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Projects Archive

Projects List (2019-2020)

List will be updated over the course of the summer, until classes start.

Electronic Bidding - link - closed.

Many projects will be cross boundaries of categories (i.e. an sustainable development or environmental project within the Oil and Gas industry). It's advisable to read all the project descriptions.

Index:

CompanyDiscipline Mix (Suggested, not set in stone)Project Title
Utilities Kingston
ECE, CHEE, COMM, MECH
Kingston Municipal Campus Solar Carport Feasibility Assessment
Fluor Canada Ltd.
COMP, CHEE
An Integrated Platform for Augmented Reality in the Oil & Gas Sector
Fluor Canada Ltd.
CHEE, MECH, ECE
Feasibility Design of a Plastic Waste to Energy Facility
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. 
CHEE, MECH
NVD Mandrel Heating System Improvement
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. 
CHEE, MECH
Nickel Grain Structure of NVD Nickel Shells
3SO
COMM, ENG
Use of plastic products in hospitals – how can we reduce, reuse or recycle?
3M
CHEE, MECH
Reduction of Waste in a Carbon Treatment Plant
Canadian Wollastonite
ENG, COMM
Identify potential uses/markets for concentrated side stream ore products generated during beneficiation of wollastonite
Ontario East Wood Centre
CHEE, COMM, BIO, ENG
Exploring opportunities for bio-refining of products from wood and waste plastics
Ontario East Wood Centre
CHEE, COMM, BIO, ENG
First Nation’s Housing for “Seven Generations” 
Bowman Centre for Sustainable Energy
CHEE, MECH, COMM
Carbon Fibre Precursor from Oil Sands Bitumen
BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc.
CHEE, BIO, CIVL, MECH, COMM
Micro Plastic Pollution in the  Great Lakes; Engineering Options to Detect and Remove at Source.
Backr
COMP. ENG
Build and launch a digital product for a startup
Canadian Energy Pipeline Association
CHEE, COMP, ENG
Land Data Historian and Augmented Reality Display
MEG Energy Corp.
CHEE, MECH
In-situ Oilsands Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
32 Degrees Ventures Inc.
ENG
Alternative to ice/cooling for the Food & Beverage (F&B) sector with a focus on beverages

Full Project Descriptions:

Company Name
Utilities Kingston
Industry/Sector
Electric Utilities 
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Kingston Municipal Campus Solar Carport Feasibility Assessment
Company Description /Background
The City of Kingston is a municipal government organization for a population of approximately 120,000 that also is the sole shareholder in a utilities corporation that provides local distribution of electricity, natural gas, water and waste water collection and treatment.
Dedicated to the responsible management of integrated services, Utilities Kingston provides the following core utility services:
• An assured clean drinking water supply to 36,000 customers
• Collection and treatment of waste water
• Safe and reliable gas services to nearly 14,000 customers
• Asset management, billing, and operational services to Kingston Hydro, which in turn provides electricity services to 27,000 customers in central Kingston
• Reliable maintenance of over 10,000 street lights and traffic signals at 200 intersections
• Specialized fibre optic broadband networking services. A major benefit is the cost-effective and highly-reliable monitoring of the City’s utility infrastructure.
Project Description and motivation
Utilities Kingston Operates the local electrical distribution network for central Kingston. The importance of ensuring reliable service, while being poised to adapt to changing demands, will be challenged in the coming years due to the increase in electric vehicle usage and the need to charge them. Utilities Kingston supports the need to charge electric vehicles and encourages the use of renewable or off-peak electricity to do so.
The City of Kingston has declared a Climate Emergency and also has tasked a committee to identify quick wins that can be used to support reduction in greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions.
Assessing the potential reduction in ghg that could be achieved through on-site generation, such as solar panels mounted to create a carport, would provide an opportunity for the City to implement at the Municipal Campus at John Counter Boulevard, at other facilities or even by others. The concept would be similar to that at Baka Communications or Mohawk College. However Utilities Kingston desire is to not export the electricity to the grid but store it for vehicle charging, with a potential option to connect to the grid for off peak energy storage during low demand times.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Develop a capital cost and life cycle costs for a system including a Solar Carport and potential energy storage.
• Determine Net Present Value for the system.
• Document the analysis in a client report for review and implementation.
• Assess the ghg reductions from the use of a solar/off-peak electrical potential.
• Include a literature review and range of estimates for ghg emissions of comparable EV and conventionally fueled vehicles to provide a life cycle ghg emission reduction potential
Suggested number of students and Discipline
This project would be suited to students in many Engineering disciplines particularly Civil and Chemical Engineering, Public Policy and Industrial Design. While the primary focus will be to identify a potential solution, there will be a need to consider the public relations and consultation aspects of such a study.
Company Name
Fluor Canada Ltd.
Industry/Sector
Energy and Chemicals
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
An Integrated Platform for Augmented Reality in the Oil & Gas Sector
Company Description /Background
Fluor Canada provides engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, and construction management services for clients throughout Canada and around the world. Fluor Canada is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and serves the energy & chemicals, power, infrastructure, mining & metals, and life sciences & manufacturing industries.
Project Description and motivation
Augmented reality, although continually developing, is underutilized in the oil and gas sector. This has immense potential in a variety of areas, for both EPC companies and operating companies alike.
An integrated platform that would encompass “layering” of independent layers of information on an operating plant framework (3D computer model,  lasergrammetry, photogrammetry, ect.) would bring a new, ground-breaking spectrum of information to the industry.
Independent layers of information could be:
1. Real-time plant operating data (P, T, Flowrates) from Process Historian Database (PHD)
2. System hydraulic analyses from Fluor’s proprietary PALS software
3. System H&MB information from Aspen HYSYS
4. Heat exchanger heat transfer information from HTRI software
5. Reliability and Maintainability  (RAM) information from Aspen Fidelis software
6. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) information from FLUENT software
7. Hydrocarbon or toxic atmospheric release information from PHAST software
8. Equipment datasheets, and maintenance and repair records
9. Instrument datasheets, and maintenance and repair records
10. etc.
Augmenting a plant framework with these “layers” would enable operating companies to view, troubleshoot, and diagnose plant operating issues in real-time with never-before seen capabilities. Rapid troubleshooting and diagnoses (i.e., within hours) would enable plants to offset operating costs associated with business interruption that may otherwise take days or even weeks.
Furthermore, this would enable real-time plant optimization with never-before seen capabilities.
Business case drivers could be:
1. Reduced plant downtime
2. Improved plant production; quantity
3. Improved plant production; product quality
4. Improved predictive maintenance and reduced OPEX in regards to preventative repair
5. etc.
The 2018-2019 Project Team developed an initial proof of concept that establishes a base line design. The base line design allows for data from HYSYS, PALs and PHD to overlay on a 3D augmented model which in turn outputs data trends and warnings for operational excursions. This year's team will further develop on the proof of concept.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
1. Review and become familiar with the existing application, model, and code
2. Establish "two-way data transfer" within the app so that:
 - Plant data can be directly inputted from the app to the appropriate  hydraulic or thermodynamic model (for example AFT Fathom or HYSYS).
 - From the app, hydraulic and thermodynamic models can interact
 - Integrate the same warning overlays with design excursions as   those shown with an existing operational process upset
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Suggest 3 to 4 students on the team; preference is 2-3 computer engineers or computer scientists and 1 chemical engineer (familiarity with programming is preferred but not required for the chemical engineer)
Company Name
Fluor Canada Ltd.
Industry/Sector
Energy and Chemicals
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Feasibility Design of a Plastic Waste to Energy Facility
Company Description /Background
Fluor Canada provides engineering, procurement, fabrication, construction, and construction management services for clients throughout Canada and around the world. Fluor Canada is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and serves the energy & chemicals, power, infrastructure, mining & metals, and life sciences & manufacturing industries.
Project Description and motivation
In 2015 only 9% of global plastic waste was recycled and it is estimated that 12,000 Mt of plastic will be in land fills or the environment by 2050. (1)
Although Canadians try to recycle, less than 11% of plastic is recycled in Canada. A root of the issue is that a significant portion of plastic recycling is contaminated (as high as 26-30% of recycling in Toronto is contaminated, hence thrown in landfills). (2) (3) (4)
An alternative solution for plastics is to convert it to energy via incineration. In 2015, 12% of plastic was incinerated but there is growth in the industry. (5) (6) 
The American Chemistry Council estimates that if all non-recycled plastic waste was converted to energy, it would create enough energy to power 9 million cars and save 6,000 acres of open space from landfills. The GHG emissions would reduce 123 million tons of carbon dioxide, equivalent to removing 23 million cars from the roads. (7)
References:
(1) https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/7/e1700782
(2) https://wrwcanada.com/en/get-involved/resources/plastics-themed-resources/plastic-facts
(3) https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/recycling-contamination-1.4606893
(4) https://wrwcanada.com/en/get-involved/resources/plastics-themed-resources/plastic-facts
(5) https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/7/e1700782
(6) https://ourworldindata.org/faq-on-plastics"
(7) https://blog.americanchemistry.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/ACC-PERT-Data-Visualization.jpg
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
1. Investigate the current technologies for plastic waste to energy conversion:
- Develop a brief process overview of the technology
- Compare the pros / cons in regards to cost, GHG emissions, complexity to convert any given waste"
2. Select one of the technologies and create a feasability design that can allow the city of Toronto to deliver raw plastic waste and manipulate the plastic for energy consumption and removal of remaining solid waste.
This will include (but not limited to):
- Heat and Material Balance
- Preliminary Process Flow Diagrams
- Equipment Sizing and Material Selection
- Single Line Diagrams
 
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Suggest 4 students on the team; preference is 2 chemical engineers, 1 mechanical engineer and 1 electrical engineer
Company Name
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. 
Industry/Sector
Manufacturing
Location
Midland, ON
Project Title or Summary
NVD Mandrel Heating System Improvement
Company Description /Background
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. is a fully integrated mold manufacturer in Automotive Interiors & Exteriors, Aerospace, and Home & Building products. Founded in 1962, Weber builds precision tooling in steel and aluminum for Spray, Slush, Compression, Injection, RTM, Infusion and Autoclave processes.
Weber also operates the world´s largest Nickel Vapour Deposition (NVD) facility, capable of producing nickel shell tooling at 99.98% pure nickel. The NVD process is also used for capturing fine surface detail, such as leather and wood grains, and authentically replicating them into hard tools. Tools made using NVD nickel shells offer many flexible design options and critical advantages not available with any other tool-making technology.
Project Description and motivation
Nickel Vapour Deposition (NVD) is a two stage chemical process in which bulk nickel powder is converted into solid nickel shells or nickel coated powder. In the first stage, nickel powder is combined with carbon monoxide in a packed bed reactor to form carbonyl vapour. In the second deposition stage, the carbonyl vapour is introduced into a sealed deposition chamber. The vapour deposits pure (99.9%) nickel atom by atom onto a reusable heated “mandrel”, producing an exact replica of the mandrel surface in a solid nickel shell. The shell is then stripped and built into a mold.
Current mandrels are machined from steel or aluminum and heated with hot oil circuits to approximately 200C. The high cost of these mandrels for single use tooling reduces NVD’s competitiveness with alternative nickel tool making technologies. Weber would like to modify or redesign the mandrel material or heating system to reduce capital and operating costs and increase efficiency.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review the material requirements and efficiency of current hot oil heating system.
• Research and evaluate the technical viability and efficiency of various options to modify or redesign the mandrel heating system and alternative mandrel materials to reduce capital and operating costs.
• Propose the most economically viable option for mandrel material and heating systems, with a cost/benefit analysis.
Suggested number of students and Discipline
• 3-4 students
• Chemical or Materials Engineering, open to options
Company Name
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. 
Industry/Sector
Manufacturing
Location
Midland, ON
Project Title or Summary
Nickel Grain Structure of NVD Nickel Shells
Company Description /Background
Weber Manufacturing Technologies Inc. is a fully integrated mold manufacturer in Automotive Interiors & Exteriors, Aerospace, and Home & Building products. Founded in 1962, Weber builds precision tooling in steel and aluminum for Spray, Slush, Compression, Injection, RTM, Infusion and Autoclave processes.
Weber also operates the world´s largest Nickel Vapour Deposition (NVD) facility, capable of producing nickel shell tooling at 99.98% pure nickel. The NVD process is also used for capturing fine surface detail, such as leather and wood grains, and authentically replicating them into hard tools. Tools made using NVD nickel shells offer many flexible design options and critical advantages not available with any other tool-making technology.
Project Description and motivation
Nickel Vapour Deposition (NVD) is a two stage chemical process in which bulk nickel powder is converted into solid nickel shells or nickel coated powder. In the first stage, nickel powder is combined with carbon monoxide in a packed bed reactor to form carbonyl vapour. In the second deposition stage, the carbonyl vapour is introduced into a sealed deposition chamber. The vapour deposits pure (99.9%) nickel atom by atom onto a reusable heated mandrel, producing an exact replica of the mandrel surface in a solid nickel shell. The shell is then stripped and built into a tool.
During the second stage, nickel deposition rates often drop in areas of complex geometry, creating thin areas in the shell at cleavage points. These weak spots are often subject to cracking once the tool is placed in a high stress production line. This leads to a high cost of reinforcing these areas and tool repairs. Weber would like to increase the life span of their nickel tools by producing hard nickel shells of uniform thickness.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review of NVD process with consideration to nickel growth grain structures and its effect on hardness, strength and thickness in cleavage areas
• Research on available technologies to eliminate cleavage points and increase hardness of nickel shells
• Cost/benefit analysis of available technologies

Suggested number of students and Discipline
• 3-4 students
• Metallurgy or Chemical Engineering, open to options
Company Name
3SO
Industry/Sector
HealthCare Supply Chain
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Use of plastic products in hospitals – how can we reduce, reuse or recycle?
Company Description /Background
3SO is a not-for-profit organization that handles supply chain services for the hospitals in the South East LHIN (Kingston Health Sciences Centre, Providence Care, Quinte Health Care, Lennox and Addington County General, Brockville General and Perth & Smiths Falls Memorial).    Services include procurement of goods, contract management and inventory management.  Inventory is managed out of a central warehouse in Kingston and shipped on a daily basis to the 6 hospitals.  We maintain approximately 25,000 material items of which about 3,500 are kept in inventory on a regular basis. 
Project Description and motivation
This project started with an innocent question from one of 3SO’s Operations Committee members – if the federal government bans single use plastic containers, what impact will it have on our hospitals?  From this a broader discussion ensured around reducing or better managing all of the plastic products and plastic packaging in hospital.  With considerable attention being given to the impact of plastics in the environment and moves from government to ban or limit plastic use, 3SO as the supply chain experts for our hospitals need to better understand how much plastics is used in our products and what options are available to reduce and recycle.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Review of current plastic usage and packaging in hospital medical\surgical supplies (referred to as medsurg supplies)
• Document current hospital recycle process for medsurg packaging (for at least 2 and up to 6 hospitals)
• Estimate, as best possible, impact of single use plastic ban and\or cost of extended producer responsibility
• Recommend alternatives to plastic materials and\or packaging
• Recommend improvements for recycling
• Identify innovative approaches vendors, hospitals or other healthcare entities are taking (Ontario, Canada, World)
• Presentation to key groups of hospital leaders
Suggested number of students and Discipline
• 3-4 students
• Commerce\finance expertise
• Engineering students interested in supply chain
Company Name
3M
Industry/Sector
Manufacturing
Location
Brockville, ON
Project Title or Summary
Reduction of Waste in a Carbon Treatment Plant
Company Description /Background
3M is a global technology company that has operations in more than 60 countries with laboratories in 34.  3M’s Personal Safety Division is a leading designer and manufacturer of respiratory protection products for the health care, industrial, first responder and the military markets.  Our Brockville Site houses a research and development laboratory, quality assurance laboratory, a filter manufacturing plant and a carbon treatment plant.  Treated activated carbon is used in respiratory protection products to remove toxic gases and vapors from air. The carbon treated in Brockville is used in 3M plants globally to manufacture such respiratory protection filters.
Project Description and motivation
Our carbon treatment facility has a batch process which results in a significant quantity of waste during product changeovers. Depending on the specific product changeovers, production will complete either an acid wash or a water wash. An acid wash consists of a mixture of water and hydrochloric acid. A water wash could consist of several chemicals we use to impregnate the carbon along with some left-over activated carbon.
The acid wash and water wash effluents are drained into a dyke where they become mixed (“dyke waste”). This is the waste that requires disposal by a licenced waste vendor.
We are looking for ways to reduce the amount of dyke waste leaving the 3M carbon treating plant to save costs and help our corporate sustainability goals. Potential technologies could involve (but not limited to):
• Membrane separation (to separate water from effluent)
• Thermal evaporation (to evaporate water from effluent, waste heat is available through a hot oil system or an external energy source such as microwave could be considered)
• Chemical treatment/neutralization
• Segregation of various waste per above (acid wash, water wash) streams to facilitate treatments
• Other filtration methods
If any of the options listed result in generation of clean water, the 3M preference would be to use this recycled water in production. However, this is not a requirement. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
The project output should include:
1. Layout and specification for proposed options
2. Description and ranking of several equipment installation options
3. Performance monitoring requirements for proposed systems (i.e if effluent is filtered, when to changeout filter)
4. Energy and labour requirements of the new process
5. Hazard assessment
6. Estimated capital and operating costs
7. Summary, conclusions and recommendations
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Chemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Engineering Chemistry, open to suggestions
Company Name
Canadian Wollastonite
Industry/Sector
Mining
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Identify potential uses/markets for concentrated side stream ore products generated during beneficiation of wollastonite
Company Description /Background
Canadian Wollastonite (CW) is a recently approved mining operation that is
developing a world class wollastonite deposit located in NE Kingston along
Hwy 15. For the past five years the company has been building markets for
its run of mine ore products (extracted but not concentrated) in steel
manufacture, horticulture, agriculture and environmental remediation.

CW is now ready to move to the next step in its development plans and
construct a commercial beneficiation plant that will all the company to
produce high grade wollastonite and diopside products that will be exported
world-wide.

This project an important step in CW’s long-term strategy of building an
environmentally sustainable mining operation which has a net positive
impact on the local environment and does not leave behind mine tailings.

Project Description and motivation
The goal of sustainable mining is to ensure everything that extracted, and processed, finds a useful home.
Prior Queens projects have looked at opportunities for CW to develop product markets for everything that is dug up as part of the mining process. These have led to the development of several local markets which have provided useful homes for some run-of-mine products that would otherwise
have been stockpiled on site as mine tailings.
CW now requires assistance doing the same for the anticipated side stream products that will be co-produced as part of the beneficiation process being used to concentrate the wollastonite and diopside products.
There will be two additional side streams from the commercial plant: quartzfeldspars (Q/F), and sulphides. Finding useful markets for the Q/F
concentrates will be import as it represents approximately 1/3 of the total
volumes processed by the plant. Sulphides, while being only ~2% of volume
processed is also important as there are potential adverse impacts with long
term storage.

CW conducted a pilot plant trial in June of this year to demonstrate the
scalability of its process and to produce “commercial samples” of all
concentrates for industry evaluation. The Queens team will be provided is
commercial samples of the Q/F and sulfide products as well as full technical
details. The team will be expected to research uses and contact potential
industrial consumers for feedback and direction

Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) identifying potential uses/markets for the Q/F
and sulphides. The CBA should identify potential customers, any additional
processing required to meet customer requirements, and outline the economic arguments for/against each market. In the end, the CBA should
provide CW with a path forward.

Suggested number of students and Discipline
A multidisciplinary team would be ideal. Mining, Chem Eng, Business.
Company Name
Ontario East Wood Centre (OEWC)
Industry/Sector
Bioeconomy
Location
Prescott, ON
Project Title or Summary
Exploring opportunities for bio-refining of products from wood and waste plastics
Company Description /Background
The OEWC is a not-for-profit corporation, created to offer ecological and economic benefits to Eastern Ontario and beyond. It is known as a strong network of inter-connected enterprises, aiming to build a sustainable future rooted in an agro-forestry based bio-economy and addressing climate change at the local and regional level. The OEWC encourages new bio-based cluster enterprises, focused on Ontario’s need to develop an integrated and innovative approach to the bio-economy, commercialization of first and second generation technologies, value-added agroforestry products and a new ecologically sound growth sector. Partners over the past 15 years have included engineers, farmers, foresters, academe, First Nations elders and scientists, business, regional industries, entrepreneurs, politicians and local governments.  
Project Description and motivation
This project is guided and inspired by the report on Agenda 21 and other Rio Agreements, IPCC Special Report on Climate Change, August 2019 and  Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis and Optimization edited by Paul R. Stuart and Mahmould M. El-Halwagi and motivated by concerns about the sustainability of our environment, climate change and the opportunities for Eastern Ontario presented by the bioeconomy as well as publications of the Scaling Up Conferences in Ottawa in 2017 and 2018, Dr. Warren Maybee, Associate Dean and director of the Queen’s School of Policy Studies and Dr. Sally Krigstin and Dr. Mohini Sain of the University of Toronto School of Forestry.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Assessment of availability of mixed hard woods and soft woods in Eastern Ontario
• Assessment of leading technologies having greatest potential for production of value added wood products such as plastics, nutraceuticals, fabric, fuels etc.
• Assessment of opportunities and technologies for converting waste plastics to energy products using pyrolysis or other means

Suggested number of students and Discipline
ENG, CHEE, COMM
Company Name
Ontario East Wood Centre (OEWC)
Industry/Sector
Bioeconomy
Location
Prescott, ON
Project Title or Summary
First Nation’s Housing for “Seven Generations” 
Company Description /Background
The OEWC is a not-for-profit corporation, created to offer ecological and economic benefits to Eastern Ontario and beyond. It is known as a strong network of inter-connected enterprises, aiming to build a sustainable future rooted in an agro-forestry based bio-economy and addressing climate change at the local and regional level. The OEWC encourages new bio-based cluster enterprises, focused on Ontario’s need to develop an integrated and innovative approach to the bio-economy, commercialization of first and second generation technologies, value-added agroforestry products and a new ecologically sound growth sector. Partners over the past 15 years have included engineers, farmers, foresters, academe, architects, First Nations scientists and elders, business, entrepreneurs, politicians and local governments. 
Project Description and motivation
Traditional First Nations Knowledge and the FPInnovations Indigenous Forest Sector Program have inspired an approach to a sustainable, safe and healthy life in several remote and indigenous communities through sustainable architecture, design, “Passive Housing,” use of wood from the Great Lakes- St. Lawrence forests, advanced and sustainable water purification, heating, waste water treatment, food stability, and energy systems. Background research will prevent “reinvention of the wheel.”
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Plan of Action for a demonstration project that includes a review of the many current initiatives across Canada, design of a “model” home, “state of the art” waste water treatment, water purification, food security, consideration of all aspects of health, culture and spirituality. A focus will also be use of local labour and local materials such as wood and stone. We anticipate support from civil engineering and architecture at Carleton University and the office of the vice Principal for Research and Innovation at Ryerson University
Suggested number of students and Discipline
BIO, CHEE, COMM
Company Name
BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
Industry/Sector
Energy Policy Development and Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Carbon Fibre Precursor from Oil Sands Bitumen
Company Description /Background
The BOWMAN CENTRE for SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (BCSE)[1] is a think tank focusing on  national scale Canadian energy projects and energy system development.  Dr. Clem Bowman, the founder is considered by many as the “father of the Alberta Oil Sands,” is a recipient of many awards and prestigious international prizes.  The BCSE is a national organization with Associates from across Canada and affiliated with the Canadian Academy of Engineering and the Canadian Society for Senior Engineers.
Project Description and motivation
Bitumen to Carbon Fibre Precursor Feedstock Process Evaluation
If the world is successful at decarbonizing its economies, the value of Canada’s bitumen resources will be seriously eroded.  However, bitumen, as a source of carbon, offers promising potential for use as a feedstock to manufacture a suite of durable materials not intended for combustion.
Queen’s University TEAM students have conducted a series of three reports, starting in 2017 examining alternative uses for bitumen.  
The 2017 Queens University TEAM report (Adding Value to Bitumen) identified a suite of products not intended for combustion that could be manufactured from oil sands bitumen.  One of the more promising advanced materials was carbon fibre.  A 2018 report (Producing Carbon Fibre from a Barrel of Pitch) examined key process steps and economics of carbon fibre production.  But more importantly, the 2018 TEAM identified key knowledge gaps that need study before commercializing bitumen to carbon fibre.  The 2019 report (Carbon Fibre from Oil Sands Bitumen and Other Feedstocks) is a Comparative GHG Life Cycle Assessment which identified a clear carbon intensity advantages to be realized if carbon fibre were to be manufactured from bitumen rather than the primary competing material.
These reports, but especially the 2018 report, will be the starting point for this project.  That report identified key knowledge gaps related to precursor preparation.  The study included a qualitative description of five candidate processes that might be used to pre-treat pitch for use as a precursor to feed a conventional carbon fibre production unit.  A detailed examination of those processes is now required. 
This study is particularly important to the BCSE as we are in the negotiating phases to conduct lab scale studies to prove the concept that commercial quality carbon fibre can be produced from bitumen derived pitch.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
This project will focus on identifying how best to pre-treat pitch derived from bitumen so that it may be used as a precursor to manufacture carbon fibre.  
Overall, the study will include:
1) A detailed review and comparison of pre-treatment processes currently being applied to conventional petroleum and coal tar pitch to manufacture carbon fibre precursors, as well as identification of promising new technology.
2) Upon consultation with the client, the most promising pre-treatment process will be selected for a high level pilot scale system design (PFDs, equipment, economics). The scope also includes identifying analytical methods to test for mesophase content and physical properties of the pitch. Recommendations for lab tests to verify the effectiveness of the proposed process should be provided, to the extent possible.
3) Conduct a review of typical end-use applications for various grades of carbon fibre and barriers to market entry.  This includes a discussion on potential market size and price sensitivity as a function of product qualities (mesophase content).

This study may result in commercially valuable intellectual property. 
The findings will be presented in the form of a written report with accompanying final presentation.  TEAM members may be invited to Sarnia to present their final report to a distinguished panel.   
Suggested number of students and Disciplin
One chemical engineer, one mechanical engineer with strength in materials science, one organic chemist or a second chemical engineer with strength in organic chemistry, one business/marketing specialist or economist
Company Name
BlueGreen Innovations Group Inc.
Industry/Sector
Environmental and Energy Consulting
Location
Sarnia, ON
Project Title or Summary
Micro Plastic Pollution in the Great Lakes; Engineering Options to Detect and Remove at Source.
Company Description /Background
BlueGreen Innovation Group is a multidisciplinary team of professionals linked by a mutual desire to deliver products and services that further environmental, social and economic sustainability.
Our Areas of Focus:
• Innovative technology
• R & D, discovery, evaluation, integration and commercialization
• Renewable energy, biofuels & bio-products
• Energy efficiency & conservation
• Clean water, wastewater, air and solid waste technologies
• Sustainability audits
• Low-energy building systems
• Energy storage technologies
• Manufacturing Systems
BlueGreen Innovation Group will partner with The Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) in support of RBC’s “Blue Water Project2.  
Project Description and motivation
Review existing and emerging technologies for removing plastics in effluent streams and the economic implications of deploying those technologies at scale.
Prompted by extensive media coverage of plastic pollution (PP) in the world’s oceans, several studies were completed, between 2011 and 2018, of impacts on the Great Lakes (Laurentian System).   Tributaries, sediments, shorelines and surface water column (pelagic) were considered.  A meta-study, reviewing these reports, was completed at by a Queen’s TEAM in 2019 titled “The Hidden Threat of Plastic Pollution in the Great Lakes (an overview of current research)”. By definition, PP particles were categorized as:  Macro, >5mm (fragments and pellets); Micro <5mm, and Nano <0.1 μm.
Key findings: The Laurentian system contains ~4.4M mt of PP.  Of this, 90% is pelagic micro particles ranging from 25K (Huron) - 106K (Erie-worst) particles/km2 on the surface.  Most micro (and possibly nano) particles originate from disintegrating fragments, but especially from washing clothes made from synthetic fibres such as polyester and acrylics (one garment sheds 700K fibres/ per wash).  Also beaches and sediments in Lakes Erie, St. Clair, Huron (94% in Sarnia) and Ontario (Humber-worst and Toronto harbour) are polluted with pellets and fragments especially from Styrofoam food containers (Humber up to 700 particles/ kg sediment).  Methods to quantitatively measure PP included:  Manta trawls (surface skimming); grid- counts (beach & sediments).  Qualitative/ chemical analysis methods included:  Microscopy; Pyrolysis –GC/ MS; FTIR.  These methods all require specialist and are non-standardized, so comparisons and sharing data is difficult. 
The Queen’s TEAM report of 2019 suggested potential options for reducing PP.  These included avenues for research, banning single use plastics especially Styrofoam; washing machine filters; tertiary filtration from water treatment plants; bioremediation of wastes; R & D into long term harms.  
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
This project is a logical extension of the Queen’s report of 2019, with a focus on the engineering component of the 2019 TEAM recommendations.
Overall, the project goal will be to conduct a state of the science study into existing and emerging treatment technologies capable of significantly reducing plastics content in waste water.  This waste water will include domestic level (residential washing machines) and municipal scale waste water treatment plants.  Time permitting, investigations into on-line methods of measuring PP (applied to lakes, shorelines, treatment plants, residential lines) will be conducted.   
This project will be a meta-study involving searching the literature for credible information and consolidating this into a summary report.  The study will include assessment of technology risk, economics, and in the case of domestic scale treatment (filters), risks associated with social acceptance of such an addition to the cost and performance of washing machines.  Customer costs (capital and operating) and convenience of practical solutions (e.g.  will householders bother to change filters on washing machines should also be investigated.  
It will also recommend future activities and research to close any significant gaps identified in this study.
The findings will be presented in the form of a written report with accompanying final presentation.  TEAM members may be invited to Sarnia to present their final report to a distinguished panel.   
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Chemical Engineering, Biology, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Commerce
Company Name
Backr
Industry/Sector
Digital Marketing 
Location
Kingston, ON
Project Title or Summary
Build and launch a digital product for a startup
Company Description /Background
Backr is a SaaS technology startup that builds tools which empower online content creators. Backr helps creators build communities surrounding their work, engaging more meaningfully with their audience and generate direct revenue from their fans.  At backr we believe that digital creators are today's dominant producers of art, culture and entertainment, and we are committed to creating tools which promote and facilitate those expressions. Backr was founded in Kingston in 2019 by 5 Queen’s Students with support from the Queen’s Innovation Center and has received $34k in seed funding.
Project Description and motivation
Backr is launching a digital tool that will bring creators closer to their fans. The tool will merge data acquired from multiple platforms in order to track and understand audience engagements from each social channel.
There are four main components which must be built:
  1. Collect data using APIs (Youtube, Twitter, Instagram) and import the data to a cloud server storage.
  2. Analyse the data to discover audience insights
  3. Development of a customizable web app which includes ability to process payments.
  4. Development of a creator analytics dashboard where key analytics insights are tracked and displayed.
Interested applicants will gain firsthand startup experience, they will be involved in all aspects of growing a startup including; uncovering market opportunities, business development and growth, and raising capital.
Responsibilities will include all aspects of product development. Applicants will gain experience in designing, building, testing and iterating a product with a strong emphasis on data driven decision making.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Create Alpha product by end of fall term
• Test core functionalities
• Ability to demo with end users and gain feedback
• Collect usage data and discover opportunities for product improvements.
Create a launchable MVP by the end Winter term
• Product ready for launch
• Scalable design with ability to continuously add additional users and new features
Suggested number of students and Discipline
Seeking 2-3 Students in Computer science, Computer engineering, Mathematics or Physics. Preferably with knowledge of Full-Stack Web Development, Front end web development, or data science.
Company Name
Canadian Energy Pipeline Association
Industry/Sector
Pipelines, Oil and Gas
Location
Calgary, AB
Project Title or Summary
Land Data Historian and Augmented Reality Display
Company Description /Background
CEPA represents Canada’s transmission pipeline companies who operate approximately 119,000 kilometres of pipeline in Canada and 14,000 kilometres in the United States. CEPA members move approximately 1.2 billion barrels of liquid petroleum products and 5.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas each year. In fact, 97 per cent of Canada’s daily crude oil and natural gas is moved from producing regions to markets throughout North America by CEPA members.
CEPA’s vision is to have a safe, socially and environmentally sustainable energy pipeline industry for Canadians.
Project Description and motivation
Understanding the connection between people and the history and use of the land is important for all stakeholders engaged in the pipeline industry. For Indigenous peoples whose traditional territories may have pipeline operations in the area and for companies who build and operate pipelines, there is a need to capture areas of significance for both parties. Recording this history and being able to display it on location through augmented reality would provide stakeholders the opportunity to understand the land use and also capture oral history for future generations. 
Capturing and sharing this information would help bridge reconciliation efforts with the energy industry as a partner.
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Mobile application that users can input information to a database that geotags recorded information that can be displayed in augmented reality
• Database that can store:
     - recorded oral history
     - geological information (seasonal waterways, environmental sensitive areas, soil information, rain accumulation)
     - geotags (geographical points of significance)
     - asset information (pipeline locations, etc…)
• Augmented reality application that can display in camera information from the database
• Activities (tentative):
     - Travel and engagement with stakeholders (location dependent on stakeholder partners – Fall 2019)
     - Travel to Calgary for final presentation (April)
Suggested number of students and Discipline
• Four students max
• Software development skills are required (independent of discipline)
• Preferred team breakdown:
     - Two students experienced in app development and programming
     - Two chemical engineering students with environmental interest
• Strong technical writing capability
• Strong communication and leadership skills
Company Name
MEG Energy Corp
Industry/Sector
Oil and Gas
Location
Calgary, AB; Conklin, AB
Project Title or Summary
In-situ Oilsands Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) - Technical and Economic Feasibility of Commercial Processes
Company Description /Background
MEG is an innovative Canadian oil company focused on sustainable in situ thermal oil development and production in the southern Athabasca region of Alberta.
Project Description and motivation
MEG is committed to developing our resources in an environmentally sustainable manner and is an industry leader in greenhouse gas intensity. To sustain this performance and attract investment, MEG must continuously evaluate potential options to cost effectively reduce our GHG emissions.
Technology development in this area has advanced significantly over the last decade and there are several promising technologies that are either at commercial scale or close to commercial scale that MEG would like to explore.
This project will require the team members to evaluate the applicability of the currently available processes to CCS from in-situ steam generation considering capital and operating costs as well as impacts to reliability and maintenance.  The team should also make recommendations for implementation using a scaled approach to reduce operational risks to MEG.
MEG will provide ongoing support for technical as well as execution issues such as cost estimating and scheduling which will give team members valuable industry experience and insights. 
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
• Project objective detailing issue to be resolved and approach that will be used to investigate potential solutions.
• Competing technologies and pros/cons associated with each.
• Selection basis for chosen technology.
• Process flow diagrams showing integration with existing facilities.
• Preliminary plot layout considering maintenance requirements of new and existing equipment.
• Preliminary equipment sizing and selection.
• Material selection summary.
• Equipment factored cost estimate.
• Utilities summary (power, gas, water).
• Catalyst and chemicals usage summary.
• Emissions and waste summary.
• Estimated operating costs.
• Potential operability and maintainability issues.
• Overall economic analysis of cost per tonne of carbon considering both capital and operating costs.
• Potential options for scaled implementation.

Suggested number of students and Discipline
Four to six students. These technologies involve large rotating equipment; therefore, one or two mechanical engineering students are recommended.
Company Name
32 Degrees Ventures Inc.
Industry/Sector
Ice / Cooling / Sustainability
Location
Toronto, ON
Project Title or Summary
Alternative to Ice/cooling for the Food & Beverage (F&B) sector with a focus on beverages
Company Description /Background
www.weare32degrees.com
Vision
We will disrupt how ice impacts humanity 
To us – ice is an ecosystem, ice cubes, ice blocks, cold drinks, usage, attitude and behaviors (habits), cooling process, cooling down, cooling systems, nice ice.
Mission
Through the efforts of building a like-minded community, we will help change the way we think about ice, create ice and use ice
Values
• Visionary 
• Provocative 
• Community-minded
• Impactful

Please note: We will provide any & all relevant data from our 4 years of partnering with Queens (Engineering & MMIE (Smith School of Business));
What: Over the last 4 years 32 Degrees has evaluated the inefficiency of ice productions specifically in restaurants and bars (F&B through commercial ice machines.
Why: We believe there is a better way to “cool” beverages in the Food & Beverage industry (restaurants, bars, hotels etc.) 
Project Description and motivation
Design a product that can be used to cool drinks (water or other solutions) in the food and beverage sector, specifically bars and restaurants (primary), that could apply to home use (secondary). 
- Take health and safety into consideration – less bacteria
- Has to be more sustainable than what’s in market today
- Footprint (physical) in establishment, cannot be larger than current footprint
- Power savings or further efficiency
- Collaborate with AI team
- Eliminate water waste 

1. Can technology and machine learning play a role here?
2. Can you cool faster e.g. super cool and create an on-demand product?
Key Deliverables and/or activities (tentative)
Product concept/design for a more sustainable alternative way to cool beverages for the F&B industry with potential overlap into home application
Suggested number of students and Discipline
4-5 Students. Mechanical; Chemical; Electrical; potentially Environmental; Open to others who may be interested.