But these costs are borne by society.  Therefore, these costs are ‘externalities’.  Because the half life in the environment of these materials can be decades or even longer, impacts are cumulative, and the externalized costs span this generation as well as future generations. 
2) Understanding the magnitude of the externalities will indicate the extent to which investments should be made to mitigate current impacts, but more importantly, to prevent impacts from rising to levels currently occurring in our oceans.
This project will be a meta-study involving searching the literature for sound and credible information on the subject and consolidating existing information into a summary report.  Since this may be a young area of research, the TEAM will also Identify gaps in current information and recommend future activities and research to help close any knowledge gaps found by the TEAM.  Engineering, business and legal judgement will need to be applied to extrapolate the current state of the Great Lakes in context of plastic pollution to potential future state if no action is taken to mitigate discharge of plastics into the Lakes.  The final report should also recognize and briefly comment on the international legal and political implications of this issue given that the lakes are bordered by several “US states along with Canadian provinces and involves two Federal Governments. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Written report consolidating information in open literature on the issue and augmented by an accompanying presentation.  Impacts on the physical lake system, aquatic life as well as indirect impacts on society including business, fishing, commercial, tourism and recreational uses of the Great Lakes will be included.  Given the international nature of the Great Lakes, the project outputs will include commentary on legal and social implications of this issue.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
One of each; civil engineer, chemical engineer, environmental engineer, biologist, economist; lawyer
Company Name
BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE)
Industry/Sector
Energy Policy Development and Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Comparative GHG Life Cycle Assessment; Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen vs. Other Feedstocks
Company Description /Background
The BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE) is a think tank focusing on Canadian, national scale, energy projects and energy system development.  Dr. Clem Bowman, the founder, is considered by many as the “father of the Alberta Oil Sands”, is a recipient of numerous awards and prestigious international prizes. 
The BCSE is a national organization with associates from across Canada with wide range of expertise including executive, management, business and technical disciplines.  The BCSE is affiliated with the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the Canadian Society for Senior Engineers.
Project Description and motivation
Background
Fossil fuels manufactured from Alberta Bitumen have been criticized for their relatively high greenhouse gas footprint (GHG), leading to resistance to expanding the Oil Sands.  
If the world is successful at decarbonizing its economies the value of Canada’s bitumen resources will be seriously eroded.  However, bitumen as a source of carbon, offers promising potential for use as a feedstock to manufacture durable materials.  Materials not intended for combustion.  
A 2017 Queens University TEAM report, Adding Value to Bitumen identified a suite of such products that could be manufactured using oil sands bitumen as a primary feedstock.   Examples include asphalts, adhesives, coatings, chemicals, plastics and other polymers as well as advanced materials such as carbon fibre and graphene.
A 2018 TEAM follow-up study (Producing Carbon Fibre from a Barrel of Pitch) focused on how to manufacture carbon fibre from bitumen.  That study included process flows, heat and material balances, economics and markets as well as provided the basis for this, third in a series, project proposal.  
Study Scope
This project, building on the 2017 and 2018 TEAM reports, will focus on the GHG burden associated with manufacturing carbon fibre from bitumen.  The study, a GHG Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), will comply with international standards, methodologies and practices for emissions accounting.
This study will compare the CO2e burden borne by carbon fibre manufactured from a conventional carbon fibre feedstock, polyacrylonitrile (PAN), opposite product manufactured from feedstock derived from bitumen.
The study scope, or boundaries, will include understanding and accounting for the CO2e burden associated with bitumen extraction and processing, specifically producing an asphaltic feedstock for manufacturing carbon fibre, up to and including manufacturing carbon fibre.  The scope includes a parallel study to determine the CO2e burden associated with carbon fibre manufactured from PAN, including raw material extraction, PAN synthesis and conversion to carbon fibre.  End use and ultimate disposal of carbon fibre manufactured from these feedstocks are excluded from the study as the ultimate use and fate may be assumed to be identical.
Study scope will include commentary on potential carbon credit markets associated with diverting bitumen from the fuels pool to durable goods as well as offer engineering suggestions on how to reduce the CO2e burden associated with manufacturing carbon fibre.
Credibility of this study will depend on close compliance with international standards and methodologies for GHG accounting and reliance on broadly accepted emissions reporting data, e.g. Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP) and other internationally recognized emissions accounting data bases.
Judgements based on engineering, legal and GHG accounting practices will be required to discriminate between direct and indirect emissions.  This will be required to ensure a fair comparison between carbon fibre CO2e burden associated with bitumen vs. PAN feedstocks.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Prepare a written report with accompanying final PowerPoint presentation(s), describing GHG accounting systems and process used to complete the comparative LCA’s.  Differences in carbon burden between product produced from the competing feedstocks will be clearly described.  The descriptions will differentiate between CO2e burdens associated with the respective feedstocks that are discretionary (subject to currently available energy efficiency opportunities) and emissions that are not discretionary.
Consideration will be given to the following:
• Chemistry of bitumen as a feedstock compared to resources needed to manufacture PAN, chemical changes as resources are processed into carbon fibre feedstock to understand discretionary and non-discretionary as well as direct and indirect emissions;
• Potential manufacturing process opportunities to reduce CO2e emissions associated with converting bitumen into carbon fibre;
• GHG emission intensity (kg of CO2e/kg of product) and potential ‘cost of carbon’ economics ($/kg costs based on current as well as projected international carbon market pricing), associated with product derived from bitumen vs. PAN
• Carbon market opportunities or vulnerabilities associated with each feedstock
• Expected weakness and uncertainties associated with the PAN vs. bitumen LCA.  Although absolute CO2e intensity is important, relative intensity between the two feedstocks must be addressed;
• Recommended next steps to improve future LCA’s as well as engineering options to reduce GHG intensity considering business and legal factors associated with GHG accounting and reporting.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
One chemical engineer, one mechanical engineer one environmental engineer, one business administration student with accounting practices, one lawyer
Company Name
Canadian Wollastonite
Industry/Sector
Mining
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Creating economic products from mine tailings and by-products.
Company Description /Background
Canadian Wollastonite is a recently licensed mining company that is developing a world class wollastonite deposit located in NE Kingston along Hwy 15. It is a large mine source currently selling into Steel, Agriculture and Horticulture industries. The company is looking to maximize the value of its tailings products.
Project Description and motivation
This project represents a practical, real world requirement for all mining companies. The goal of sustainable mining is to ensure everything that extracted, finds a useful home. For Canadian Wollastonite, this is even more important as ours is the first industrial minerals mine to be licensed in S. Ontario more than 30 years. All eyes are on us!
CW produces several tailing products which we wish to finding or create markets for. These include both wollastonite by-products of production, and ancillary ores that are extracted as part of the wollastonite mining operations. The team members will need to think out of the box, looking carefully at chemical make-up, particle shapes and sizes, and volumes available. Some markets have been suggested that need to be further explored such as grouts, roofing tiles, concrete applications. We believe many others exist.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
A business case outlining suitable markets for the various by-products, together with a marketing plan describing effort, cost, capital requirements and steps necessary to develop these markets.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
A multidisciplinary team would be ideal. Mining, Chem Eng, Business.
Company Name
ENCANA Corporation
Industry/Sector
Oil & Gas
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Drilling Rig Power System Efficiency Improvement
Company Description /Background
Encana is a leading North American energy producer that is focused on growing its strong portfolio of diverse resource plays producing natural gas, oil and natural gas liquids.
Project Description and motivation
Encana operates a fleet of 10 to 20 drilling rigs in British Columbia, Alberta, and Texas. These rigs run 24hrs a day, drilling horizontal shale gas and oil wells up to 7 kilometers long. Each rig is powered by a set of large internal combustion engines that burn thousands of liters a day in fuel. These generators are inefficient, dated, and costly. Encana would like to modify or re-design the power systems to increase efficiency and reduce fuel costs and emissions.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review the efficiency of the current drilling rig power systems
• Analyze the technical and commercial viability of various options to modify or re-design the power systems. Focus on reducing emissions and minimizing operating costs. For example:
     o Alternative fuel sources
     o Alternative generation technology
     o Connection to utility provided electrical power
     o Software to optimize engine loading
     o Heat or mechanical energy recovery systems
     o Hybrid-electric or energy storage systems
• Propose the most economically viable way of modifying the existing power systems to increase efficiency
• Propose the most cost and energy efficient power system for a new-build drilling rig
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• 3-5 Students
• Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical or Computer Engineering
• Commerce
Company Name
Ontario East Wood Centre
Industry/Sector
Bioeconomy
Location
Prescott, ON
Project Title or Summary
Soybean Processing for World Markets
Company Description /Background
The OEWC is a not-for-profit corporation focused on sustainable and innovative development in the bioeconomy of Eastern Ontario. Our focus is on three key activities: advocating, networking and advising. Our main goal is maintaining and developing the bioeoconomy as a strategic focus based on innovation and collaboration with a broad range of partners and associates.
Project Description and motivation
Soybeans are a major western Canada and Ontario crop. Currently the Port of Johnstown moves 6800 tonnes of unprocessed soybeans per day during the long soybean harvest. Current markets, world trade issues, food shortages, agronomics and climate change considerations have suggested potential for soybean processing into a wide array of products including edible and most importantly nutritional products for humans around the world, oil, meal, biodiesel, oleochemicals and much more.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review of current Canadian soybean supply, transportation, current processing capacity in Canada, literature review re soybean consumption, review of value of soybeans in human nutrition and health, agronomics and world capacity
• Identification of most viable and promising products and their processing
• Designs of bioprocessors
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• Six students
• Three chemical engineering students, one biochemistry student and two commerce students
Company Name
Ontario Power Generation, OPG
Industry/Sector
Electricity Generation
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project – Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
Company Description /Background
OPG is an Ontario-based electricity generation company whose principal business is the generation and sale of electricity in Ontario. Our focus is on the efficient production and sale of electricity from our generation assets, while operating in a safe, open and environmentally responsible manner. 
OPG's generating portfolio has a total capacity of over 16,000 megawatts (MW) making us one of the largest power generators in North America. Our generating assets include:
2 nuclear generating stations
1 thermal generating station
2 biomass generating stations
66 hydroelectric generating stations
Project Description and motivation
Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
OPG is currently evaluating redevelopment options for the Calabogie Hydroelectric Generating Station (GS). The Calabogie GS is a 5MW hydroelectric station located 22km south of Renfrew, ON, which has been in-service since 1917 and is approaching the end of its expected service life. The Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project is currently in the Definition phase, and a JV between SNC Lavalin and Sullivan & Son (SNC&S) has been hired to complete the Front-End Engineering Design (FEED). The redevelopment options being considered for Calabogie GS include increasing the installed capacity from 5MW to 12MW, which in turn would increase the average annual energy production. As a part of the FEED process, SNC&S is completing computer modelling/simulation in order to assess the hydrology system in the Madawaska River which will impact the average annual energy production of the redeveloped Calabogie GS.
The project that OPG is proposing as it relates to Queen’s TEAM is assessing the hydrological system in the Madawaska River utilizing a physical hydraulic model, which would provide affirmation that the computer modelling/simulation completed by SNC&S is valid and can be utilized as a part of the redevelopment evaluation.
Queen’s University (not sure if TEAM) participated in the similar exercise completed for the Ranney Falls GS Redevelopment Project, in collaboration with Ryerson University.
Additional resources can be made available in order to undertake this project, given the relative complexity of the project.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Create a physical hydraulic model for the Madawaska River, including water flows into Calabogie GS.
• Provide an assessment of the hydrological resource available at Calabogie GS using the physical hydraulic model, and the average annual energy production for the redeveloped Calabogie GS (potentially for multiple MW capacity options).
• Provide a report outlining any discrepancies between TEAM’s and SNC&S’s assessment of the hydrology system at the Madawaska River, and reasoning for such discrepancies.
• Work with SNC&S and KGS (OPG’s Owner’s Representative) throughout the project and relay any key findings that may impact the redevelopment evaluation for Calabogie GS.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
Hydrotechnical/Civil/Environmental Engineering Student, CHEE
Company Name
Ontario Power Generation, OPG
Industry/Sector
Electricity Generation
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Power-to-Gas Evaluation for the OPG Renewable Generation Business
Company Description /Background
OPG is an Ontario-based electricity generation company whose principal business is the generation and sale of electricity in Ontario. Our focus is on the efficient production and sale of electricity from our generation assets, while operating in a safe, open and environmentally responsible manner. 
OPG's generating portfolio has a total capacity of over 16,000 megawatts (MW) making us one of the largest power generators in North America. Our generating assets include:
2 nuclear generating stations
1 thermal generating station
2 biomass generating stations
66 hydroelectric generating stations
Project Description and motivation
The Renewable Generation business unit at OPG is interested in an evaluation of Power-to-Gas technologies.  Specifically the evaluation of potential pilot projects to address operational challenges, and to improve environmental performance.
The following are some operational opportunities:
• Utilizing excess power (i.e. surplus baseload generation) to develop hydrogen fuels.
• Reducing generating unit ramping to protect equipment, while continuing to deliver flexible electricity dispatch to the market and simultaneously developing hydrogen fuels (see Appendix 1).
An evaluation of markets and associated revenue potential for hydrogen fuels is also required.  Potential opportunities include:
• Utilizing hydrogen for OPG biomass transport, to demonstrate the viability of hydrogen fuels while reducing the carbon footprint of operations.
• Selling hydrogen fuels into the natural gas system.
• Utilizing hydrogen for other mobility applications, or to develop power.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Evaluate the merits and technical readiness of current hydrogen production systems utilising electrolysis.
• Summarise the economic and technical opportunities for the use of hydrogen produced via the P2G pathway, including but not limited to direct injection into the natural gas grid, control of intermittent electrical demand, hydrogen-to-power and hydrogen for mobility.
• Evaluate promising locations in Ontario to pilot and study identified concepts.
• Determine the viability and benefits of upgrading produced hydrogen to renewable natural gas (RNG).
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
Hydrotechnical/Civil/Environmental Engineering Student, CHEE
Company Name
Perpetual Energy Inc.
Industry/Sector
Energy
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Using Algae to Improve the Quality of Heavy Oil
Company Description /Background
Perpetual Energy Inc. is a Canadian energy company that is engaged in the exploration, development and marketing of oil and natural gas based energy in Alberta, Canada. The Company operates a diversified asset portfolio that includes liquids-rich gas in the Alberta Deep Basin, conventional heavy oil producing properties, shallow gas and undeveloped bitumen resource properties. Perpetual is also pursuing opportunities to use emerging technologies to enhance their current operations.
Project Description and motivation
Algae growth using industrial process emissions has been proven as a viable method of reducing a facility’s environmental footprint. Perpetual Energy, in cooperation with Pond Technologies Inc. is investigating the feasibility of using algal oil to increase the quality of their products. The project will require students to investigate and evaluate potential solutions to the problem. Upon identifying the best available technology, students will be asked to design and optimize a process that provides the greatest benefit to Perpetual.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Research of technologies available to incorporate algae into Perpetual’s business
• Cost/Benefit analysis of available technologies
• Identification of best available solution
• GHG lifecycle analysis
• Economic analysis and Risk Assessment
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
5 Students (CHEE/ENCH, CHEM, BIOL, COMM)
Company Name
BASF Corporation
Industry/Sector
Construction and Construction Chemicals
Location
Wyandotte, Michigan
Project Title or Summary
Primary and secondary technical market research on market opportunities related to the management and containment of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) at existing infrastructure sites, construction sites and in the water supply
Company Description /Background
BASF is the world’s leading chemical company – The Chemical Company. With about 113,000 employees and close to 370 production sites worldwide, we serve customers and partners in almost all countries of the world.  Six of the production sites are “Verbund “ sites, a term that refers to the nearly complete integration of waste products from one manufacturing process as raw materials for making other products.
In 2016, BASF posted sales of €57.5 billion and income before special items of approximately €7.3 billion.
At BASF, we create chemistry - and have been doing so for over 150 years. As the world's leading chemical company, we combine economic success with environmental protection and social responsibility. Through science and innovation we enable our customers in nearly every industry to meet the current and future needs of society.
Our products and system solutions contribute to conserving resources, ensuring healthy food and nutrition and helping to improve quality of life globally.  The ingredients we supply go into products that most people use or consume every day.  We are a key partner to the aerospace, automotive, construction, agriculture, food nutrition, and packaging industries to name only a few.
We have summed up this contribution in our corporate purpose:
We create chemistry for a sustainable future.
Project Description and motivations
Consistent with BASF’s strategy of achieving organic growth by providing innovative and sustainable solutions to the marketplace, BASF Performance Materials is committing resources to exploring new uses for our diverse portfolio of materials to address the emerging needs related to the management and containment of PFAS at existing infrastructure sites, construction sites and in the water supply.    The BASF need in this project is to gain a clear understanding of several key elements of this market, including:
Phase 1 Elements
• Number of sites and municipalities effected by PFAS in North America and globally, and where action is required and or desired
• Approximate value of an effective solution to the stakeholders and decision makers (i.e. willingness to pay)
• Technical requirements and thresholds that need to be satisfied for a solution to be considered effective.
• Identification and valuation of existing solutions, which companies are offering them, and any pros/cons of those solutions.
Phase 2 Elements
• Identification of key stakeholders and dynamics at the different types of effected sites and municipalities.
• Identification of decision makers and the decision making process related to remediation and containment at effected sites.
• Identification and ranking of needs and priorities among decision makers related to PFAS issues.
Members of this team would be conducting market research in two phases.  The first will involve secondary research on the Phase 1 elements listed above.  The second phase will be primary research, direct contact with stakeholders at effected locations and possibly others.   This will involve setting up and conducting interviews with these stakeholders and decision makers, and then compiling and interpreting the information. 
The project could involve travel to the United States, and interactions with end users /decision makers at effected locations. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
A written report at the conclusion of the project illustrating the findings related to all of the elements listed above.  Also required are recommendations for the business development strategy.  Of particular importance are:

• Size and valuation of the North American market
• The primary solution providers currently in North America, and the benefits and shortcomings of those solutions
• An accounting of primary research with stakeholders and decision makers with emphasis on needs, pain points and willingness to pay.
• A list of major global sites where PFAS issues need to be addressed (does not need to be comprehensive).
• Recommendations for the business development strategy, along with the rationale behind the recommendations.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• 1 or 2 chemistry or chemical engineering students
• 1 or 2 commerce students
• 1 or 2 civil engineering students
Company Name
32 Degrees Ventures Inc
Industry/Sector
Science, Technology, Engineering and Innovation
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Quantifiable understanding of water waste in ice production
Company Description /Background
32 Degrees was founded on a curiosity to understand, specifically, water waste through ice. There is little to no public awareness around ice usage, it is a product that consumers think little of with regards to both price point and water and electrical waste. We aim to discover the environmental impact ice has and collaborate to find solutions to help reduce that impact.
Project Description and motivation
Leveraging from the work of 2017 TEAM project, and through flowmeter customized technology, develop a sustainable, scalable research tool and study to understand the broader impact of ice machines in the restaurant/ bar industry. 32 Degrees is a zero profit organization based on the passion of two individuals that believe there is some form of environmental water waste. We need the help of students to help us discover what that waste is and the effects it’s having on the environment.

• 160,000l used in an average ice machine in a 1 year
• 72% of that water is turned to grey water before ice production
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
· Customized flowmeter (adapted from existing product on the market) with technology to track and quantify data remotely such as a cloud based Arduino system
· More accurate environmental impact report from findings of 2017
· Replicate and scalable technology for further research – national project later
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
· 2 - 6 students
· Mixed discipline, we are looking for curious thinkers to tackle an unusual question including technology for hardware and software integrations
Company Name
Fluor Canada Ltd.
Industry/Sector
Energy and Chemicals
Location
Calgary, Alberta
Project Title or Summary
An Integrated Platform for Augmented Reality in the Oil & Gas Sector
Company Description /Background
Fluor Canada provides engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, and construction management services for clients throughout Canada and around the world. Fluor Canada is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and serves the energy & chemicals, power, infrastructure, mining & metals, and life sciences & manufacturing industries.
Project Description and motivation
Augmented reality, although continually developing, is underutilized in the oil and gas sector. This has immense potential in a variety of areas, for both EPC companies and operating companies alike.
An integrated platform that would encompass “layering” of independent layers of information on an operating plant framework of lasergrammetry or photogrammetry would bring a new, ground-breaking spectrum of information to the industry.
Independent layers of information could be:
1. Real-time plant operating data (P, T, Flowrates) from Process Historian Database (PHD)
2. System hydraulic analyses from Fluor’s proprietary PALS software
3. System H&MB information from Aspen HYSYS
4. Heat exchanger heat transfer information from HTRI software
5. Reliability and Maintainability  (RAM) information from Aspen Fidelis software
6. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) information from FLUENT software
7. Hydrocarbon or toxic atmospheric realease information from PHAST software
8. Equipment datasheets, and maintenance and repair records
9. Instrument datasheets, and maintenance and repair records
10. etc.
Augmenting a plant framework of lasergrammetry or protogrammetry with these “layers” would enable operating companies to view, troubleshoot, and diagnose plant operating issues in real-time with never-before seen capabilities. Rapid troubleshooting and diagnoses (i.e., within hours) would enable plants to offset operating costs associated with business interruption that may otherwise take days or even weeks.
Furthermore, this would enable real-time plant optimization with never-before seen capabilities.
Business case drivers could be:
1. Reduced plant downtime
2. Improved plant production; quantity
3. Improved plant production; product quality
4. Improved predictive maintenance and reduced OPEX in regards to preventative repair
5. etc.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
1. Review and brief on pros/cons of utilizing lasergrammetry versus photogrammetry (i.e., the plant framework) for this application
2. Review and brief on available software platform(s) that may be used to implement “layering” onto the plant framework
3. Demonstrate at minimum, two “layers” of integration onto the plant framework, utilizing the recommended platform
4. Develop high-level business case analysis suggestive that this concept is attractive to operating facilities in Canada and may be marketed to the oil and gas industry by Fluor
5. Notes:
     a. Fluor has operating licences to above-noted software, with the exception of PHD. Accessibility may be available; to be discussed.
     b. Fluor has an operating license, and currently operates the virtual reality system 3D Studio Max Interactive. This system should be considered as a recommended platform for the installation of the plant framework and layers.
     c. Fluor has a business case model that may be referenced for Item 4, above.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
Suggest 3 to 5 students on the team; preference is 1 to two chemical engineers and 1 to 2 computer science students
Company Name
Fluor Canada Ltd.
Industry/Sector
Energy and Chemicals
Location
Calgary, Alberta
Project Title or Summary
Optimized Design and Economic Model for Direct Contact Steam Generation for Power Generation
Company Description /Background
Fluor Canada provides engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, and construction management services for clients throughout Canada and around the world. Fluor Canada is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and serves the energy & chemicals, power, infrastructure, mining & metals, and life sciences & manufacturing industries.
Project Description and motivation
Direct contact steam generation is a technology that performs combustion at high pressure in the presence of boiler feed water. This produces a high energy stream with theoretically high energy recovery and potential for simplified recovery of greenhouse gases. Direct contact steam generators (DCSGs) have been piloted by a number of equipment suppliers to date and are approaching commercialization. The target applications have been thermal oil production and waste water evaporation, but there has not been a holistic evaluation of how this technology could focus on thermal power generation/cogeneration. Particularly since this steam generator has a number of qualities that may lead to a step change within the industry:
• High pressure and temperature stream is a versatile energy source that could be utilized in a number of ways
• Pressurized exhaust lends itself to CO2 separation and sequestration processes
• Water production has potential to minimize water intake and supply third parties
• An open boiler feed water loop may allow for processing of waste water and produce a low contamination effluent.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
An optimized design for direct contact steam generation, along with an economic model that addresses the following elements:
• A system that finds economic use for the steam, water, and low grade heat generated
• Energy cycle/power generation technology – Selecting a system that maximizes energy recovery and limits capital installation is critical for a practical use case
• Low grade heat consumer – Identifying a process that could monetize low grade heat; desalination, solution mining, or even HVAC applications are a few options
• Water use/reuse options – Assessing potential consumers of generated water with consideration for fuel contaminants; some examples would be desalination facilities, aquifer recharging, irrigation, industrial process demand
• Fuel options – Pipeline natural gas is a logical source as it has low contamination and is already at elevated pressure; lower cost fuels could be evaluated
• Oxygen enrichment technology – Lowering the volume of oxidant reduces compression requirements and increases the temperature profiles of the exhaust
• Heat exchanger technology – The high duty of the process makes this a potential candidate for considering leading edge heat exchange technology
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
A solution requires a holistic approach that would necessitate a multidisciplinary team. A team composition that includes business administration, engineering, environmental with a student from the arts program is suggested.
Company Name
Young Pipeliners Association of Canada
Industry/Sector
Pipeline
Location
Calgary, Alberta
Project Title or Summary
Minimizing Ground Disturbance for Pipeline Construction
Company Description /Background
Founded in 2012, the Young Pipeliners Association of Canada (YPAC) is a grassroots organization dedicated to ensuring the sustainable future of the pipeline industry. Funded through grants and industry, YPAC seeks to achieve its goals:
• to be a Canada-wide network focused on the attraction, engagement, and retention of young professionals to the pipeline industry
• to provide opportunities to the full spectrum of young professionals employed in the pipeline industry to learn the breadth and depth of the business
• to facilitate knowledge transfer between industry and young professionals that will retain industry memory and facilitate succession
• to influence the direction of industry by providing a young professionals perspective to issues of importance
YPAC’s industry supporters and partners can be found here.
Project Description and motivation
The project’s purpose is to objectively evaluate existing pipeline construction techniques and to propose an improvement to the industry.  The intended outcome of the project is to highlight best practices and determine a safer, faster, and/or cheaper method to construct onshore oil and gas pipelines.
The high level scope is to:
1. Evaluate (pros, cons, when to use) existing technologies in use for onshore pipeline construction (HDD, open cut, microtunneling)
2. Evaluate a conceptual design (ie, onsite manufacturing of carbon fibre pipe production or other non-ferrous pipelines, adapt offshore pipe-laying technologies, etc…) and determine business feasibility for the selected concept that will minimize ground disturbance and reducing the footprint for onshore pipeline construction.
YPAC’s interest in this project is that it provides an independent and “fresh” look that will address an existing industry challenge, creates an opportunity for young engineers to learn about the pipeline industry and engage with industry leaders, and potentially provides a viable business opportunity within the industry.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Report that:
          o Recommends best practices for onshore pipeline construction
          o Proposes and evaluates a concept that will minimize ground disturbance and reduce the footprint for the construction of onshore oil and gas pipelines
          o Determines business feasibility of the selected concept.
• Presentation to industry executives involved in the construction of oil and gas pipelines
• Presentation to experts in the pipeline industry (tentative)
• Presentation at pipeline related conferences (tentative)
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• 4-5 students (preferred 4)
• Discipline mix:
         o Minimum 1 engineer in mech/civil
         o Engineer in Chem/EngChem, Mining, Environmental, Geological, Design
         o Business (optional if others can do the business case)
         o Environmental Studies (optional if engineer in environmental or geo are available)
Company Name
ENCANA
Industry/Sector
Oil & Gas
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Remote Wellsite Design and Optimization
Company Description /Background
Encana is a leading North American energy producer that is focused on growing its strong portfolio of diverse resource plays producing natural gas, oil and natural gas liquids.
Project Description and motivation
With over 900 oil and gas wells flowing from over 200 surface locations, Encana’s Montney play is an expansive resource. The asset, net to Encana, currently produces 841MMcf/day of gas and 36Mbbls/day of natural gas liquids.  
Almost exclusively, Encana’s wellsites are remotely located and do not have easy access to a conventional power grid that would be used to power a typical Canadian home. Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) and solar panels have been used to power wellsites to varying degrees of success in the past. With a focus on reliability, newer technologies both for power generation and otherwise have not been widely implemented on Encana wellsites.
With impending changes to carbon tax regimes, exploration and production companies now face the challenge of managing the cost of remote wellsite power generation, gas driven pumps and valve actuation equipment. Further compounded by a lower commodity price environment, Encana must find a way to lower capital and operating costs.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
This remote wellsite design project will focus on Encana’s largest Montney asset in Northeastern BC. The goals of this project are to:
1. Explore available technologies that could be implemented on Encana wellsites
          a. Review engineering drawings for Encana’s standard wellsite design
          b. Recommend available technologies for trial that could reduce    wellsite capital, opex, or future taxation costs
2. Reduce lifecycle cost of remote wellsite power generation
          a. Explore power generation technologies inside and outside of the energy industry building carbon tax costs into the lifecycle analysis
          b. Consider capital cost, operating cost and environmental impact when recommending technologies for in-field trials
          c. Explore lifecycle impact reduction for wellsites (i.e. wireless transmitters, lease space requirements, alternative materials)
3. Run sensitivities on the business impact of federal and provincial carbon tax regimes
          a. Consider high and low cases for price per ton of CO2
          b. Consider impact of pricing by emitted product (CO2 vs. CH4)
4. Run sensitivities on wellsite power consumption
          a. Profile power consumption required for various forms of artificial lift
          b. Profile power consumption for both electric and pneumatic pumping systems for various pressure regimes, injection philosophies and injection rates
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
CHEE, MECH
Company Name
Veresen Midstream
Industry/Sector
Midstream Oil & Gas
Location
Hythe Plant  11-18-074-12W6M
Project Title or Summary
Sulphur Receipt, Preparation and Transportation
Company Description /Background
Veresen is a publicly-traded dividend paying corporation based in Calgary, Alberta, that owns and operates energy infrastructure assets across North America. Veresen is engaged in three principal businesses: a pipeline transportation business comprised of interests in three pipeline systems, the Alliance Pipeline, the Ruby Pipeline system and the Alberta Ethane Gathering System; a midstream business which includes ownership interests in a world-class natural gas liquids extraction facility near Chicago, the Hythe/Steeprock complex, and other natural gas and natural gas liquids processing energy infrastructure; and a power business with a portfolio of assets in Canada and the United States.
Project Description and motivation
The Hythe plant removes sulphur from the gas stream as part of the sweetening process for sales specification gas.  The sulphur is stored on site in a molten form and then transported by truck to BC.  
This project would investigate the feasibility of receiving, storing, and preparing sulphur to be transported by rail, to market in a solid form.
This would include cost evaluation of capital to design and install and a market evaluation of operating cost, shipping cost and market price.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Sulphur Market History
• Capital Estimate
• Operating Estimate
• Shipping Cost
• Cost of 3rd Party Sulphur
• Regulatory requirements
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• Mechanical Engineer
• Process Engineer
• Business
• One more Engineer or Business
Company Name
Veresen Midstream
Industry/Sector
Midstream Oil & Gas
Location
Hythe Plant  11-18-074-12W6M
Project Title or Summary
Methanol Production
Company Description /Background
Veresen is a publicly-traded dividend paying corporation based in Calgary, Alberta, that owns and operates energy infrastructure assets across North America. Veresen is engaged in three principal businesses: a pipeline transportation business comprised of interests in three pipeline systems, the Alliance Pipeline, the Ruby Pipeline system and the Alberta Ethane Gathering System; a midstream business which includes ownership interests in a world-class natural gas liquids extraction facility near Chicago, the Hythe/Steeprock complex, and other natural gas and natural gas liquids processing energy infrastructure; and a power business with a portfolio of assets in Canada and the United States.
Project Description and motivation
The Hythe Plant currently consumes a large amount of Methanol for use in various stages of gas processing.
We would like to evaluate producing our own methanol for use at the plant and potential for use at other Pembina facilities and/or sales.
This would include cost evaluation of capital to design and install and a market evaluation of operating cost, shipping cost and market price.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Methanol Market
• Capital Estimate
• Operating Estimate
• Shipping Cost
• Regulatory requirements
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• Mechanical Engineer
• Process Engineer
• Business
• One more Engineer or Business