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Projects Archive

2016-20172015-2016; 2014-20152013-2014
2012-20132011-20122010-20112009-2010
2008-2009; 2007-20082006-2007; 1995-2005.

Current Projects List (2017-2018)

(updated: May 11, 2017)

Electronic Bidding - link - closed.

Many projects will be cross boundaries of categories (i.e. an sustainable development or environmental project within the Oil and Gas industry). It's advisable to read all the project descriptions.

Index:

CompanyDiscipline Mix (Suggested, not set in stone)Project (click on the link to jump to the description)
3M CHEE, MECH, ENCH Manufacture of New Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
32 Degrees Mixed 32 Degrees is a venture in the pursuit of discovering the environmental impact ice has through water and electrical waste
Automatic Coating Limited Responsible resource development: A look at a Canadian made environmentally friendly way of stripping contaminants off pipe and the opportunity for its utilization
AgriMed Botanicals Inc. ENG, COMM "Uncovering the Barriers and Solutions to Prescribing Cannabis for Medicinal Purposes amongst family doctors"
Barrick Gold Corp. CHEE, MINE, MECH, COMM, BIOL, CIVL Biological heap leaching at neutral pH
Barrick Gold Corp. BIOL, COMM, MINE, CHEE Is microbially generated power viable?
BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc CIVL, ENG, BIOL, ECON Projected Climate Change Impacts to the Great Lakes
Bowman Centre CHEE, MECH, CHEM, COMM Manufacturing Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen
Brookfield LAW, Policy, ENG, COMM It's not easy being green... Offsets vs. additionality vs. clean load matching
CAWST CHEE, ENG Investigation into the safety of acrylic tubing used in drinking water filters in the developing world
Husky Oil Operations Ltd. CHEE, COMM Post Combustion CO2 Capture Technology Review, Evaluation and Screening
Husky Oil Operations Ltd. CHEE, MECH, GEOL, LAW, Policy Produced Gas Sweeting, CO2 Removal and Injection
MEG Energy CHEE, MECH, ELEC, COMM Waste Heat Recovery From Circulating Glycol System 
Ontario East Wood Centre CHEE, COMM, ENG Maple processing and refining for the bioeconomy of Eastern Ontario
Ozira Foods ENG, COMM, LAW Design of a system to grow an aquatic plant in an indoor or outdoor facility for food production
Pembina Pipelines CHEE, MECH, COMM CO2 Flue Gas Removal
The Sansin Corporation TBA Developing an improved process that incorporates innovative technology to disperse micronized materials into our Protective Wood Coatings
The Sansin Corporation TBA Source and develop innovative Infra Red (IR) reflecting materials for incorporation into our Protective Wood Coatings
Shire LLC ENG, COMM Roadmap for implementation of predictive process control in biopharmaceutical manufacturing processes
Spectra Plasmonics Inc CHEE, ENCH, CHEM Small scale continuous process for metallic nanoparticles synthesis
Utilities Kingston ENG, CIVL, CHEE, Policy Waste heat harvesting from wastewater plant final effluent to reduce dependence on fossil fuels for digester heating
Veresen  CHEE, COMM, MECH Eliminate Black Smoke From Sweet Flare Stack

Full Project Descriptions:

Company Name 3M Canada Company - Personal Safety Division
Industry/Sector Manufacturing
Location Brockville
Project Title or Summary Manufacture of New Adsorbent Materials for Respiratory Protection
Company Description /Background 3M is a global technology company that has operations in more than 60 countries with laboratories in 34. 3M’s Personal Safety Division is a leading designer and manufacturer of respiratory protection products for the health care, industrial, first responder and the military markets. Our Brockville Site houses a research and development laboratory, quality assurance laboratory, a filter manufacturing plant and a carbon treatment plant. Treated activated carbon is used in respiratory protection products to remove toxic gases and vapors from air. The carbon treated in Brockville is used in 3M plants globally to manufacture such respiratory protection filters. 
Project Description and motivation Novel adsorbent materials have been developed within 3M that show tremendous potential for respiratory protection applications. We hope to assess the large scale manufacturability of this new class of materials. Batch precipitations from aqueous solutions are envisioned, but continuous processes are also possible. By-product separation and washing of the intermediate product are also key steps to consider. Drying steps to convert the intermediate to the final product could also be considered in scope.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) The project output should include:
1. Layout and specification for proposed reactor, filtration, and drying equipment
2. Description and ranking of several equipment installation options
3. Energy and labour requirements of the new process
4. Hazard assessment, including dust containment
5. Estimated capital costs
6. Estimated cost of the final product
7. Summary, conclusions and recommendations
Suggested number of students and Discipline 3 Chemical or Mechanical Engineering or Engineering Chemistry, open to suggestions
Company Name 32 Degrees
Industry/Sector Ice/water
Location Toronto
Project Title or Summary 32 Degrees is a venture in the pursuit of discovering the environmental impact ice has through water and electrical waste.
Company Description /Background 32 Degrees was founded on a curiosity to understand, specifically, water waste through ice. There is little to no public awareness around ice usage, it is a product that consumers think little of with regards to both price point, health and water and electrical waste. We aim to discover the environmental impact ice has and collaborate to find solutions to help reduce that impact.
Project Description and motivation We hope to collaborate with Queens University to work with students to get a better sense of the outcome of ice production and the water waste of ice. For us to better find solutions to ice production we need to have a clearer sense of what the total impact actually is. 32 Degrees is a not-for profit organization based on the passion of two individuals that believe there is a some form of environmental water waste, and we need the help of students to help us discover what that waste is, and the effects it’s having on the environment.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Life cycle of ice
  • Environmental impact of the production of ice
  • Water waste associated with ice
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix 2 - 6 students - Mixed discipline, we are looking for curious thinkers to tackle an unusual question
Company Name Automatic Coating Limited
Industry/Sector Manufacturing
Location Toronto
Project Title or Summary Responsible resource development: A look at a Canadian made environmentally friendly way of stripping contaminants off pipe and the opportunity for its utilization
Company Description /Background Automatic Coating Limited is the North American leader in corrosion coating including liquid, powder and fluid bed coating. In addition ACL offers field coating services including automated environmentally friendly stripping, blasting and coating.
Project Description and motivation An in depth study of the North American pipe line industry and how they are decommissioning their pipelines that contain contaminants such as PCB’s, asbestos and coal tar.Where opportunities lie to deliver this ground breaking technology
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) An in depth study of the North American pipe line industry and how they are decommissioning their pipelines that contain contaminants such as PCB’s, asbestos and coal tar.
  • Which pipelines have integrity projects and where they are/
  • What are their plan with decommissioning their pipes and how do they dispose of it
Suggested number of students and Discipline TBD
Company Name AgriMed Botanicals Inc.
Industry/Sector Cannabis
Location Chatham, Ontario
Project Title or Summary Uncovering the Barriers and Solutions to Prescribing Cannabis for Medicinal Purposes amongst family doctors
Company Description /Background Soon-to-be Health Canada licensed national scale producer, distributor and innovator of quality cannabis and cannabis-related products.
Project Description and motivation This project will have a couple elements:
  1. Speak to and survey physicians/residents, etc. to uncover what the barriers are to prescribing medical cannabis to patients in the family doctor setting. What are their perceived practise/personal costs of not doing it? Other questions? Share your findings in a technical report/white paper.
  2. What tactics, tools or technology, if made available within the medical practice setting or elsewhere, would assist us in taking down those barriers and facilitating a seamless patient-doctor relationship where medical cannabis is openly discussed and more confidently prescribed. Provide mock-ups and recommendations.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Survey report/white paper summarizing findings
  • Recommendations, solutions to support physician ability/education and also physician peer to peer sharing/influence.
Suggested number of students and Discipline 4 perhaps (2 in engineering and 2 from commerce)
Company Name Barrick Gold Corp.
Industry/Sector Mining
Location Toronto/Vancouver
Project Title or Summary Biological heap leaching at neutral pH
Company Description /Background Barrick Gold Corp. is a Canadian mining company focusing on gold mining. More than 75% of our gold production comes from the Americas region, including Argentina, Canada, Dominican Republic, Peru and the United States. The Company also has mining operations and projects in Australia, Chile, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, and Zambia. Our vision is the generation of wealth through responsible mining — wealth for our owners, our people, and the countries and communities with which we partner.
Project Description and motivation Low grade sulfide gold ores can be too expensive to crush and grind before processing, so heap leaching using coarsely crushed rock would be prefer red to save energy. To recover the gold, the sulfide first needs to be broken down and then the gold is leached, so the process is two-staged. In a heap leach, sulfide oxidation can be bacterially mediated but under acid conditions, while the gold leaching step is carried out under alkaline conditions. How can we carry out this two-step process in the most efficient way possible for a heap leach situation? Can we apply a biological sulfide oxidation process at alkaline pH to avoid the neutralization requirement? Is there an efficient way to move between the acidic and alkaline processes?
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Explore and evaluate options for processing low grade sulfide ores for gold recovery using heap leaching
  • Outline a potential process
  • Identify the main challenges where further work is required
Suggested number of students and Discipline
  • 5 students
  • Chemical engineering, Mining, Metallurgical, Finance, Biology, Civil/mechanical engineering
Company Name Barrick Gold Corp.
Industry/Sector Mining
Location Toronto/Vancouver
Project Title or Summary Is microbially generated power viable?
Company Description /Background Barrick Gold Corp. is a Canadian mining company focusing on gold mining. More than 75% of our gold production comes from the Americas region, including Argentina, Canada, Dominican Republic, Peru and the United States. The Company also has mining operations and projects in Australia, Chile, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, and Zambia. Our vision is the generation of wealth through responsible mining — wealth for our owners, our people, and the countries and communities with which we partner.
Project Description and motivation The cost of energy in mining is significant, and alternative forms of power generation can offer advantages. Bacteria are able to produce electrical current, but the amount of energy produced is very small. Is it feasible to use bacteria as a viable ad cost-effective power source?
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • A review of microbial power generation
  • Analysis of viability (technical and financial) of using microbial power generation in the mining industry
  • Determine a plan, if applicable, for furthering the development of microbial power generation
Suggested number of students and Discipline 2-3 - Biology, Finance, Mining/Metallurgical/Chemical Engineering
Company Name BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc. working in conjunction with the Royal Bank of Canada – Blue Water Project
Industry/Sector Environmental and Energy Consulting
Location Sarnia, Ontario
Project Title or Summary Projected Climate Change Impacts to the Great Lakes
Company Description /Background BlueGreen Innovation Group (BIG) is a multidisciplinary team of professionals linked by a mutual desire to deliver products and services that further environmental, social and economic sustainability.

Our Areas of Focus:
  • New technology and innovation:
  • R & D, discovery, evaluation, integration and commercialization.
  • Renewable energy, biofuels & bio-products.
  • Energy efficiency & conservation.
  • Clean water, wastewater, air and solid waste technologies.
  • Sustainability audits
  • Low- energy building systems
  • Energy storage technologies
  • Manufacturing Systems
BIG will partner with:The Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) in support of RBCs Blue Water Project (Community Environmental Initiative).
Project Description and motivation Study and consolidate available information pertaining to current and projected impacts on the Great Lakes due to Climate Change.
BACKGROUND:
Over the last 50 years a great deal of study has taken place on climate change. This includes significant advances in the state of complex climate models. Grid size used in contemporary models are now refined enough to allow assessment of future impacts at regional levels. To what extent has the Great Lakes region been modelled and what are the models projecting for scenarios ranging from business as usual to successful aggressive abatement action.
STUDY SCOPE
Conduct a state of the science study into current and projected impacts on the Great Lakes due to climate change. This project will be a meta-study involving searching the literature for sound and credible information on the subject and consolidating the existing information into a single summary report. Identify gaps in current information and recommend future activities and research to help close any knowledge gaps identified by the TEAM. Identify conceptual level engineering steps that may be taken to mitigate identified impacts. Provide a high-level estimate of potential economic impacts that could result from the physical impacts on the lakes including shipping, fishing, tourism, aesthetics.

The TEAM should consider the following potential impacts on:
  • Great Lakes water levels
  • Water quality (eutrophication)
  • Loss or gain in wetlands and related bio-diversity impacts
  • Fish and other aquatic species and related bio-diversity impacts
  • Regional weather patterns i.e. effects of changing winter ice cover
  • Commercial impacts and potential impacts on GDP
  • Other potential impacts identified by TEAM and/or literature sources
Inter alia, this study will:
  • Consider engineering solutions to ipotential impacts such as, but not limited to, providing infrastructure to control lake levels, dredging to maintain shipping channels, wetland development/restoration etc.
  • Estimate economic threats and opportunities;
  • Political implications such as diverting bulk water from the lakes to drought stricken areas, particularly the US
  • Recommend next steps e.g. research and development, climate modeling.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) Prepare a written report, with accompanying final presentation. The report will be a consolidation of literature covering the state of climate science as it applies to the Great Lakes. Impacts on the physical lake system as well as indirect impacts on society including business, commercial, and recreational uses of the Great Lakes will be included.
Suggested number of students and Discipline One civil engineer, one Limnologist, one biologist, one meteorologist/climatologist, one economist
Company Name Bowman Centre for Sustainable Energy
Industry/Sector Energy Policy Development and Consulting
Location Sarnia, Ontario
Project Title or Summary Manufacturing Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen
Company Description /Background The BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE) is a think tank focusing on Canadian, national scale, energy projects and energy system development. Dr. Clem Bowman, the founder, is considered by many as the father of the Alberta Oil Sands is a recipient of many awards and prestigious international prizes. The BCSE is a national organization with Associates from across Canada and is affiliated with the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the Canadian Society for Senior Engineers.
Project Description and motivation Background:

Fossil fuels manufactured from Alberta Bitumen have been criticized for their relatively high greenhouse gas footprint (GHG), leading to resistance to expanding the Oil Sands. How can Canada continue to benefit from this valuable resource without contributing unduly to GHG emissions?

If the world is successful at decarbonizing its economies the value of Canada’s bitumen resources will be seriously eroded. However, bitumen, as a source of carbon, offers promising potential for use as a feedstock to manufacture a suite of durable materials not intended for combustion. Examples include asphalts, adhesives, coatings, plastics and other polymers as well as advanced materials such as carbon fibre and graphene.

A 2017 Queens University TEAM identified a suite of products not intended for combustion that could be manufactured using oil sands bitumen as a primary feedstock. One of the more promising products identified by the 2017 TEAM was carbon fibre. Their report, (Adding Value to Bitumen) will be the starting point for this project.

Study Scope:

This project, building on the 2017 TEAM report, will focus on carbon fibre derived from the pitch (asphalt) component of bitumen. This focus will cover changes in chemistry of the feedstocks and intermediate products as the feedstock is processed from pitch to carbon fibre. This understanding will include the chemical engineering process steps involved including energy and material inputs along with process economics. This study will include projecting the quality of carbon fibre that might be derived from bitumen.

Bitumen asphalt contains hetero atoms such as sulphur, nickel, vanadium, etc. Commentary on the fate of these hetero atoms as the material is processed will be included as well as on potential markets for these by-products. Are these hetero atoms removed as part of the processing steps or is a pre-treatment step required to remove the hetero atoms prior to begin process steps to manufacture carbon fibre?

Proposed carbon fibre quality will need to be described in context of the range of carbon fibre qualities currently available in the market place. The carbon fibre quality assessment will include a discussion on market size and prices for that quality of product.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) Prepare a written report with accompanying PowerPoint presentation describing chemical changes that occur when converting bitumen to carb on fibre, chemical engineering process steps needed to make carbon fibre, quality of the carbon fibre and fate of hetero atoms native to the feedstock.

Consideration will be given to the following:
  • Chemistry of bitumen asphalt, chemical changes as processed to carbon fibre, process technology including IP and licensing opportunities;
  • Candidate manufacturing processes to convert bitumen into carbon fibre and field application including by-product streams;
  • Key technical challenges; e.g., carbon fibre quality, processing challenges, how to create filaments from bitumen precursor and does that differ from creating filaments from PAN?
  • Preliminary economics ($/kg costs based on conceptual CAPEX/OPEX estimates for manufacturing, at the plant gate),
  • Expected product costs, performance, life and failure-modes relative to current products;
  • Opportunity to market by products derived from hetero atom
Suggested number of students and Discipline One chemical engineer, one mechanical engineer with strength in materials science, one organic chemist or a second chemical engineer with strength in organic chemistry, one business/ marketing specialist or economist.
Company Name Brookfield Renewable
Industry/Sector Renewable Energy
Location Gatineau, QC
Project Title or Summary It's not easy being green... Offsets vs. addtionality vs. clean load matching
Company Description /Background Brookfield operates one of the largest publicly-traded pure-play renewable power platforms globally. Its portfolio is primarily hydroelectric and totals more than 10,000 megawatts of installed capacity in North America, Latin America and Europe.
Project Description and motivation The team will investigate the reasons companies have renewable commitments and the importance of meeting their objectives. Further, through the evaluation of the cost of each of the options, importance to organization culture and directives and fitting within their sustainability goals we look for the team to develop a framework for companies to rank their renewable strategies against peers.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Regular summary reports of progress on bi-weekly/monthly basis
  • Presentation of findings, recommendations and conclusions on site at the end of the project
  • Written report at the conclusion of the project
Suggested number of students and Discipline
  • 5 students
  • Focused in areas of law, regulation, policy, business, engineering and finance
Company Name CAWST – Centre for Affordable Water & Sanitation Technology
Industry/Sector Charity, International development, Water and Sanitation
Location Calgary
Project Title or Summary Investigation into the safety of acrylic tubing used in drinking water filters in the developing world.
Company Description /Background CAWST is a Canadian charity and licensed engineering firm, founded in 2001. We address the global need for safe drinking water and sanitation by building local knowledge and skills on household solutions people can implement themselves.
Project Description and motivation Biosand filters are a household-level water treatment technology used in developing countries. The filter is constructed locally, requires no replacement parts or consumables over its lifetime, can handle turbid surface waters, and is easy for a household to operate and maintain themselves. One of the main advantages of biosand filters, that being local production, also creates one of the key challenges, that being quality control. Materials are slightly different from location to location. A question that has arisen recently is in regards to the possibility of leaching from some local acrylic tubing used in the construction of filters.Is there a potential for the acrylic tubes used in biosand filters to add chemical contamination, and potentially carcinogens, to treated drinking water?
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Students will prepare a technical brief on risks associated with leaching from plastics
  • Develop a test protocol for leaching
  • Test a range of tubing from CAWST’s global clients (tubing samples to be provided by CAWST)
Suggested number of students and Discipline 4-5 students, at least two being Chemical engineers
Company Name Husky Oil Operations Ltd.
Industry/Sector Oil & Gas Production
Location Calgary
Project Title or Summary Post Combustion CO2 Capture Technology Review, Evaluation and Screening
Company Description /Background Husky operates in Western and Atlantic Canada, the United States and the Asia Pacific region, with Upstream and Downstream business segments. Husky has two core businesses. Its Integrated Corridor operates in Western Canada and the United States, where thermal production is integrated with the Downstream business and supported by Western Canada operations. In Offshore, the Company is focused in the Asia Pacific and Atlantic regions.The Company’s balanced growth strategy focuses on growing lower cost, higher margin production and returning value to shareholders.Husky’s focus on safety helps to protect the public, its employees and contractors, the environment and its assets while providing for efficient and productive operations.Along with rigorous occupational safety programs, Husky is driving continuous improvement in process safety.
Project Description and motivation Husky is very active in the areas of enhanced oil recovery (EOR), carbon capture technologies and thermal oil production (SAGD), especially in the Lloydminster area of Saskatchewan.In order to further develop the EOR process towards commercial status, Husky requires a low-cost source of CO2. The intent is to capture CO2 from Once-Through Steam Generators (OTSG’s) at existing and future thermal oil developments.This project is to evaluate currently available technologies, new technologies and future technologies which may be used to economically capture CO2 from OTSG’s.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Technology Review:
    • A review of currently available technologies which may be used for post-combustion CO2 capture. There is a wide range of public information available on several popular post-combustion CO2 capture technologies. The first step to understanding the future state of post-combustion CO2 capture technologies will be to understand the current state. This review should include a detailed technical description of each technology type (i.e. solvent-based processes, solid adsorbent processes, membrane-based processes, etc).
  • Technology Evaluation:
    • After conducting a review of available technologies, a detailed evaluation of each technology should be conducted in order to understand the current state of technologies in terms of commercial application (i.e. lab-scale, pilot scale, fully commercial scale). Costs and benefits for each technology should be discussed (in terms of life-cycle analysis). Where available, estimates should be provided for CO2 capture cost in terms of $/tonne of captured CO2.
  • Technology Roadmap:
    • For any pre-commercial (or conceptual) CO2 capture technologies, a technology development roadmap should be provided to identify any particularly high-potential (low unit capture cost) technologies. For any existing commercial technologies, further detail should be provided in terms of potential for future unit cost reductions.
  • Technology Assessment Tool:
    • Create a tool which can be used to benchmark any existing and future technologies. Inputs to the tool would be energy (fuel gas, electricity, other), materials (i.e. replacement membranes, solvent, etc), all process streams (i.e. inlet and outlet CO2/water/flue gas/air/natural gas/etc). The user should be able to enter and manipulate energy costs (i.e. electricity and fuel gas costs), labour costs, etc. The tool should output several key performance indicators – including energy intensity per unit of CO2 recovered, net CO2 recovery (i.e. CO2 captured less CO2 generated by the process) and estimated cost per unit of captured CO2. Capital cost component should also be considered in this calculation, but operating and maintenance costs should be calculated and shown separately. The tool should be flexible enough to allow for benchmarking of current technologies as well as allow for input of future technologies (whose inputs/outputs are unknown at this time). This tool should be user- friendly and preference would be to have an excel-based interface.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
  • Process/Chemical Engineering Student(s) - to complete most aspects of the above deliverables.
  • Business student to evaluate business aspects
Company Name Husky Oil Operations Ltd
Industry/Sector Oil & Gas Production
Location Calgary
Project Title or Summary Produced Gas Sweeting, CO2 Removal and Injection
Company Description /Background Husky operates in Western and Atlantic Canada, the United States and the Asia Pacific region, with Upstream and Downstream business segments. Husky has two core businesses. Its Integrated Corridor operates in Western Canada and the United States, where thermal production is integrated with the Downstream business and supported by Western Canada operations. In Offshore, the Company is focused in the Asia Pacific and Atlantic regions.The Company’s balanced growth strategy focuses on growing lower cost, higher margin production and returning value to shareholders.Husky’s focus on safety helps to protect the public, its employees and contractors, the environment and its assets while providing for efficient and productive operations.Along with rigorous occupational safety programs, Husky is driving continuous improvement in process safety.
Project Description and motivation Husky is very active in the areas of enhanced oil recovery, carbon capture technologies and thermal oil production (SAGD), especially in the Lloydminster area of Saskatchewan.One of Husky’s operating CO2 EOR pilots (Lashburn) operates in very close proximity to a thermal development (Pike’s Peak South).In recent months, it has been found that the produced gas (casing gas) associated with the Pike’s Peak South production is very high in CO2 content (~ 60%+). The gas also contains small amounts of H2S (1,000 – 7,000 ppm).If H2S could be safely and cost effectively removed from this gas stream, the remaining CO2 (and methane) would be of a very high value and could be used for CO2 EOR application at Lashburn.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Process Technology Review:
    • Discussion of options for safe, cost-effective H2S removal from the produced gas stream. Review should include necessary process envelope information (i.e. operating ranges for available technologies), cost-benefit analysis, details of any waste products from the process, and heat/material balance for system components. Husky can give students a starting point for a review of widely available technologies, but is also interested in novel technologies or technologies new to the oil and gas industry.
  • Summary of Measurement, Monitoring and Verification (MMV):
    • CO2 injection (for the purposes of sequestration) requires that due diligence be conducted to ensure that CO2 remains sequestered in the reservoir. A summary of MMV requirements for this particular application would be required. All three aspects (measurement, monitoring and verification) will require substantial research to understand. This deliverable should present a plan for the overall MMV activities needed in order to substantiate how much CO2 can be considered sequestered at the end of project life. Therefore, this amount will be exempt from a potential carbon tax.
  • Policy review:
    • Credits for capture of carbon are one potential benefit of using CO2 for EOR purposes. In the current operating case, this produced gas stream is burned in the Once-Through Steam Generators (OTSG’s) at the Pike’s Peak South thermal facility. In this case, the CO2 passes through the OTSG’s and is emitted to the atmosphere out of the stack of the unit. If, however, the EOR group were to use this produced gas stream for EOR purposes, the CO2 from one reservoir would be produced to surface, treated, and injected into another reservoir. As there would be a net decrease in CO2 sent to atmosphere, Husky would like to understand what the implication for carbon credits (if any) would be. This deliverable should include a review of current policy (Federal and Provincial) as well as a view to what potential future policies may look like and what impacts they may have (in terms of both social license to operate as well as economics).
Suggested number of students and Discipline
  • Process/Chemical Engineering Student(s) – to complete all aspects of the Process Technology Review deliverable. Multiple students could be added depending on intended workload.
  • Chemical/Mechanical Engineering/Geological Engineering/Geology Student(s) – to conduct the Summary of MMV deliverable.
  • Policy Studies/Law Student(s) – to conduct the Policy Review deliverable
Company Name Pembina Pipelines
Industry/Sector Energy Infrastructure
Location Empress and Redwater, Alberta
Project Title or Summary CO2 Flue Gas Removal
Company Description /Background Pembina Pipeline Corporation is a leading transportation and midstream service provider that has been serving North America's energy industry for 60 years. We are Calgary-based and own and operate pipelines that transport conventional and synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids produced in western Canada; oil sands and heavy oil pipelines; gas gathering and processing facilities; and, an oil and natural gas liquids infrastructure and logistics business. With facilities strategically located in western Canada and in natural gas liquids markets in eastern Canada and the U.S., Pembina also offers a full spectrum of midstream and marketing services that span across its operations. Pembina's integrated assets and commercial operations enable it to offer services needed by the energy sector along the hydrocarbon value chain.
Project Description and motivation With the introduction of carbon levy and taxes there exists an economic driver to recovery CO2 from plant emission sources. Pembina fractionation facilities have large heaters for process heat and this project will study available technologies for CO2 removal from flue gases and compression into trucks for sale to relevant third parties. The TEAM is to evaluate technologies and select one to perform an up front process design and cost estimate. The TEAM will also research carbon regimes in Alberta to determine current and forward pricing for carbon to be used in the project economics.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Technology evaluation
  • Capital cost estimate
  • Economic model and recommendation
Suggested number of students and Discipline 4 - Chem eng, Mech eng, Business
Company Name Ontario East Wood Centre
Industry/Sector Bioeconomy of Eastern Ontairo
Location Lanark County, Leeds & Grenville, rural Eastern Ontario
Project Title or Summary Maple processing and refining for the bioeconomy of Eastern Ontario
Company Description /Background The Ontario East Wood Centre is an incorporated Canadian NGO tasked with advising and networking in the bioeconomy of Eastern Ontario and in particular in agriculture, forestry, value added wood products and chemistry.
Project Description and motivation A feasibility project for advanced processing, refining and developing and promotion of a wide variety of products from the sugar maple tree. In recognizing the great potential for a renewal and expansion of Eastern Ontario’s place in this market now dominated world-wide by Québec, we need to explore further not just the state of the art processing but also examine the compounds/flavours/ health benefits and other attributes found in maple sap as much more than just a sweetner–but rather a nutritional staple developed by our indigenous people.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • A techno economic feasibility study for the development and design of a state of the art (and technology) central maple processing, custom boiling and the promotion of the high quality maple products for world markets.
  • An expansion on the currently available literature search on health benefits will also be helpful.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Number of students could be eight with the mix including chemical engineering, commerce, economics, and other interests such as sustainability and indigenous studies.
Company Name Ozira Foods
Industry/Sector Agritech, Food Production and Manufacturing
Location Kingston
Project Title or Summary Design of a system to grow an aquatic plant in an indoor or outdoor facility for food production
Company Description /Background Ozira Foods is an agritech startup based in Kingston, Ontario that was founded by four students as a part of the Queen’s Innovation Connector Summer Initiative. Ozira has a vision to create a more sustainable, healthy and transparent future of food using plant based proteins and nutrients. Ozira hopes to be a leading agritech and food startup in North America to provide the food solutions that people want and this world needs. They successfully secured funding at the Dunin-Desphande Summer Pitch Competition and are continuing with their venture.
Project Description and motivation Food production is one of the most energy intensive activities that humans undertake. As our population rapidly increases, and so will our demand for food despite more limited and constrained resources. One pound of beef alone costs the environment approximately 7000L of water, uses 260 square feet in land and emits 16 pounds in greenhouse gases. Our food production system is simply unsustainable. Ozira Foods is a Queen’s founded startup that has a mission to bring innovative plant nutrition and superfoods to the North American market. We are looking for a team that is motivated to create a more sustainable future, with a passion for innovation. By taking on our project, you will be involved in a truly entrepreneurial process providing hands-on experience and ability to influence the biggest decisions our company will make. Our first product uses one ingredient derived from a free-floating aquatic plant called duckweed. Duckweed has a well-rounded nutritional profile including a high protein content, fibre, iron and omega-3 fatty acids. Duckweed is also capable of absorbing nutrients and minerals in the water it grows in. In order to create this product, the company must grow duckweed in a facility, and then process it by drying and grinding it to produce a powder that can be eaten. The project will focus on designing the appropriate system to grow this plant in for large-scale production for a food product. The team will be responsible for designing and costing out a system that grow this indoors and outdoors, and can choose amongst several  exciting, and entrepreneurial activities for their final deliverables. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • A layout and specifications for an indoor growth and processing facility
  • Energy and labor requirements for an indoor growth facility
  • Estimated cost of the product in dried form
  • An assessment of the key risks in growing this as a safe product (specifically hazards of growing in water, indoor or outdoor risks) and how to mitigate major hazards
  • A cost analysis of growing duckweed in an indoor facility year-round vs. in an outdoor system 2 – 3 months of the year
  • Legal implications regarding facilities and food production
  • Recommendations on what is best moving forward for the company (report and/or presentation)
Students will be able to sit down with the founders and decide what best fits their interest and qualifications.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Mix This project should be a good fit for a number of students and we are open to suggestions as to who and how many would be an appropriate fit. Business and law students may also find this project of interest to them as there are several aspects/deliverables than can touch on this as well. Students will have access to the company on a more frequent basis if they choose this project, and can be provided with our initial costing and layout of the facility if desired. 
Company Name The Sansin Corporation
Industry/Sector Coatings/Wood
Location Strathroy, Ontario
Project Title or Summary Developing an improved process that incorporates innovative technology to disperse micronized materials into our Protective Wood Coatings
Company Description /Background Sansin is the global leader in environmentally-friendly wood protection. Since 1986, we've been focused on creating the best performing, most beautiful water-borne wood finishes in the world.
Project Description and motivation

Investigate new technologies and optimize the best way to efficiently incorporate micronized materials.

Sunlight is a major cause of damage to many materials. Spectral sensitivity varies from material to material. Short wave ultraviolet radiation is a significant cause of polymer degradation. Protecting the polymers used in our Protective Wood Coatings from this degradation is therefore a significant factor for extending longevity.

The experimental dispersions would then be evaluated to quantify the improvements.

Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Company Name The Sansin Corporation
Industry/Sector Coatings/Wood
Location Strathroy, Ontario
Project Title or Summary Source and develop innovative Infra Red (IR) reflecting materials for incorporation into our Protective Wood Coatings
Company Description /Background Sansin is the global leader in environmentally-friendly wood protection. Since 1986, we've been focused on creating the best performing, most beautiful water-borne wood finishes in the world.
Project Description and motivation

Conventional Protective Wood Coatings absorb IR radiation from the sun and can become extremely hot on a sunny day. The absorbed IR radiation can lead to higher energy consumption (additional air conditioning to cool buildings).

We are endeavouring to optimize the IR reflectivity of our Protective Wood Coatings and provide a cooler more durable finish. This project would involve investigating materials and the process required to efficiently use them.

Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Company Name Shire LLC
Industry/Sector Biopharmaceuticals
Location Lexington, MA
Project Title or Summary Roadmap for implementation of predictive process control in biopharmaceutical manufacturing processes
Company Description /Background Shire is the leading pharmaceutical company developing therapeutics for rare diseases
Project Description and motivation Desired Future StateReal-time control and optimization of the processes and alerts through predictive analytics allows automation and/or operators to proactively ad just process parameters and/or raw materials to achieve process stability, higher yields, consistently high product quality and reduced product losses Application of Real-time data monitoring and analytics models (e.g. real time MVDA) enable development of predictive process models. For example, process control can be made robust to variations in raw materials.Expected benefits:
  • Reduction of process-related deviations and nonconforming product
  • Reduced manufacturing losses, higher yields
  • Increased process understanding
  • Targeted process improvements
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Develop a 5 year plan to allow the biopharmaceutical manufacturing network to implement software, hardware and methodologies to rapidly analyze multivariate manufacturing data and use the resulting process understanding to improve process capability in a timely manner
  • Scope of work includes biopharmaceutical manufacturing process designs, Manufacturing Intelligence infrastructure, multivariate analysis tools, location/design of measurement devices/sensors and control strategies (feedback, feed forward, etc)
  • Provide an economic analysis to demonstrate the compelling business to invest in predictive process control. Identify the strategy that maximizes the economic benefits of predictive process control (not too much or too little investment)
  • Bonus Scope: Inclusion of Real-time Release technology that allows product quality attributes to be measured on the manufacturing floor and release decisions to be made without the need for offline testing in a Quality Control Laboratory
Suggested number of students and Discipline 5 including one business student to help with building a business case and help to maximize the economic benefits of predictive process control
Company Name Spectra Plasmonics Inc.
Industry/Sector Chemical Detection
Location Queen's Innovation Park & Dupuis Hall
Project Title or Summary TEAM Members will be given a laboratory-based research and development role. Participants will have an active role in creating a small scale continuous process for metallic nanoparticles synthesis. The project offers exposure to the challenges of an early-stage, high-tech company. TEAM Members are required to have WHMIS certification from Queen’s University and firm understanding of standard laboratory safety practices.
Company Description /Background Spectra Plasmonics began in 2017 at Queen’s University as part of the DDQIC Summer Initiative. We are interested in nanoparticle synthesis to ensure consistent quality in our 2018 product launch. This project will provide TEAM Members with start-up exposure while also advancing hands-on design skills and other laboratory techniques.
Project Description and motivation
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) Following is a tentative list of deliverables for the Fall and Winter Semesters:FallUpon review of the current batch process, develop a functional continuous synthesis that does not exceed fumehood capacity.WinterThis process should be replicable at moderate costs and generate consistent nanoparticles (size, shape, etc.). Optimization could take the form of trial-and-error experiments coordinated with the company, combined with methods of nanoparticle characterization available in Dupuis Hall (UV-Vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and Raman spectroscopy).Summary report and presentation detailing the design process, nanoparticle characterization techniques, costs, results, limitations of the design, and recommendations for future work.
Suggested number of students and Discipline A team size of three to five Members. Those with Chemical Engineering, Engineering Chemistry and Chemistry backgrounds are preferred. Physics, Biology, and other Applied Science disciplines are encouraged to apply.
Company Name Utilities Kingston
Industry/Sector Utilities
Location Kingston
Project Title or Summary Waste heat harvesting from wastewater plant final effluent to reduce dependence on fossil fuels for digester heating
Company Description /Background The City of Kingston is a municipal government organization for a population of approximately 120,000 that also is the sole shareholder in a utilities corporation that provides local distribution of electricity, natural gas, water and waste water collection and treatment.Dedicated to the responsible management of integrated services, Utilities Kingston provides the following core utility services:
  • An assured clean drinking water supply to 36,000 customers
  • Collection and treatment of waste water
  • Safe and reliable gas services to nearly 14,000 customers
  • Asset management, billing, and operational services to Kingston Hydro, which in turn provides electricity services to 27,000 customers in central Kingston
  • Reliable maintenance of over 10,000 street lights and traffic signals at 200 intersections
  • Specialized fibre optic broadband networking services. A major benefit is the cost-effective and highly-reliable monitoring of theCity’s utility infrastructure.
Project Description and motivation Utilities Kingston operates three wastewater treatment plants for the City of Kingston. Ravensview is the largest plant with a rated average day flow of 95,500 m3/d, the 2016 average day flow was about 80,000 m3/d.This project will investigate the amount of potential heat available in the final effluent and prepare a conceptual design for a system to harvest the heat with a goal of using it within the digestion process or for other processes.Given the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from anthropogenic sources, this study will help determine the potential carbon offsets that may be attributable to a reduction in natural gas needed for process heat. Further, the value of the reduced natural gas will be used to prepare a business case evaluation for the implementation.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Literature review to develop a synopsis of the available technologies
  • Use plant data to determine the available energy through a typical year
  • Determine the equivalent volume of natural gas and ghg offset for the recoverable heat
  • Identify a means for extracting the heat from the wastewater discharge
  • Determine the practical limits of heat extractable
Suggested number of students and Discipline This project would be suited to students in many Engineering disciplines particularly Civil and Chemical Engineering, Public Policy and Industrial Design. While the primary focus will be to determine the potential for heat extraction from the wastewater, consideration into the practical limits of a design will need to be considered. Given the focus will be to provide a solution that demonstrates a forward looking approach to positive reduction in greenhouse gases, the TEAM will need to consider how to present their findings to garner public and political support for funding options.
Company Name Veresen
Industry/Sector Oil and Gas - Midstream
Location Hythe, AB
Project Title or Summary Eliminate Black Smoke From Sweet Flare Stack
Company Description /Background Veresen is a leading diversified energy infrastructure company that owns and operates energy infrastructure assets across North America.  The midstream business includes a significant interest in Aux Sable, a world-class extraction facility near Chicago, Illinois, a 100% ownership of the Hythe/Steeprock gas gathering and processing complex and and other natural gas and NGLs processing energy infrastructure. See  http://www.vereseninc.com/our-business/ for additional information.
Project Description and motivation The composition of the gas entering the Hythe gas plant has been becoming richer (higher concentrations of propanes, butanes and C5+).  This increase is intentional as Producers make more money from these products.  As the gas becomes richer it is more difficult to get complete combustion from gas that is sent to the flare stack during plant upsets.  The incomplete combustion causes higher emissions and black smoke that is visible to neighbors and people driving by on the highway.  It is also an Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) requirement to minimize emissions and to eliminate black smoke from flare stacks.  We need to find a solution that maintains combustion efficiency and minimizes emissions and costs.  If we continue to have black smoke issues the AER could assess fines and/or shut-in production. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
  • Work through the options for eliminating black smoke.
  • Assess each option and complete a cost comparison.
  • Pick one of the options and complete the design.
Suggested number of students and Discipline 4 Students - Process, Chemical, Petroleum and maybe Mechanical
Company Name MEG Energy
Industry/Sector Canadian Energy Production
Location Alberta
Project Title or Summary Waste Heat Recovery From Circulating Glycol System
Company Description /Background MEG Energy Corp. (MEG) is a Canadian oil sands company, headquartered in Calgary, focused on sustainable in situ development and production in the southern Athabasca oil sands region of Alberta. The Christina Lake Regional Project (CLRP) is currently the focus of MEG’s oil sands development incorporating steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) technologies. CLRP is a multi-phased project located in the southern Athabasca oil sands region, 150 kilometres south of Fort McMurray in northeast Alberta. The project is comprised of approximately 200 square kilometres of oil sands leases, and has regulatory approvals in place to produce approximately 210,000 barrels of oil per day.
Project Description and motivation Typical of many SAGD facilities, MEG utilizes a circulating glycol system to recover heat from various process streams throughout the facility.  Recovered heat is used to preheat combustion air prior to being routed to a bank of air coolers where low grade waste heat is rejected to the atmosphere. From an overall energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission perspective, MEG would like to examine methods or processes to employ this low grade heat. The glycol routed into the air cooler is approximately 60 -  70 C and since all the energy is conveniently contained in one fluid at one location in the plant, it lends itself quite well to a centralized, standalone heat recovery system.  A few ideas on how to utilize this heat are: Organic Rankine cycle power generation, Solid state material power generation, Reliable agricultural or industrial facility heat source. This project will require research into new and existing methods of using low grade heat. Solid state electrical power in particular is an emerging technology that has not been widely deployed. Determining a feasible technology, then evaluating how the technology may be economically implemented considering capital and operating costs and potential revenue including greenhouse gas offsets should make this an interesting and challenging project. Depending on the final results, it may also be of value to a number of SAGD operators other than just MEG. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative) Project Scope and schedule definition, technology search/analysis, process design, logistics and schedule , cost estimating, economic analysis, risk/benefit analysis, GHG lifecycle assessments, report and recommendations.
Suggested number of students and Discipline Three to six students, all engineering disciplines, business analysts, environmental sciences.