TEAM

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Projects Archive

Current Projects List (2018-2019)

(updated: August 01, 2018)

Electronic Bidding - link - closed.

Many projects will be cross boundaries of categories (i.e. an sustainable development or environmental project within the Oil and Gas industry). It's advisable to read all the project descriptions.

Index:

CompanyDiscipline Mix (Suggested, not set in stone)Project (click on the link to jump to the description)
3M Canada Company
CHEE, MECH
Continuous Drying Methods for Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
Borealis GeoPower Inc.
COMM, CHEE
Canoe Reach Geothermal
DuPont Canada
CHEE
In-line separation of solid suspended particles from liquid stream
Utilities Kingston
CHEE, MECH, COMM, LAW, BIO
Microplastics Presence in Municipal Water Treatment Plant Source Water
BlueGreen Innovations Group
CIVL, CHEE, ENSC, BIO, ECON, LAW
Plastics Pollution in the Great Lakes and Engineering Options to Mitigate Impacts
Bowman Centre for Sustainable Energy
CHEM, MECH, ENSC, COMM, LAW
Comparative GHG Life Cycle Assessment; Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen vs. Other Feedstocks
Canadian Wollastonite
MINE, CHEE, COMM
Creating economic products from mine tailings and by-products
ENCANA
ELEC, MECH, CHEE, COMP, COMM
Drilling Rig Power System Efficiency Improvement
Ontario East Wood Centre
CHEE, BIOCHEM, COMM
Soybean Processing for World Markets
Ontario Power Generation
CIVL, CHEE, ELEC
Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project – Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
Ontario Power Generation
CHEE, COMM, MECH, ELEC
Power-to-Gas Evaluation for the OPG Renewable Generation Business

Full Project Descriptions:

Company Name
3M Canada Company - Personal Safety Division
Industry/Sector
Manufacturing
Location
Brockville
Project Title or Summary
Continuous Drying Methods for Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
Company Description /Background
3M is a global technology company that has operations in more than 60 countries with laboratories in 34.  3M’s Personal Safety Division is a leading designer and manufacturer of respiratory protection products for the health care, industrial, first responder and military markets.  Our Brockville Site houses a research and development laboratory, quality assurance laboratory, a filter manufacturing plant and a carbon treatment plant.  Treated activated carbon is used in respiratory protection products to remove toxic gases and vapors from air. The carbon treated in Brockville is used in 3M plants globally to manufacture such respiratory protection filters.
Project Description and motivation
Our typical production process for drying adsorbent materials is a relatively inefficient batch process that involves vacuum and thermal heating. In addition, we have a continuous process that, while able to generate some low moisture materials, remains underutilized due to the absence of a continuous drying process within our facility. It is thought that a continuous microwave drying process may provide the suitably small footprint and rapid moisture drying capabilities coveted by our manufacturing plant. Other drying technologies should also be considered and compared as part of this project.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
The project output should include:
1. Layout and specification for proposed drying equipment
2. Description and ranking of several equipment installation options
3. Energy and labour requirements of the new process
4. Hazard assessment, including dust containment
5. Estimated capital costs
6. Estimated cost of the final product
7. Summary, conclusions and recommendations
Suggested number of students and Discipline
3 Chemical or Mechanical Engineering, open to suggestions.
Company Name
Borealis GeoPower Inc.
Industry/Sector
Geothermal Energy
Location
Calgary, Alberta
Project Title or Summary
Canoe Reach Geothermal
Company Description /Background
Borealis is a private Canadian corporation focused on developing scalable high-temperature geothermal projects throughout western and northern Canada. The company also provides consulting services for third party geothermal projects and has undertaken several geothermal energy exploration activities in Canada that span back to 2007.  Borealis is spearheading geothermal exploration and development in Canada and currently has 3 provincially permit-granted properties in its portfolio.
Project Description and motivation
Borealis GeoPower Inc. is currently drilling at it’s flagship project, Canoe Reach Geothermal. The project has received the first ever geothermal resource well authorization issued by the BC Oil and Gas Commission and is planned to progress to a commercial power phase within the next few years.  Students will have the opportunity to facilitate the growth of the Canadian geothermal energy industry and oversee the commercialization of geothermal power in Canada by developing a marketing and commercialization strategy for Canoe Reach Geothermal.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Commercialization Plan: Students will be tasked with writing a commercialization plan that will address the project’s market opportunity and path to commercialization.
• Final Report Support: Students will assist in the preparation of final reports for the company’s various government stakeholders.
• Marketing plan: The team will be conducting a target market analysis, developing a pricing strategy, drafting a social media plan, and creating a marketing strategy.
• Business Development: The team will have the opportunity to implement B2B marketing for Borealis’ innovative commercial geothermal electricity and heat park.
• Operations Optimization: The team will work with Borealis’ engineers to create an energy optimization strategy to maximize the efficiency of the GeoHeat Park.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
The project will require a multidisciplinary team of 4 students, with a mix of students in marketing, communications, chemical engineering, and sales.
Company Name
DuPont Canada
Industry/Sector
Transportation & Advanced Polymers
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
In-line separation of solid suspended particles from liquid stream
Company Description /Background
DuPont is a science company, working across multiple industries to deliver real-world products and smart solutions.
The Transportation & Advanced Polymers division is focused on delivering essential advances to our customers in automotive, electrical and electronics, consumer and industrial and healthcare segments
Project Description and motivation
As part of an industrial polymerization process, an effluent of waste salty water is produced, containing small suspended solid particles of polymer. The solid polymer particles (~10%wt) are valuable and worth recovering from the waste stream.
An in-line system to separate the suspended solids from the liquid should be studied and selected; many available technical options exist in the open literature AND are offered by industrial equipment manufacturers (no invention needed)
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Study the liquid-solid suspension (lab scale sample can be provided)
• Theoretical study of relevant technologies for in-line separation of solids from liquid and assess feasibility for the system in question
• For the identified optimum technology
     o build small scale prototype to be tested
     o OR Contact manufacturer to cost pilot scale equipment (small        scale)
Suggested number of students and Discipline
3 Chem. Eng. students.
Company Name
Utilities Kingston
Industry/Sector
Utilities
Location
Kingston
Project Title or Summary
Microplastics Presence in Municipal Water Treatment Plant Source Water - This project will explore the presence of microplastics in source water to Kingston’s two municipal water treatment plants.
Company Description /Background
The City of Kingston is a municipal government organization for a population of approximately 120,000 that also is the sole shareholder in a utilities corporation that provides local distribution of electricity, natural gas, water and waste water collection, as well as the associated water treatment and waste water treatment plants.Dedicated to the responsible management of integrated services, Utilities Kingston provides the following core utility services:
• An assured clean drinking water supply to 36,000 residential, commercial and institutional customers,
• Collection and treatment of waste water,
• Safe and reliable gas services to nearly 14,000 customers
• Asset management, billing, and operational services to Kingston Hydro, which in turn provides electricity services to 27,000 customers in central Kingston
• Reliable maintenance of over 10,000 street lights and traffic signals at 200 intersections
• Specialized fibre optic broadband networking services. A major benefit is the cost-effective and highly-reliable monitoring of the City’s utility infrastructure.
Project Description and motivation
Cosmetic and personal care products can contain plastic Microbeads, which after use end up in the wastewater stream, and potentially in our lakes and oceans. Further, macro-plastics (those larger than 2mm) can degrade and breakdown creating microplastic particles. This matter has become a controversial topic in the news  and includes work such as a study on the St. Lawrence River by researchers at McGill University.
The prime question that applies to Kingston and others with this issue is:
• Are microplastics present in the source water?
Further the industry may need to consider if plastics are present, what is the concentration and do they pose potential harm to the drinking water produced or the plant waste?
There are a number of goals for this project(s), which will be focussed on one or two of the deliverables, which are:
• Develop sampling, testing and analysis procedure for microplastics within the raw water,
• From literature, determine origin and fate of the plastics,
• The potential opportunity  to evaluate and contrast the presence of microplastics from different water treatment processes.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Literature review to develop technical briefing on area of the project (ie – is there an accepted method of sampling/analysis, what research has been conducted to date on origin and fate, what information is portrayed in media compared with scientific research, etc.)
• Develop and test sampling and analysis procedure(s)
• Evaluation of the effectiveness of the testing method
• Quantitative resultsGiven the potential sensitive nature of the findings, the project findings will be deemed confidential pending review by Utilities Kingston.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
This project would be suited to students in many Engineering disciplines, Aquatic Biology, Public Policy and Industrial Design.

Company Name
BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc.  (working in conjunction with the Royal Bank of Canada – Blue Water Project)
Industry/Sector
Environmental and Energy Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Plastics Pollution in the Great Lakes and Engineering Options to Mitigate Impacts
Company Description /Background
BlueGreen Innovation Group is a multidisciplinary team of professionals linked by a mutual desire to deliver products and services that further environmental, social and economic sustainability.
Our Areas of Focus:
• Innovative technology
• R & D, discovery, evaluation, integration and commercialization
• Renewable energy, biofuels & bio-products
• Energy efficiency & conservation
• Clean water, wastewater, air and solid waste technologies
• Sustainability audits
• Low- energy building systems
• Energy storage technologies
• Manufacturing Systems
BlueGreen Innovation Group will partner with The Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) in support of RBC’s “Blue Water Project2. 
Project Description and motivation
Study and consolidate available information on Plastics Pollution in the Great lakes, including projected impacts and engineering options available to mitigate impacts on the Great Lakes.
BACKGROUND:
Plastic pollution in the oceans has been an observable, studied, reported and understood issue for several years.  That body of knowledge has led to programs and efforts to undue the damage.  Because the problem is well established, it will take years and a lot of resources to resolve the issue.  Some may argue that it is too late to completely undue the damage.  But little seems to be reported around plastic pollution in the Great Lakes.  Is that because there is no issue? Or is there is an issue, which remains unreported?  Or, is there an emerging issue where future impacts could be mitigated if legislative action or best practices and engineering steps were taken before a problem occurs?   
STUDY SCOPE
Conduct a state of the science study into current and potential future impacts to the Great Lakes due to plastics pollution. The study scope includes:
• Sources and types of plastic flows into the Great Lakes.  These flows may occur via several pathways including direct deposition (litter, debris from fishing and shipping, treated effluent discharges including industrial and municipal discharges) as well as indirect, i.e. runoff from surface waters and basins that empty into the Great Lakes. 
• Fate of the various types and physical state (macro/micro/nano) of these plastic flows
• Macro impacts  including esthetic (litter), aquatic creatures becoming entangled in abandoned fishing lines, nets etc., as well as impacts due to micro and nano sized plastic particles.  Note; much of our clothing is made from synthetic materials.  When washed small particles of the fabric are abraded and released into the wash water discharged to municipal waste water treatment plants.  Other sources include ‘micro beads’ added to detergents, cosmetics and even toothpaste. 
• Investigate whether natural processes such as deposition, or biological processes such as zebra mussel filtering activity are removing plastic material.
• Comment on capability and capacity of existing treatment plants to remove these contaminants from municipal water systems as well as identify and suggest, at a conceptual level, engineering upgrades to conventional effluent treatment plants to allow them to more effectively remove micro and nano plastic particles.  In addition to ‘hard’ engineering solutions, ‘soft’ engineering solutions i.e. source control should be identified.  Source control from consumer (beyond simply banning single use plastic straws) and product design and applications perspectives should be considered.
• Investigate steps being taken by governments and institutions to minimize plastic discharges into oceans and applicability of those measures to the Great Lakes.
Scope includes developing health, environmental, ecological and economic impacts as well as costs associated with controls.  Economics associated with impacts as well as cost to implement controls is important for two reasons.
1) It costs nothing to release plastics into the environment, directly or indirectly and society is not requiring removal in treatment plants.  But these costs are borne by society.  Therefore, these costs are ‘externalities’.  Because the half life in the environment of these materials can be decades or even longer, impacts are cumulative, and the externalized costs span this generation as well as future generations. 
2) Understanding the magnitude of the externalities will indicate the extent to which investments should be made to mitigate current impacts, but more importantly, to prevent impacts from rising to levels currently occurring in our oceans.
This project will be a meta-study involving searching the literature for sound and credible information on the subject and consolidating existing information into a summary report.  Since this may be a young area of research, the TEAM will also Identify gaps in current information and recommend future activities and research to help close any knowledge gaps found by the TEAM.  Engineering, business and legal judgement will need to be applied to extrapolate the current state of the Great Lakes in context of plastic pollution to potential future state if no action is taken to mitigate discharge of plastics into the Lakes.  The final report should also recognize and briefly comment on the international legal and political implications of this issue given that the lakes are bordered by several “US states along with Canadian provinces and involves two Federal Governments. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Written report consolidating information in open literature on the issue and augmented by an accompanying presentation.  Impacts on the physical lake system, aquatic life as well as indirect impacts on society including business, fishing, commercial, tourism and recreational uses of the Great Lakes will be included.  Given the international nature of the Great Lakes, the project outputs will include commentary on legal and social implications of this issue.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
One of each; civil engineer, chemical engineer, environmental engineer, biologist, economist; lawyer
Company Name
BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE)
Industry/Sector
Energy Policy Development and Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Comparative GHG Life Cycle Assessment; Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen vs. Other Feedstocks
Company Description /Background
The BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE) is a think tank focusing on Canadian, national scale, energy projects and energy system development.  Dr. Clem Bowman, the founder, is considered by many as the “father of the Alberta Oil Sands”, is a recipient of numerous awards and prestigious international prizes. 
The BCSE is a national organization with associates from across Canada with wide range of expertise including executive, management, business and technical disciplines.  The BCSE is affiliated with the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the Canadian Society for Senior Engineers.
Project Description and motivation
Background
Fossil fuels manufactured from Alberta Bitumen have been criticized for their relatively high greenhouse gas footprint (GHG), leading to resistance to expanding the Oil Sands.  
If the world is successful at decarbonizing its economies the value of Canada’s bitumen resources will be seriously eroded.  However, bitumen as a source of carbon, offers promising potential for use as a feedstock to manufacture durable materials.  Materials not intended for combustion.  
A 2017 Queens University TEAM report, Adding Value to Bitumen identified a suite of such products that could be manufactured using oil sands bitumen as a primary feedstock.   Examples include asphalts, adhesives, coatings, chemicals, plastics and other polymers as well as advanced materials such as carbon fibre and graphene.
A 2018 TEAM follow-up study (Producing Carbon Fibre from a Barrel of Pitch) focused on how to manufacture carbon fibre from bitumen.  That study included process flows, heat and material balances, economics and markets as well as provided the basis for this, third in a series, project proposal.  
Study Scope
This project, building on the 2017 and 2018 TEAM reports, will focus on the GHG burden associated with manufacturing carbon fibre from bitumen.  The study, a GHG Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), will comply with international standards, methodologies and practices for emissions accounting.
This study will compare the CO2e burden borne by carbon fibre manufactured from a conventional carbon fibre feedstock, polyacrylonitrile (PAN), opposite product manufactured from feedstock derived from bitumen.
The study scope, or boundaries, will include understanding and accounting for the CO2e burden associated with bitumen extraction and processing, specifically producing an asphaltic feedstock for manufacturing carbon fibre, up to and including manufacturing carbon fibre.  The scope includes a parallel study to determine the CO2e burden associated with carbon fibre manufactured from PAN, including raw material extraction, PAN synthesis and conversion to carbon fibre.  End use and ultimate disposal of carbon fibre manufactured from these feedstocks are excluded from the study as the ultimate use and fate may be assumed to be identical.
Study scope will include commentary on potential carbon credit markets associated with diverting bitumen from the fuels pool to durable goods as well as offer engineering suggestions on how to reduce the CO2e burden associated with manufacturing carbon fibre.
Credibility of this study will depend on close compliance with international standards and methodologies for GHG accounting and reliance on broadly accepted emissions reporting data, e.g. Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP) and other internationally recognized emissions accounting data bases.
Judgements based on engineering, legal and GHG accounting practices will be required to discriminate between direct and indirect emissions.  This will be required to ensure a fair comparison between carbon fibre CO2e burden associated with bitumen vs. PAN feedstocks.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Prepare a written report with accompanying final PowerPoint presentation(s), describing GHG accounting systems and process used to complete the comparative LCA’s.  Differences in carbon burden between product produced from the competing feedstocks will be clearly described.  The descriptions will differentiate between CO2e burdens associated with the respective feedstocks that are discretionary (subject to currently available energy efficiency opportunities) and emissions that are not discretionary.
Consideration will be given to the following:
• Chemistry of bitumen as a feedstock compared to resources needed to manufacture PAN, chemical changes as resources are processed into carbon fibre feedstock to understand discretionary and non-discretionary as well as direct and indirect emissions;
• Potential manufacturing process opportunities to reduce CO2e emissions associated with converting bitumen into carbon fibre;
• GHG emission intensity (kg of CO2e/kg of product) and potential ‘cost of carbon’ economics ($/kg costs based on current as well as projected international carbon market pricing), associated with product derived from bitumen vs. PAN
• Carbon market opportunities or vulnerabilities associated with each feedstock
• Expected weakness and uncertainties associated with the PAN vs. bitumen LCA.  Although absolute CO2e intensity is important, relative intensity between the two feedstocks must be addressed;
• Recommended next steps to improve future LCA’s as well as engineering options to reduce GHG intensity considering business and legal factors associated with GHG accounting and reporting.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
One chemical engineer, one mechanical engineer one environmental engineer, one business administration student with accounting practices, one lawyer
Company Name
Canadian Wollastonite
Industry/Sector
Mining
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Creating economic products from mine tailings and by-products.
Company Description /Background
Canadian Wollastonite is a recently licensed mining company that is developing a world class wollastonite deposit located in NE Kingston along Hwy 15. It is a large mine source currently selling into Steel, Agriculture and Horticulture industries. The company is looking to maximize the value of its tailings products.
Project Description and motivation
This project represents a practical, real world requirement for all mining companies. The goal of sustainable mining is to ensure everything that extracted, finds a useful home. For Canadian Wollastonite, this is even more important as ours is the first industrial minerals mine to be licensed in S. Ontario more than 30 years. All eyes are on us!
CW produces several tailing products which we wish to finding or create markets for. These include both wollastonite by-products of production, and ancillary ores that are extracted as part of the wollastonite mining operations. The team members will need to think out of the box, looking carefully at chemical make-up, particle shapes and sizes, and volumes available. Some markets have been suggested that need to be further explored such as grouts, roofing tiles, concrete applications. We believe many others exist.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
A business case outlining suitable markets for the various by-products, together with a marketing plan describing effort, cost, capital requirements and steps necessary to develop these markets.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
A multidisciplinary team would be ideal. Mining, Chem Eng, Business.
Company Name
ENCANA Corporation
Industry/Sector
Oil & Gas
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Drilling Rig Power System Efficiency Improvement
Company Description /Background
Encana is a leading North American energy producer that is focused on growing its strong portfolio of diverse resource plays producing natural gas, oil and natural gas liquids.
Project Description and motivation
Encana operates a fleet of 10 to 20 drilling rigs in British Columbia, Alberta, and Texas. These rigs run 24hrs a day, drilling horizontal shale gas and oil wells up to 7 kilometers long. Each rig is powered by a set of large internal combustion engines that burn thousands of liters a day in fuel. These generators are inefficient, dated, and costly. Encana would like to modify or re-design the power systems to increase efficiency and reduce fuel costs and emissions.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review the efficiency of the current drilling rig power systems
• Analyze the technical and commercial viability of various options to modify or re-design the power systems. Focus on reducing emissions and minimizing operating costs. For example:
     o Alternative fuel sources
     o Alternative generation technology
     o Connection to utility provided electrical power
     o Software to optimize engine loading
     o Heat or mechanical energy recovery systems
     o Hybrid-electric or energy storage systems
• Propose the most economically viable way of modifying the existing power systems to increase efficiency
• Propose the most cost and energy efficient power system for a new-build drilling rig
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• 3-5 Students
• Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical or Computer Engineering
• Commerce
Company Name
Ontario East Wood Centre
Industry/Sector
Bioeconomy
Location
Prescott, ON
Project Title or Summary
Soybean Processing for World Markets
Company Description /Background
The OEWC is a not-for-profit corporation focused on sustainable and innovative development in the bioeconomy of Eastern Ontario. Our focus is on three key activities: advocating, networking and advising. Our main goal is maintaining and developing the bioeoconomy as a strategic focus based on innovation and collaboration with a broad range of partners and associates.
Project Description and motivation
Soybeans are a major western Canada and Ontario crop. Currently the Port of Johnstown moves 6800 tonnes of unprocessed soybeans per day during the long soybean harvest. Current markets, world trade issues, food shortages, agronomics and climate change considerations have suggested potential for soybean processing into a wide array of products including edible and most importantly nutritional products for humans around the world, oil, meal, biodiesel, oleochemicals and much more.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review of current Canadian soybean supply, transportation, current processing capacity in Canada, literature review re soybean consumption, review of value of soybeans in human nutrition and health, agronomics and world capacity
• Identification of most viable and promising products and their processing
• Designs of bioprocessors
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
• Six students
• Three chemical engineering students, one biochemistry student and two commerce students
Company Name
Ontario Power Generation, OPG
Industry/Sector
Electricity Generation
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project – Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
Company Description /Background
OPG is an Ontario-based electricity generation company whose principal business is the generation and sale of electricity in Ontario. Our focus is on the efficient production and sale of electricity from our generation assets, while operating in a safe, open and environmentally responsible manner. 
OPG's generating portfolio has a total capacity of over 16,000 megawatts (MW) making us one of the largest power generators in North America. Our generating assets include:
2 nuclear generating stations
1 thermal generating station
2 biomass generating stations
66 hydroelectric generating stations
Project Description and motivation
Hydraulic Modelling Utilizing a Physical Model
OPG is currently evaluating redevelopment options for the Calabogie Hydroelectric Generating Station (GS). The Calabogie GS is a 5MW hydroelectric station located 22km south of Renfrew, ON, which has been in-service since 1917 and is approaching the end of its expected service life. The Calabogie GS Redevelopment Project is currently in the Definition phase, and a JV between SNC Lavalin and Sullivan & Son (SNC&S) has been hired to complete the Front-End Engineering Design (FEED). The redevelopment options being considered for Calabogie GS include increasing the installed capacity from 5MW to 12MW, which in turn would increase the average annual energy production. As a part of the FEED process, SNC&S is completing computer modelling/simulation in order to assess the hydrology system in the Madawaska River which will impact the average annual energy production of the redeveloped Calabogie GS.
The project that OPG is proposing as it relates to Queen’s TEAM is assessing the hydrological system in the Madawaska River utilizing a physical hydraulic model, which would provide affirmation that the computer modelling/simulation completed by SNC&S is valid and can be utilized as a part of the redevelopment evaluation.
Queen’s University (not sure if TEAM) participated in the similar exercise completed for the Ranney Falls GS Redevelopment Project, in collaboration with Ryerson University.
Additional resources can be made available in order to undertake this project, given the relative complexity of the project.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Create a physical hydraulic model for the Madawaska River, including water flows into Calabogie GS.
• Provide an assessment of the hydrological resource available at Calabogie GS using the physical hydraulic model, and the average annual energy production for the redeveloped Calabogie GS (potentially for multiple MW capacity options).
• Provide a report outlining any discrepancies between TEAM’s and SNC&S’s assessment of the hydrology system at the Madawaska River, and reasoning for such discrepancies.
• Work with SNC&S and KGS (OPG’s Owner’s Representative) throughout the project and relay any key findings that may impact the redevelopment evaluation for Calabogie GS.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
Hydrotechnical/Civil/Environmental Engineering Student, CHEE
Company Name
Ontario Power Generation, OPG
Industry/Sector
Electricity Generation
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Power-to-Gas Evaluation for the OPG Renewable Generation Business
Company Description /Background
OPG is an Ontario-based electricity generation company whose principal business is the generation and sale of electricity in Ontario. Our focus is on the efficient production and sale of electricity from our generation assets, while operating in a safe, open and environmentally responsible manner. 
OPG's generating portfolio has a total capacity of over 16,000 megawatts (MW) making us one of the largest power generators in North America. Our generating assets include:
2 nuclear generating stations
1 thermal generating station
2 biomass generating stations
66 hydroelectric generating stations
Project Description and motivation
The Renewable Generation business unit at OPG is interested in an evaluation of Power-to-Gas technologies.  Specifically the evaluation of potential pilot projects to address operational challenges, and to improve environmental performance.
The following are some operational opportunities:
• Utilizing excess power (i.e. surplus baseload generation) to develop hydrogen fuels.
• Reducing generating unit ramping to protect equipment, while continuing to deliver flexible electricity dispatch to the market and simultaneously developing hydrogen fuels (see Appendix 1).
An evaluation of markets and associated revenue potential for hydrogen fuels is also required.  Potential opportunities include:
• Utilizing hydrogen for OPG biomass transport, to demonstrate the viability of hydrogen fuels while reducing the carbon footprint of operations.
• Selling hydrogen fuels into the natural gas system.
• Utilizing hydrogen for other mobility applications, or to develop power.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Evaluate the merits and technical readiness of current hydrogen production systems utilising electrolysis.
• Summarise the economic and technical opportunities for the use of hydrogen produced via the P2G pathway, including but not limited to direct injection into the natural gas grid, control of intermittent electrical demand, hydrogen-to-power and hydrogen for mobility.
• Evaluate promising locations in Ontario to pilot and study identified concepts.
• Determine the viability and benefits of upgrading produced hydrogen to renewable natural gas (RNG).
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix
Hydrotechnical/Civil/Environmental Engineering Student, CHEE